Nuclear Spectroscopy - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9781483230634, 9781483275802

Nuclear Spectroscopy

1st Edition

Editors: Fay Ajzenberg-Selove
eBook ISBN: 9781483275802
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1960
Page Count: 644
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Description

Nuclear Spectroscopy, Part A deals with the experimental and theoretical techniques involved in nuclear spectroscopy.

This book discusses the interactions of charged particles with matter, gaseous ionization detectors, and particular mass attenuation coefficients. The magnetic gamma-ray spectrometers for photo or internal-conversion electrons, general characteristics of cross-section variation with energy, and measurement of fast neutron spectra are also elaborated. This text likewise covers the elastic scattering of photons by nuclei and measurement of widths of gamma-radiating levels.

This publication is recommended for graduate students preparing for experimental research in nuclear spectroscopy, students who have completed graduate-level courses in quantum mechanics and nuclear physics, and specialists who wish to acquire a broader understanding of nuclear spectroscopy.

Table of Contents


Contributors to Part A

Preface

Contributors to Part B

Contents of Part B

Introduction

I. The Spectroscopy of Charged Particles

I. A. The Interactions of Charged Particles with Matter

1. The Interaction of Nuclear Particles with Matter

2. The Interaction of Beta Particles with Matter

I. B. Charged-Particle Detectors

1. The Scintillation Counter

2. Gaseous Ionization Detectors

3. Other Charged-Particle Detection Techniques: Nuclear Emulsions, Bubble Chambers, Cloud Chambers, and Solid State Detectors

I. C. Measurement of Spectra

1. The Measurement of the Spectra of Charged Nuclear Particles

2. The Measurement of Beta-Ray Spectra

I. D. Charged Particle Reactions

1. Experimental Methods

2. Data Processing and Results

I. E. Radioactive Decay Schemes

1. The Study of Nuclear States Observed in Beta Decay

2. The Study of Nuclear States Observed in Alpha Decay

II. Gamma Ray Spectroscopy

I. A. The Interaction of Gamma Rays with Matter

1. Introduction

2. Photoelectric Effect

3. Compton Effect

4. Pair Production Effect

5. Particular Mass Attenuation Coefficients

II. B. The Detection of Gamma Rays and the Measurement of Gamma-Ray Spectra

1. The Ionization Chamber, Proportional Counter, and Geiger-Müller Counter

2. Scintillation Counters and Techniques

3. Magnetic Gamma-Ray Spectrometers for Photo or Internal-Conversion Electrons

4. Magnetic Pair Spectrometers

5. Crystal Diffraction Spectroscopy

II. C. The Study of Nuclear States

1. The Gamma Decay of Bound Nuclear States

2. Gamma Rays from Unbound Nuclear States Formed by Charged-Particle Capture

3. Neutron-Capture Gamma Rays

III. Neutron Spectroscopy

III. A. The Interactions of Neutrons with Matter

1. General Characteristics of Cross-Section Variation with Energy

2. Types of Interactions

III. B. Techniques of Slow Neutron Spectroscopy

1. Neutron Spectrometers

2. Techniques of Measuring Neutron Cross Sections

III. C. Measurement of Fast Neutron Spectra

1. Gas Counters

2. Scintillators

3. Counter Telescopes

4. Time-of-Flight

5. Bubble Chambers

6. Cloud Chambers

7. Nuclear Emulsions

III. D. The Study of Bound Nuclear States

1. Discrete Spectra

2. Continuous Spectra

3. Experimental Procedures

4. Cross-Section Determinations

III. E. The Study of Unbound Nuclear States

1. Slow Neutron Resonances

2. Fast Neutron Resonances

III. F. The Neutron Threshold Method

1. Neutron Thresholds in Endothermic Reactions

2. Neutron Thresholds Leading to Excited States of Nuclei

IV. Other Topics

IV. A. Photonuclear Reactions

1. Elastic Scattering of Photons by Nuclei

2. Photon Total Absorption

3. Photoactivation

4. Photoneutrons

5. Photoprotons

6. Photoalphas

IV. B. The Measurement of Very Short Lifetimes

1. Experimental Methods for Determination of Lifetimes

2. Measurement of Widths of Gamma-Radiating Levels

3. Experimental Results

IV. C. The Measurement of Electromagnetic Moments of Nuclear States

1. Nuclear Moments and Nuclear Models

2. Interaction of Nuclear Moments with External Fields

3. Conventional Methods

4. Methods Based on the Emission of Nuclear Radiations

Author Index (Part A)

Subject Index (Part A)

Details

No. of pages:
644
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1960
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9781483275802

About the Editor

Fay Ajzenberg-Selove