Nuclear Spectroscopy - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9781483230641, 9781483275819

Nuclear Spectroscopy

1st Edition

Editors: Fay Ajzenberg-Selove
eBook ISBN: 9781483275819
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1960
Page Count: 541
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Description

Nuclear Spectroscopy, Part B focuses on the ways in which experimental data may be analyzed to furnish information about nuclear parameters and nuclear models in terms of which the data are interpreted.

This book discusses the elastic and inelastic potential scattering amplitudes, role of beta decay in nuclear physics, and general selection rules for electromagnetic transitions. The nuclear shell model, fundamental coupling procedure, vibrational spectra, and empirical determination of the complex potential are also covered.

This publication is suitable for graduate students preparing for experimental research in nuclear spectroscopy, students who have completed graduate-level courses in quantum mechanics and nuclear physics, and specialists who wish to acquire a broader understanding of nuclear spectroscopy.

Table of Contents


Contributors to Part B

Preface

Contributors to Part A

Contents of Part A

V. Theoretical Analysis of the Data

V. A. The Compound Nucleus

1. Elastic and Inelastic Potential Scattering Amplitudes

2. Resonance Amplitudes for Isolated Resonances

3. Properties of the Widths

4. Total Elastic Cross Section

5. Reaction Cross Sections

6. Total Cross Section

7. Angular Distribution for Reactions

8. Angular Distribution for Elastic Scattering of Neutral Particles

9. Angular Distribution for the Elastic Scattering of Charged Particles

10. Gamma Rays in Nuclear Reactions

11. Polarization

12. Overlapping Levels

13. Many Overlapping Levels. Statistical Theory

14. Density of Levels

V. B. Direct Interactions

1. Direct Interactions in Inelastic Scattering

2. The Theory of Stripping and Pickup Reactions

V. C. Angular Correlations in Nuclear Spectroscopy

1. The Angular Correlation Process

2. Application of Angular Correlations to Specific Cases

3. Appendix: Summary of Formulas and Notations

V. D. Analysis of Beta Decay Data

1. The Role of Beta Decay in Nuclear Physics

2. Outline of the Theory

3. The Energy Distribution and Angular Correlation: Allowed Transitions

4. Analysis of the Shapes of Allowed Spectra

5. Forbidden Spectra

6. Corrections to the Spectral Shapes

7. ft Values

8. Failure of Parity Conservation

9. Orbital Capture

V. E. Analysis of Internal Conversion Data

1. Definition of the Process

2. The Selection Rules. Mixtures of Multipoles

3. The Calculation of Internal Conversion Coefficients

4. Numerical Values of Internal Conversion Coefficients

V. F. Analysis of Gamma Decay Data

1. Modes of De-Excitation

2. General Selection Rules for Electromagnetic Transitions

3. Internal Conversion

4. Nomenclature

5. Isotopic Spin Selection Rules

6. Units of Transition Strength

7. The Independent-Particle Model

8. Methods of Observation

9. Empirical Data: The Light Elements

10. Empirical Data: The Heavy Elements

11. Special Selection Rules

12. Branching Ratios

13. Sum Rules

V. G. The Analysis of Reduced Widths

1. Single-Particle Widths

2. Selection Rules

3. Quantitative Analysis via the Shell Model

4. Miscellaneous Considerations

V. H. Isotopic Spin Selection Rules

1. Isotopic Spin Vector Operator

2. Isotopic Spin of Nuclear States

3. Coulomb Perturbation of Isotopic Spin States

4. Nuclear Reactions

5. Validity of the Isotopic Spin Quantum Number

VI. Nuclear Models

VI. A. The Nuclear Shell Model

1. Evidence for Magic Numbers

2. The Shell Model

VI. B. Nuclear Coupling Schemes

1. Fundamental Coupling Procedure

2. Many-Particle Spectra

3. Intermediate Coupling in Light Nuclei

VI. C. Collective Motion and Nuclear Spectra

1. Vibrational Spectra

2. Deformed Nuclei

3. A Survey of the Low-Energy Nuclear Spectra

VI. D. The Complex Potential Model

1. The Average Cross Sections and Average Wave Amplitudes

2. Empirical Determination of the Complex Potential

Appendixes

Appendix I. Physical Constants

Appendix II. Table of Isotopes

Author Index (Part B)

Subject Index (Parts A and B)

Details

No. of pages:
541
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1960
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9781483275819

About the Editor

Fay Ajzenberg-Selove