Offshore Installation Practice

Offshore Installation Practice

1st Edition - December 1, 1987

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  • Author: J. Crawford
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483163192

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Offshore Installation Practice describes the main requirements and applications for safe offshore installation and operation. This book discusses the arrangements to be accepted by national and international classification and certification authorities with respect to flare systems, fuel gas and crude oil burning, fire protection, fire detection and extinction, heat exchangers, and piping design. The importance of life-support systems is also highlighted. This book is comprised of 18 chapters and begins by introducing the reader to offshore gas and oil production platforms, with emphasis on safety considerations for fixed drilling/production platforms, produced fluid systems, and the gas injection compression system. The discussion then turns to piping systems; fuel gas and crude-oil burning arrangements; flare systems; and equipment for offshore-related projects, such as storage tankers and barges, compensator systems, and floating production and storage units. The chapters that follow focus on safety shutdown systems; the design of submersibles and diving equipment; and the basic principles of fire protection systems. This book concludes by considering the regulatory requirements for the prevention of oil pollution arising from offshore oil and gas exploration. This monograph will be useful as a reference work for those engaged in the design and installation of offshore units.

Table of Contents

  • 1 Offshore Gas and Oil Production Installations

    1.1 Fixed Drilling/Production Platforms

    1.2 Produced Fluid Systems

    1.3 The Gas Injection Compression System

    2 Piping Systems

    2.1 Mobile Units

    2.2 Ballast Systems

    2.3 Inclination Requirements (Emergency Pumps)

    2.4 Ballast Tank Venting Arrangements

    2.5 Cross-Bracings

    2.6 Protection against Flooding

    2.7 Copper Alloy Piping

    2.8 Galvanic Corrosion

    2.9 Valves

    2.10 Flexible Jumper, Kill and Choke Lines

    3 Fuel Gas and Crude-Oil Burning Arrangements

    3.1 Methane (Fuel-Gas) Burning

    3.2 Crude-Oil Burning

    4 Flare Systems

    4.1 Combustion Properties

    5 Offshore-Related Projects

    5.1 Storage Tankers and Barges

    5.2 Floating Production and Storage Units

    5.3 Fire

    5.4 Fuel Gas

    5.5 Jack-Up Units

    5.6 Compensator Systems

    6 Shutdown Safety Systems

    6.1 Valves

    6.2 Protective Shut-in Action

    6.3 Guidance Notes

    6.4 Compressor Units Safety/Blowdown

    6.5 Compressor Blowdown

    7 Piping Design

    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 Carbon and Low-Alloy Steels

    7.3 Welded Pressure Pipes

    7.4 Copper and Copper Alloys

    7.5 Cast Iron

    7.6 Plastics Pipes

    7.7 Flexible Hoses

    7.8 Hydraulic Tests on Pipes and Fittings

    7.9 Guidance Notes on Metal Pipes for Water Services

    7.10 Design Systems (Standards and Materials)

    8 Submersibles: Diving Systems

    8.1 Diving Equipment

    8.2 Underwater Operations

    8.3 Submersible Units

    8.4 Life-Support System

    8.5 Bulk Gas Storage

    8.6 Heating Systems

    8.7 Emergency Life-Support Systems

    8.8 Ballast Systems

    8.9 Emergency Release System

    8.10 Diving Bells

    9 Fire and Basic Principles of Protective Systems

    9.1 Phenomenon of Fire and Basic Principles of Protection Systems

    9.2 Statutory Requirements

    9.3 Structural Fire Protection

    9.4 Fire Test for Fire Main Fittings

    9.5 Fire Test for Flexible Hoses

    10 Fire Detection

    10.1 Principles of Fire Detection

    10.2 Types of Fire Detector

    10.3 Choice of Fire-Detector Types

    10.4 Numbers of Fire Detectors

    10.5 Siting of Fire Detectors

    10.6 Regulation Requirements

    11 Flammable Gas Detection

    11.1 Principles of Flammable Gas Detection

    11.2 Techniques for Detection

    11.3 Gas-Detection System Design

    11.4 Regulation Requirements for Gas-Detection and Measuring Equipment

    11.5 Common Features of Fire- and Gas-Detection Systems

    12 Fire-Extinguishing Systems

    12.1 Extinguishing Agents

    12.2 Fire Pumps, Fire Mains, Water-Deluge Systems, Water Monitors and Hydrants

    12.3 Automatic Sprinkler and Fire-Detection Systems

    12.4 Fixed Fire-Extinguishing Systems

    12.5 Helicopter Landing-Area Equipment

    12.6 Portable Fire-Fighting Equipment

    12.7 Plans Required for Appraisal

    12.8 Diving Systems

    12.9 Measures in the Event of an Accident

    13 Electrical Installations

    13.1 Introduction

    13.2 Causes of Faults

    13.3 Detection of Faults

    13.4 Cable Fires

    13.5 System Design

    13.6 Explosion Hazards

    14 Area Classification

    14.1 Introduction

    14.2 Definitions

    14.3 Codes of Practice

    14.4 Comparison between the Codes

    14.5 Application of the Codes

    14.6 Helifuel Tanks

    15 Automation and Control Systems

    15.1 Classification of Control Systems

    15.2 Control Valves

    16 Pumps

    16.1 Weir Multi-Stage Turbo Feed Pump

    16.2 Reciprocating Pump

    16.3 Maintenance and Operation of Reciprocating Units

    16.4 Maintenance Procedures

    16.5 Centrifugal Pumps

    16.6 Operation and Maintenance of Centrifugal Pumps

    16.7 Mechanical Rotary Seals

    16.8 Bypass Line for Closed-Valve Operation

    16.9 Positive Displacement Pumps

    16.10 Axial Flow Pumps

    16.11 Screw Displacement Pumps

    16.12 Rotary Lobe Displacement Pumps

    16.13 Pumps for Special Services

    16.14 Hydraulic Downhole Pumps

    16.15 Fire Pumps

    16.16 General Pumping Data

    17 Heat Exchangers

    17.1 Heat Exchanger Performance

    17.2 The Shell and Tube Heat Exchanger

    17.3 The Plate Heat Exchanger

    18 Oil Pollution

    18.1 Prevention of Pollution of the Sea by Oil

    18.2 Oil Tankers Used for the Storage of Oil

    Appendix: Oil Formations

    A.1 Drilling Operations



Product details

  • No. of pages: 400
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Butterworth-Heinemann 1987
  • Published: December 1, 1987
  • Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483163192

About the Author

J. Crawford

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