Nuclear Power Hazard Control Policy - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080232546, 9781483154633

Nuclear Power Hazard Control Policy

1st Edition

Authors: John C. Chicken
eBook ISBN: 9781483154633
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1982
Page Count: 282
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Description

Nuclear Power Hazard Control Policy presents an analysis of the factors that appear to have influenced the formation and form of nuclear power hazard control policy in Britain. Particular attention is directed to those political groups that have developed a special interest in the problems of nuclear power, and to the interplay between organized groupings and public opinion generally. The metamorphosis of these groupings is traced from the origins of the nuclear industry in World War II to their prominent role during the Windscale Inquiry.
This volume is comprised of nine chapters and begins with a simple account of the technical nature of nuclear hazards and of the legal and administrative framework that has been developed to control them. The subsequent chapters concentrate primarily on the influence exerted by social and political factors. Throughout the study, emphasis is given to the policy constraint imposed by increased expectations in the form of demands for higher standards of living, as well as improvements in the quality of the environment. The final chapter describes a model of the policy-making system that takes account of the consequences of variation with time in the environment surrounding the system. Appendices are included to provide a chronology of the relevant events and a summary of the administrative arrangements that various countries have made to control the safety of nuclear reactors. This monograph will be of value to policymakers concerned with the hazards of nuclear power and how to control them.

Table of Contents

Dedication

Preface

Acknowledgements

List of Figures

List of Tables

Chapter 1: Introduction

Publisher Summary

Chapter 2: The Nature of Nuclear Power Hazards

Publisher Summary

FORMS OF RADIATION

WAYS RADIATION ARISES

HARM FROM RADIATION

PROTECTION AGAINST RADIATION

COMPARISON OF RADIATION WITH OTHER HAZARDS

CONCLUSIONS

Chapter 3: Development of Nuclear Power and the Associated Policy

Publisher Summary

GROWTH OF NUCLEAR POWER

REACTOR SAFETY CRITERIA

CONCLUSIONS

Chapter 4: Legislation and Administration

Publisher Summary

CONCLUSIONS

Chapter 5: Economic Factors

Publisher Summary

SUPPLY AND DEMAND

COSTS AND BENEFITS

CONCLUSIONS

Chapter 6: Political Factors 1939–1952 The British Bomb

Publisher Summary

GROUPS

1939–1952

CONCLUSIONS

Chapter 7: Political Factors 1953–1970 Nuclear Power Arrives

Publisher Summary

1953 – 1960

1961 – 1965

1966 – 1970

CONCLUSIONS

Chapter 8: Political Factors 1971–1977 The Growth of Controversy

Publisher Summary

EVENTS ABROAD

EVENTS IN BRITAIN

CONCLUSIONS

Chapter 9: Conclusions

Publisher Summary

CRITICAL REVIEW OF CONCLUSIONS

A MODEL OF THE NUCLEAR HAZARD CONTROL POLICY MAKING PROCESS

ADEQUACY OF THE MODEL

APPENDIX I: Chronology of Events

APPENDIX II: Summary of Administrative Arrangements to Control the Safety of Nuclear Power Reactors in Seventeen Countries with Nuclear Power Reactors in Operation in 1976

APPENDIX II: Professor Fremlin’s Answer to my Questions on the Windscale Inquiry

Bibliography

Glossary

Index

Details

No. of pages:
282
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Pergamon 1982
Published:
Imprint:
Pergamon
eBook ISBN:
9781483154633

About the Author

John C. Chicken

Affiliations and Expertise

J C Consultancy Ltd, Godalming, Surrey, UK and John C Chicken Consultancy GmbH, Langenargen, FRG