Offshore Pipelines

Offshore Pipelines

Design, Installation, and Maintenance

2nd Edition - July 24, 2013

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  • Authors: Boyun Guo, PhD, Shanhong Song, Ph.D., Ali Ghalambor, PhD, Tian Lin, PhD
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780123979490
  • eBook ISBN: 9780123984920

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The development of oil and gas fields offshore requires specialized pipeline equipment. The structures must be strong enough to with stand the harshest environments, and ensure that production is not interrupted and remains economically feasible. However, recent events in the Gulf of Mexico have placed a new importance on maintenance and reliability. A new section; Condition Based Maintenance (CBM), introduces the subject of maintenance, written by Tian Ran Lin, Queensland University of Technology, and Yong Sun, CSIRO Earth Science and Resource Engineering. Two of the main objectives of CBM is maximizing reliability while preventing major or minor equipment malfunction and minimizing maintenance costs. In this new section, the authors deal with the multi-objective condition based maintenance optimization problem. CBM provides two major advantages: (1) an efficient approach for weighting maintenance objectives, and (2) a method for specifying physical methods for achieving those objectives. Maintenance cost and reliability objectives are calculated based on proportional hazards model and a control limit CBM replacement policy. Written primarily for engineers and management personnel working on offshore and deepwater oil and gas pipelines, this book covers the fundamentals needed to design, Install, and commission pipeline projects. This new section along with a thorough update of the existing chapters represents a 30% increase in information over the previous edition.

Key Features

  • Covers offshore maintenance and maintenance support system
  • Provides the fundamentals needed to design, Install, and commission pipeline project
  • Methods and tools to deliver cost effective maintenance cost and system reliability
  • New section on Condition-Based Maintenance written by Tian Ran Lin, Queensland University of Technology, and Yong Sun, CSIRO Earth Science and Resource Engineering (


Pipeline Design Engineers, Pipeline Operation Engineers

Table of Contents

  • Preface

    Chapter 1. Introduction

    1.1 Overview

    1.2 Pipeline Design

    1.3 Pipeline Installation

    1.4 Pipeline Operations


    Part I: Pipeline Design

    Part I. Pipeline Design

    Chapter 2. General Design Information

    2.1 Introduction

    2.2 Design Data


    Chapter 3. Diameter and Wall Thickness

    3.1 Introduction

    3.2 Design Procedure

    3.3 Design Codes


    Chapter 4. Hydrodynamic Stability of Pipelines

    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 Analysis Procedure

    4.3 Methodology

    4.4 Partially Buried Pipelines


    Further Reading

    Chapter 5. Pipeline Span

    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 Problem Description

    5.3 Design Considerations

    5.4 Design Criteria

    5.5 Fatigue Analysis Guideline


    Further Reading

    Chapter 6. Operating Stresses

    6.1 Introduction

    6.2 Operating Forces

    6.3 Stress-Analysis-Based Design


    Chapter 7. Pipeline Riser Design

    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 Design Procedure

    7.3 Load Cases

    7.4 Wall Thickness

    7.5 Allowable Stress Criteria

    7.6 Dynamic and Fatigue Analysis

    7.7 Corrosion Control Consideration

    7.8 Riser Bends

    7.9 Riser Clamps

    Chapter 8. Pipeline External Corrosion Protection

    8.1 Introduction

    8.2 External Pipe Coatings

    8.3 Cathodic Protection

    Further Reading

    Chapter 9. Pipeline Insulation

    9.1 Introduction

    9.2 Insulation Materials

    9.3 PIP Insulation

    9.4 General Requirements

    9.5 Heat Transfer Analysis—An Example


    Further Reading

    Chapter 10. Introduction to Flexible Pipelines

    10.1 Introduction

    10.2 Flexible Pipe Manufacturers

    10.3 Basics of Flexible Riser Analysis and Design

    Further Reading

    Part II: Pipeline Installation

    Part II. Pipeline Installation

    Chapter 11. Pipeline Installation Methods

    11.1 Introduction

    11.2 Lay Methods

    11.3 Tow Methods

    Further Reading

    Chapter 12. Installation Bending Stress Control

    12.1 Introduction

    12.2 Lay Stresses


    Further Reading

    Chapter 13. Pipeline On-Bottom Stability Control

    13.1 Introduction

    13.2 Hydrodynamic Parameters

    13.3 Soil Parameters

    13.4 Stability Analysis Guidelines

    13.5 Trenching/Jetting


    Further Reading

    Part III: Pipeline Commissioning and Operations

    Part III. Pipeline Commissioning and Operations

    Chapter 14. Pipeline Testing and Precommissioning

    14.1 Introduction

    14.2 Pipeline Precommissioning


    Further Reading

    Chapter 15. Flow Assurance

    15.1 Introduction

    15.2 Fluid Sampling and Characterizations

    15.3 Impacts of Produced Water on Flow Assurance

    15.4 Gas Hydrates

    15.5 Wax Depositions

    15.6 Asphaltene Depositions

    15.7 Inorganic Precipitates—Scales

    15.8 Corrosion

    15.9 Severe Slugging


    Further Reading

    Chapter 16. Pigging Operations

    16.1 Introduction

    16.2 Pigging System

    16.3 Selection of Pigs

    16.4 Major Applications

    16.5 Pigging Procedure


    Further Reading

    Part IV: Condition-Based Maintenance

    Chapter 17. An Introduction to Condition-Based Maintenance

    17.1 Introduction

    17.2 Condition Monitoring

    17.3 Condition-Based Asset Health Prediction Models and Methods

    17.4 CBM Decision Making


    Chapter 18. Pipeline Vibration and Condition Based Maintenance

    18.1 Introduction

    18.2 Pipeline Vibration

    18.3 Condition Based Maintenance


    Appendix A. Gas–Liquid Multiphase Flow in Pipeline

    A.1 Introduction

    A.2 Multiphase Flow Concepts

    A.3 Flow Regime Classifications

    A.4 Horizontal Gas–Liquid Flow Regime Maps

    A.5 Flow Regime Transitions in Horizontal Gas–Liquid Flow

    A.6 Modeling of Multiphase Flow in Horizontal Pipeline

    Appendix B. Steady and Transient Solutions for Pipeline Temperature

    B.1 Assumptions

    B.2 Governing Equation

    B.3 Solutions

    Appendix C. Strength De-Rating of Old Pipelines

    C.1 Introduction

    C.2 Classification of Cavities

    C.3 Analytical SCF Model for Medium Cavity

    C.4 Analytical SCF Model for Shallow Cavity

    C.5 Analytical SCF Model for Deep Cavity

    C.6 Illustrative Example



Product details

  • No. of pages: 400
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Gulf Professional Publishing 2013
  • Published: July 24, 2013
  • Imprint: Gulf Professional Publishing
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780123979490
  • eBook ISBN: 9780123984920

About the Authors

Boyun Guo, PhD

Boyun Guo is a Professor at the University of Louisiana at Lafayette in the Petroleum Engineering Department and Director of the Center for Optimization of Petroleum Systems (COPS) of the Energy Institute of Louisiana (EIL). He has 40 years of work experience in the oil and gas industry and academia. He is the principal author of 11 books and author/coauthor of over 150 research papers. He holds a BS degree in Engineering Science from Daqing Petroleum Institute in China, MS degree in Petroleum Engineering from Montana College of Mineral Science and Technology, and a PhD degree in Petroleum Engineering from New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor, Petroleum Engineering Department, University of Louisiana, Lafayette and Director, Center for Optimization of Petroleum Systems (COPS), USA

Shanhong Song, Ph.D.

Affiliations and Expertise

Senior engineer, ChevronTexaco

Ali Ghalambor, PhD

Ali Ghalambor is currently an international consultant with more than 40 years of industrial and academic experience. He served as the API Endowed Professor, head of the petroleum engineering department, and director of the Energy Institute at the University of Louisiana at Lafayette. He has performed consulting and training services in 45 countries, authored 15 books and more than 230 technical papers. Ali received the SPE Distinguished Achievement Award for Petroleum Engineering Faculty in 2001, the Distinguished Member in 2006, Production and Operations Award in 2007, and Distinguished Service Award in 2008. Dr. Ghalambor earned a BS and MS degree, both in petroleum engineering from the University of Southwestern Louisiana, and a PhD in environmental sciences and engineering from Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. He is a registered professional engineer in the US, elected member of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences, and recipient of its Nobel Laureate Physicists Kapitsa Gold Medal.

Affiliations and Expertise

Formerly Professor, University of Louisiana at Lafayette, Lafayette, LA, USA

Tian Lin, PhD

Affiliations and Expertise

CRC for Infrastructure and Engineering Asset Management, Queensland University of Technology

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