Nutrient Metabolism

Nutrient Metabolism

Structures, Functions, and Genes

2nd Edition - May 8, 2015
This is the Latest Edition
  • Author: Martin Kohlmeier
  • eBook ISBN: 9780123877888
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780123877840

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Description

Nutrient Metabolism, Second Edition, provides a comprehensive overview of the supply and use of nutrients in the human body and how the body regulates intake. Chapters detail the principles determining digestion and absorption of food ingredients and how these compounds and their metabolites get into the brain, cross the placenta and pass through the kidneys. Each nutrient’s coverage contains a nutritional summary that describes its function, its food sources, dietary requirements, potential health risks if deficient, and impact of excessive intake. This handbook contains the latest information on the scope of structures, processes, genes and cofactors involved in maintaining a healthy balance of nutrient supplies. Of interest to a wide range of professionals because nutrient issues connect to so many audiences, the book contains a useful link to dietary supplements.

Key Features

  • Latest research findings on health and clinical effects of nutrients and of interventions affecting nutrient supply or metabolism
  • Each nutrient covered contains a nutritional summary describing its function, food sources, dietary requirements, potential health risks if deficient, and impact of excessive intake.
  • Nutrient information immediately accessible--from source to effect--in one volume

Readership

Nutritionists, dietitians, food scientists, and biochemists who work with nutrition

Table of Contents

    • Dedication
    • Preface
    • Acknowledgments
    • List of Abbreviations
    • Introduction
      • Nutrients
      • References
    • Chapter 1. Chemical Senses
      • Smell
      • Taste
      • Intestinal Sensing
      • Physical Sensing and Chemesthesis
    • Chapter 2. Intake Regulation
      • Appetite
      • Thirst
    • Chapter 3. Absorption, Transport, and Retention
      • Digestion and Absorption
      • Microbiome
      • Renal Processing
      • The Blood–Brain Barrier
      • Materno-Fetal Nutrient Transport
    • Chapter 4. Xenobiotics
      • Caffeine
      • Heterocyclic Amines
      • Nitrite/Nitrate
    • Chapter 5. Fatty Acids
      • Structure and Function of Fatty Acids
      • Overfeeding
      • Acetate
      • Myristic Acid
      • Conjugated Linoleic Acid
      • Docosahexaenoic Acid
      • Trans-Fatty Acids
      • Chlorophyll/Phytol/Phytanic Acid
    • Chapter 6. Carbohydrates, Alcohols, and Organic Acids
      • Carbohydrates
      • Glucose
      • Fructose
      • Galactose
      • Xylitol
      • Pyruvate
      • Oxalic Acid
      • Ethanol
      • Methanol
    • Chapter 7. Nonnutrients and Bioactives
      • Indigestible Carbohydrates
      • Flavonoids and Isoflavones
      • Garlic Bioactives
    • Chapter 8. Amino Acids and Nitrogen Compounds
      • Structure and Function of Amino Acids
      • Starvation
      • Glutamate
      • Glutamine
      • Glycine
      • Threonine
      • Serine
      • Alanine
      • Phenylalanine
      • Tyrosine
      • Tryptophan
      • Methionine
      • Cysteine
      • Lysine
      • Leucine
      • Valine
      • Isoleucine
      • Aspartate
      • Asparagine
      • Arginine
      • Proline
      • Histidine
      • Citrulline
      • Taurine
      • Creatine
      • Carnitine
      • Melatonin
      • Choline
    • Chapter 9. Fat-Soluble Vitamins and Nonnutrients
      • Free Radicals and Antioxidants
      • Vitamin A
      • Vitamin D
      • Vitamin E
      • Vitamin K
      • Cholesterol
      • Lipoic Acid
      • Ubiquinone
    • Chapter 10. Water-Soluble Vitamins and Nonnutrients
      • Methylation
      • Vitamin C
      • Thiamin
      • Riboflavin
      • Niacin
      • Vitamin B6
      • Folate
      • Vitamin B12
      • Biotin
      • Pantothenate
      • Queuine
      • Biopterin
      • Inositol
    • Chapter 11. Minerals and Trace Elements
      • Water
      • Sodium
      • Potassium
      • Chlorine
      • Iron
      • Copper
      • Zinc
      • Manganese
      • Calcium
      • Phosphorus
      • Magnesium
      • Iodine
      • Fluorine
      • Sulfur
      • Selenium
      • Molybdenum
      • Cobalt
      • Chromium
      • Boron
      • Silicon
      • Bromine
      • Arsenic
      • Vanadium
      • Nickel
    • Chapter 12. Applications
      • Genetic Variation
      • Nutrient Adequacy and Supplementation
      • Nutrient Interactions
      • GRAS Database
      • Using Molecular Databases
    • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 898
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2015
  • Published: May 8, 2015
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780123877888
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780123877840
  • About the Author

    Martin Kohlmeier

    Martin Kohlmeier
    Dr. Martin Kohlmeier, MD, PhD, is a Professor of Nutrition; Director of the Human Research Core and the Nutrigenetics Laboratory at the UNC Nutrition Research Institute in Kannapolis, NC; Director of Nutrition in Medicine for online nutrition education of medical students and health professionals; visiting fellow of Wolfson College at Cambridge University, UK; founding Editor-in-Chief of BMJ Nutrition, Prevention and Health; and President of the International Society of Nutrigenetics/Nutrigenomics (ISNN). His professional interests include investigating genotype-specific nutrition responses of humans in health and disease, developing decision-support algorithms and tools for precision nutrition, and teaching health care professionals how to use nutrigenetics in practice. His previously authored textbooks in the field include Nutrigenetics (Academic Press, 2013) and Nutrient Metabolism (2nd Edition, Academic Press, 2015).

    Affiliations and Expertise

    UNC Nutrition Research Institute, and Department of Nutrition, University of North Carolina School of Medicine and Gillings School of Global Public Health, Chapel Hill, NC, USA