Nuclear Spectroscopy and Reactions 40-A

Nuclear Spectroscopy and Reactions 40-A

1st Edition - January 1, 1974

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  • Editor: Joseph Cerny
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323146708

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Description

Nuclear Spectroscopy and Reactions, Part A covers information regarding the development of nuclear spectroscopy and its reactions, while emphasizing in-beam spectroscopy. This part specifically covers concerns regarding accelerators, specialized auxiliary equipment, and measurement techniques for charged particles and gamma rays. Organized into three major sections, this book first discusses accelerators in low- and intermediate-energy nuclear physics, and then covers electrostatic accelerators, cyclotron, and specialized accelerators. The second section covers polarized beam and targets, as well as on-line mass separations. The last section discusses the measurement of charged particle and gamma ray spectra including the detection of semiconductor radiation, large Nal, and charged particles. This book is written to primarily benefit graduate students who are engaged in research that concerns nuclear spectroscopy.

Table of Contents


  • List of Contributors

    Preface

    Contents of Other Parts

    I Accelerators in Low and Intermediate Energy Nuclear Physics

    I.A Electrostatic Accelerators

    I. Introduction

    II. General Features of Electrostatic Generators

    III. The Tandem Generator

    IV. The Tandem as a Heavy Ion Accelerator

    References

    I.B The Cyclotron

    I. History of the Cyclotron

    II. Particle Dynamics

    III. The Frequency Modulated Cyclotron

    IV. The AVF Cyclotron

    V. Cyclotron Ion Sources

    VI. AVF Cyclotrons as Research Tools

    References

    I.C Specialized Accelerators

    I.C.1 Heavy Ion Accelerators

    I.C.2 High Intensity Meson Facilities

    I.C.3 Electron Linear Accelerators

    II. Specialized auxiliary equipment

    II.A Polarization Experiments

    II.A.1 Polarized Beams

    II.A.2 Polarized Targets

    II.B On-Line Mass Separation

    Introduction

    I. Direct Separation of Fast Reaction Products

    II. Separation of Stopped Fragments

    References

    II.C Techniques for the Study of Short-Lived Nuclei

    I. Introduction

    II. Rabbit Systems

    III. Gas Transport Systems

    IV. Accelerator Pulsing Techniques

    V. Fast Radiochemical Techniques

    VI. Current and Novel Approaches

    References

    III Measurement of Charged Particle and Gamma Ray Spectra

    III.A Semiconductor Radiation Detectors

    I. Introduction

    II. Radiation Absorption in Silicon and Germanium Detectors

    III. Charge Production and Collection Processes

    IV. Detector Structures and Fabrication Aspects

    V. Some Mechanical and Electronic Aspects of Semiconductor Detector Spectrometers

    VI. Some Illustrative Detector Applications

    VII. Miscellaneous Topics

    References

    III.B Large NaI Detectors

    I. Introduction

    II. Characteristics of Large NaI Crystals

    III. Detectors with Anticoincidence Shields

    IV. Electronic Circuitry

    V. Applications

    References

    III.C Magnetic Detection of Charged Particles

    I. Introduction

    II. Beam Transport Formalism

    III. Magnetic Systems

    IV. Dispersion and Kinematic Compensation

    V. Detectors

    References

    III.D Semiconductor Detector Spectrometer Electronics

    I. Examples of Spectrometer Systems

    II. Basic Considerations in Energy Measurements

    III. Design Factors in Electronic Modules for Spectroscopy

    IV. Basic Considerations in Time Measurements

    V. Design Factors in Electronic Modules for Fast Timing

    Appendices

    References

    III.E On-Line Computers in Nuclear Research

    I. Introduction

    II. Computers

    III. Functions of a Computer in a Nuclear Laboratory

    IV. Peripheral Equipment

    V. Software

    VI. Conclusions

    References

    Author Index

    Subject Index


Product details

  • No. of pages: 538
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1974
  • Published: January 1, 1974
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323146708

About the Editor

Joseph Cerny

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