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Numerical Models of Oceans and Oceanic Processes - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780124340688, 9780080512907

Numerical Models of Oceans and Oceanic Processes, Volume 66

1st Edition

Authors: Lakshmi Kantha Carol Clayson
Hardcover ISBN: 9780124340688
eBook ISBN: 9780080512907
Paperback ISBN: 9781493301430
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th May 1985
Page Count: 750
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Table of Contents

Foreword by Kirk Bryan, Preface, Prologue
1. Introduction to Ocean Dynamics
2. Introduction to Numerical Solutions
3. Equatorial Dynamics and Reduced Gravity Models
4. Midlatitude Dynamics and Quasi-Geostrophic Models
5. High-Latitude Dynamics and Sea-Ice Modeling
6. Tides and Tidal Modeling
7. Coastal Dynamics and Barotropic Models
8. Data and Data Processing
9. Sigma-Coordinate Regional and Coastal Models
10. Multilevel Basin Scale and Global Models
11. Layered and Isopycnal Models
12. Ice-Ocean Coupled Models
13. Ocean-Atmosphere Coupled Models
14. Data Assimilation and Nowcasts / Forecasts
Appendix A: Equations of State; Appendix B: Wavelet Transforms; Appendix C: Empirical Orthogonal Functions and Empirical Normal Modes; Appendix D: Units and Constants
References, Biographies, Index.


Oceans play a pivotal role in our weather and climate. Ocean-borne commerce is vital to our increasingly close-knit global community. Yet we do not fully understand the intricate details of how they function, how they interact with the atmosphere, and what the limits are to their biological productivity and their tolerance to wastes. While satellites are helping us to fill in the gaps, numerical ocean models are playing an important role in increasing our ability to comprehend oceanic processes, monitor the current state of the oceans, and to a limited extent, even predict their future state.
Numerical Models of Oceans and Oceanic Processes is a survey of the current state of knowledge in this field. It brings together a discussion of salient oceanic dynamics and processes, numerical solution methods, and ocean models to provide a comprehensive treatment of the topic. Starting with elementary concepts in ocean dynamics, it deals with equatorial, mid-latitude, high latitude, and coastal dynamics from the perspective of a modeler. A comprehensive and up-to-date chapter on tides is also included. This is followed by a discussion of different kinds of numerical ocean models and the pre- and post-processing requirements and techniques. Air-sea and ice-ocean coupled models are described, as well as data assimilation and nowcast/forecasts. Comprehensive appendices on wavelet transforms and empirical orthogonal functions are also included.
This comprehensive and up-to-date survey of the field should be of interest to oceanographers, atmospheric scientists, and climatologists. While some prior knowledge of oceans and numerical modeling is helpful, the book includes an overview of enough elementary material so that along with its companion volume, Small Scale Processes in Geophysical Flows, it should be useful to both students new to the field and practicing professionals.

Key Features

  • Comprehensive and up-to-date review
    * Useful for a two-semester (or one-semester on selected topics) graduate level course
    * Valuable reference on the topic
    * Essential for a better understanding of weather and climate


Academics, graduate students, and researchers in oceanography, atmospheric science, meteorology, limnology, and fluid dynamics in general.


No. of pages:
© Academic Press 2000
28th May 1985
Academic Press
Hardcover ISBN:
eBook ISBN:
Paperback ISBN:


@from:From the Foreword by Kirk Bryan
@qu:"This book...draws from many sources and an extensive background and experience in modeling to provide an understandable teaching tool and guide for research."

@qu:"Ideal for a student or researcher who wants to understand the mathematical fundamentals of ocean processes."

@qu:"I recommend the book to anyone wanting to
obtain a deeper understanding of the many scientific and numerical aspects of oceanic circulation problems. "Numerical Models of Oceans and Oceanic Processes" is an indispensable textbook for graduate courses in geophysical fluid dynamics, applied hydrodynamics, ocean engineering and physical oceanography."
@source:--Andrzej Icha, Polish Academy of Science

@qu:"...a tremendous source and time saver to numerical modelers...unhesitatingly recommended to anyone interested in numerical modeling."
@source:--Applied Mechanics Reviews, Volume 54 (1), Jan 2001

@qu:"When reading the book, because of my own area of research I had a particular interest in seeing how well it covered the different Arakawa grids, the three main types of deep-ocean model, the theory of tides, the representation of sea-ice, isopycnal mixing and open boundary conditions. I was pleased to find that they were all included, which must be a first, and that the sections concerned were often excellent introductions to the subjects."
@source:--D. Webb, Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 2001, Vol. 442.

Ratings and Reviews

About the Authors

Lakshmi Kantha

Dr. Kantha graduated witha Ph.D. from M.I.T. in 1973. He then joined the John Hopkins Unversity and worked on problems related to mixing precesses in the oceans. In the 1980's his interest turned to numerical modeling of the oceans and he worked at the Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory of the Princeton University. After a brief stay at the Naval Research Laboratory at Stennis Space Center in Mississippi, he joined the University of Colorado in 1991. He has worked closely with the Naval Oceanographic Office and the Naval Research Laboratory on operational nowcast/forecast models of the Mediterranean Sea, the Red Sea, the Yellow Sea and the Persian Gulf. He has received awards from the U.S. Navy for his assistance during Desert Storm. His current research interest is in combining satellite data such as from altimeters with comprehensive numerical ocean/atmosphere models for application to real time nowcast/forecasts of marginal seas. He holds an IPA appointment from the Naval Oceanographic Office and assist them on operational models of marginal seas.

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Colorado, Boulder, U.S.A.

Carol Clayson

Dr. Clayson graduated from the University of Colorado in 1994. Since then, she has been on the faculty at Purdue University. Her principal interests are in mixing processes, air-sea exchange and numerial models. She is a recipient of NSF Young Investigator award. She has also received awards for teaching from Purdue.

Affiliations and Expertise

Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, U.S.A.