Nuclear Spectroscopy and Reactions 40-A - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780121652012, 9780323146708

Nuclear Spectroscopy and Reactions 40-A

1st Edition

Editors: Joseph Cerny
eBook ISBN: 9780323146708
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1974
Page Count: 538
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Description

Nuclear Spectroscopy and Reactions, Part A covers information regarding the development of nuclear spectroscopy and its reactions, while emphasizing in-beam spectroscopy. This part specifically covers concerns regarding accelerators, specialized auxiliary equipment, and measurement techniques for charged particles and gamma rays. Organized into three major sections, this book first discusses accelerators in low- and intermediate-energy nuclear physics, and then covers electrostatic accelerators, cyclotron, and specialized accelerators. The second section covers polarized beam and targets, as well as on-line mass separations. The last section discusses the measurement of charged particle and gamma ray spectra including the detection of semiconductor radiation, large Nal, and charged particles. This book is written to primarily benefit graduate students who are engaged in research that concerns nuclear spectroscopy.

Table of Contents


List of Contributors

Preface

Contents of Other Parts

I Accelerators in Low and Intermediate Energy Nuclear Physics

I.A Electrostatic Accelerators

I. Introduction

II. General Features of Electrostatic Generators

III. The Tandem Generator

IV. The Tandem as a Heavy Ion Accelerator

References

I.B The Cyclotron

I. History of the Cyclotron

II. Particle Dynamics

III. The Frequency Modulated Cyclotron

IV. The AVF Cyclotron

V. Cyclotron Ion Sources

VI. AVF Cyclotrons as Research Tools

References

I.C Specialized Accelerators

I.C.1 Heavy Ion Accelerators

I.C.2 High Intensity Meson Facilities

I.C.3 Electron Linear Accelerators

II. Specialized auxiliary equipment

II.A Polarization Experiments

II.A.1 Polarized Beams

II.A.2 Polarized Targets

II.B On-Line Mass Separation

Introduction

I. Direct Separation of Fast Reaction Products

II. Separation of Stopped Fragments

References

II.C Techniques for the Study of Short-Lived Nuclei

I. Introduction

II. Rabbit Systems

III. Gas Transport Systems

IV. Accelerator Pulsing Techniques

V. Fast Radiochemical Techniques

VI. Current and Novel Approaches

References

III Measurement of Charged Particle and Gamma Ray Spectra

III.A Semiconductor Radiation Detectors

I. Introduction

II. Radiation Absorption in Silicon and Germanium Detectors

III. Charge Production and Collection Processes

IV. Detector Structures and Fabrication Aspects

V. Some Mechanical and Electronic Aspects of Semiconductor Detector Spectrometers

VI. Some Illustrative Detector Applications

VII. Miscellaneous Topics

References

III.B Large NaI Detectors

I. Introduction

II. Characteristics of Large NaI Crystals

III. Detectors with Anticoincidence Shields

IV. Electronic Circuitry

V. Applications

References

III.C Magnetic Detection of Charged Particles

I. Introduction

II. Beam Transport Formalism

III. Magnetic Systems

IV. Dispersion and Kinematic Compensation

V. Detectors

References

III.D Semiconductor Detector Spectrometer Electronics

I. Examples of Spectrometer Systems

II. Basic Considerations in Energy Measurements

III. Design Factors in Electronic Modules for Spectroscopy

IV. Basic Considerations in Time Measurements

V. Design Factors in Electronic Modules for Fast Timing

Appendices

References

III.E On-Line Computers in Nuclear Research

I. Introduction

II. Computers

III. Functions of a Computer in a Nuclear Laboratory

IV. Peripheral Equipment

V. Software

VI. Conclusions

References

Author Index

Subject Index


Details

No. of pages:
538
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1974
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780323146708

About the Editor

Joseph Cerny