Numerical Modelling of Masonry and Historical Structures - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780081024393

Numerical Modelling of Masonry and Historical Structures

1st Edition

From Theory to Application

Editors: Bahman Ghiassi Gabriele Milani
Paperback ISBN: 9780081024393
Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
Published Date: 1st July 2019
Page Count: 630
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Table of Contents

Part I: Seismic vulnerability analysis of masonry and historical structures
1. Seismic vulnerability analysis of historical structures
2. Seismic performance-based assessment of masonry structures (Perpetuate guidelines)
3. Nonlinear time history analysis of masonry for seismic assessment
4. Uncertainties in determining the seismic vulnerability of historic masonry buildings
5. A framework for the seismic assessment of existing masonry buildings accounting for different sources of uncertainty
6. Methods and Challenges for the Seismic Assessment of Historic Masonry Structures

Part II: Numerical modeling of unreinforced masonry
7. Mechanical properties
8. Macro-modelling technique
9. Micro-modelling technique
10. Homogenization and quasi periodic masonry
11. Limit analysis
12. DEM analysis
13. Equivalent frame modeling/macro-elements

Part III: Numerical modeling of FRP- strengthened masonry
14. FRP strengthened masonry. Delamination and numerical issues
15. Homogenization model for pushover analysis of FRP-strengthened masonry
16. Pushover analysis of FRP-strengthened masonry: long-term seismic performance simulation
17. Dynamic analysis of FRP-strengthened masonry

Part III: Modeling and analysis of TRM- strengthened masonry
18. Computational modeling of textile reinforced mortars and numerical issues
19. Homogenization model for pushover analysis of TRM-strengthened masonry
20. Macro-modeling approach forpushover analysis of TRM-strengthened masonry
21. Dynamic time-history analysis of TRM- strengthened masonry


This volume provides detailed information on the theoretical background and practical guidelines for numerical modeling of unreinforced and reinforced (strengthened) masonry and historical structures. The chapters explore the nonlinear performance simulations (nonlinear static and dynamic analysis) for seismic performance assessment. Numerical modeling of masonry structures has always been a challenging task due to their complex and highly anisotropic behavior. Selection of suitable modeling techniques and appropriate selection of input parameters from phenomenological formulas or obtaining them from experimental tests have a great influence on the numerical outputs and therefore reliability of the simulations. Numerical simulation of the performance of masonry structures after strengthening with advanced composite materials is even more challenging and complex. This latter subject is rather recent and has received less attention in the literature.

The book consists of four main sections:
(i) Seismic vulnerability analysis of masonry and historical structures
(ii) Numerical modeling of unreinforced masonry
(iii) Numerical modeling of FRP-strengthened masonry
(iv) Numerical modeling of TRM-strengthened masonry

Each section is divided into several chapters, each reflecting the theoretical background and current state of the art, and to provide practical guidelines for simulations and use of input parameters. Authors have adhered to a ‘high-level’ outline template for to ensure some degree of continuity across the volume:

  • Introduction
  • Theoretical background
  • Practical guidelines (or discussions)
  • Case studies and validation
  • Conclusions (including a discussion of research needs)

Key Features

  • Covering issues related to advanced methodologies for seismic vulnerability assessment of masonry and historical structures
  • Focus on modeling techniques used for nonlinear analysis of unreinforced masonry and strengthened masonry structures
  • Following a theory to practice approach
  • International diversity of authorship


Civil and structural engineers, materials scientists, architects and structural designers


No. of pages:
© Woodhead Publishing 2019
Woodhead Publishing
Paperback ISBN:

Ratings and Reviews

About the Editors

Bahman Ghiassi Editor

Bahman Ghiassi is a Postdoctoral researcher in the Faculty of Civil Engineering and Geosciences at Delft University of Technology (TU Delft). He received his PhD in 2013 from the University of Minho. After that, he was a postdoctoral researcher at the University of Minho for 2.5 years with an individual research fellowship grant from the Portuguese Scientific Foundation. In 2016, he received a Marie Curie individual fellowship grant to continue his research career at the TU Delft. Over the past seven years, he has been working on the short- and long-term performance of unreinforced and reinforced masonry structures through advanced numerical and experimental testing. He is also an active reviewer for several international scientific journals and scientific committees (e.g. RILEM TC 250-CSM).

Affiliations and Expertise

Faculty of Civil Engineering and Geosciences, Delft University of Technology (TU Delft), The Netherlands

Gabriele Milani Editor

Gabriele Milani has been an Associate Professor at the Politecnico di Milano since 2014; previously he was an Assistant Professor (2009-2013), Post -Doctoral Researcher at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich ETHZ (2008) and University of Ferrara (2005-2007). His research focuses on masonry modeling and safety assessment of historic masonry in seismic areas. He works on FEM limit analysis, rubber vulcanization and seismic isolation. He has been awarded with the Telford Premium (2012) award by ICE, the Bathe Award (2014) and the most cited author diploma for a paper in Computers and Structures (2006). He has co-authored more than 120 ISI papers and is the 2nd most highly cited author in Scopus under the keyword “masonry”. He is the EIC of a Journal dedicated to masonry (International Journal of Masonry Research and Innovation) and co-editor of a Scopus journal generalist for civil engineering.

Affiliations and Expertise

Associate Professor, Politecnico di Milano, Italy