Nuclear Moments - 2nd Edition - ISBN: 9781483230610, 9781483275789

Nuclear Moments

2nd Edition

Authors: H. Kopferman E. E. Schneider
Editors: H. S. W. Massey
eBook ISBN: 9781483275789
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1958
Page Count: 520
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Description

Nuclear Moments focuses on the processes, methodologies, reactions, and transformations of molecules and atoms, including magnetic resonance and nuclear moments.
The book first offers information on nuclear moments in free atoms and molecules, including theoretical foundations of hyperfine structure, isotope shift, spectra of diatomic molecules, and vector model of molecules. The manuscript then takes a look at nuclear moments in liquids and crystals. Discussions focus on nuclear paramagnetic and magnetic resonance and nuclear quadrupole resonance.
The text discusses nuclear moments and nuclear models, as well as simple conclusions from experimental data and graphical representations of nuclear models and moments. An explanation of symbols used in the manuscript is also presented.
The book is a dependable reference for readers interested in the study of nuclear moments.

Table of Contents


Contents

Author's Preface to the German Edition

Preface to the English Edition

Chapter I. Nuclear moments in free atoms

1.Survey of Experimental Methods

I.The Theoretical Foundations of Hyperfine Structure

2.Magnetic Interaction Between Atomic Nucleus and Orbital Electrons

3.Electrostatic Interaction Between the Nucleus of an Atom and its Orbital Electrons

4.The Hyperfine Structure Multiplet

5.The Effect of an External Magnetic Field on the Hyperfine Structure Multiplet

6.Perturbation Due t Mutual Interaction Between Hfs States

7.Transitions Between Hyperfine Structure Levels

II.The Determination of A,B,I,and g

A.Hyperfine Structure Investigations by Atomic Beam Methods

8.Theoretical Foundations of Atomic Beam Experiments

9.Technique of Atomic and Molecular Beam Experiments

10.Intensity Distributions in Atomic Beams

11.Older Atomic Beam Experiments

12.Rotating Magnetic Fields

13.Molecular Beam Radio-Frequency Spectrometers

14.Radio-Frequency Spectroscopy of 2S½ and 2P½ States

15.Radio-Frequency Spectroscopy of Rare Isotopes in 2S½ States

16.Radio-Frequency Spectroscopy of 2P 3/2 and other States

B.Optical Hyperfine Structure Investigations

17.The Experimental Arrangement

18.Analysis of Hyperfine Structures

19.Determination of the Nuclear Spin

20.Determination of the Sign of the Nuclear Magnetic Moment

21.Determination of A and B

22.Influence of Isotopes on the Hfs of Atomic Spectral Lines

23.Hfs Investigations with Separated Isotopes

24.The Double Resonance Method

III.The Determination of µ and Q

A.Determination of µ1 From A

25.Determination of the a-Factors for Hydrogenic Orbitals

26.Determination of the a-Factors for Alkali-Like and Earth-Like Configurations

27.The A-Factors of Alkaline Earth Like Electron Configurations. Treatment by the Correspondence Principle

28.The Magnetic Interaction Between Electrons and Nucleus by the Method of Energy Sums

29.Quantum-Mechanical Treatment of the A-Factors of Alkaline Earth-Like Electron Configurations

B.The Determination of Q From B

30.The Calculation of ϕii(0)for Alkali-Like States

31.The Calculation of ϕJJ(0)for the Electron Configurations sl

32.Discussion of Methods and Results

IV.The Isotope Shift

33.The Mass-Dependent Isotope Shift

34.Theory of the Isotope Shift of Heavy Elements

35.Screening Effects

36.Experimental Data on the Isotope Shift of Heavy Elements

37.DiscussionofResults183

Chapter II. Nuclear Moments in Free Molecules

38.Historical Survey

39.On the Spectra of Diatomic Molecules

40.The Hfs of the Rotational States of Diamagnetic Diatomic Molecules and the Effect of External Fields

41.Magnetic Molecular Beam Radio-Frequency Resonance Spectroscopy

42.Electric Molecular Beam Radio-Frequency Spectroscopy

43.The Measurement of the Magnetic Moment of the Neutron

44.The Spectra of Polyatomic Molecules

45.Microwave Spectroscopy

46.The Hfs of the Rotational Lines of Diamagnetic Molecules

47.The Zeeman Effect of the Hfs of Rotational Lines

48.Estimate of the Electric Field Gradient in Molecules

Chapter III. Nuclear Moments in Liquids and Crystals

49. Survey

I. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance

50.Theoretical Foundations of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance

51.Slow Passage Through Resonance

52.The Effect of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance on Associated Oscillatory Circuits

53.The Effect of Nuclear Quadrupole Moments on Nuclear Resonance

54.Bloch's Undamped Solution

55.On Relaxation Times

56.Spin Echos

57.Nuclear Magnetic Resonance in Metals

58.Results of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Investigations

II. Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance

59.Foundations of the Method

60.The Measurement of Pure Nuclear Quadrupole Frequencies

61.Results of Nuclear QuadrupoleResonanceInvestigations

62.The Zeeman Effect of Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance

III.Paramagnetic resonance

63.Introduction

64.The Zeeman Effect of the Electronic Ground States of Paramagnetic Ions in Crystals

65.The Hyperfine Structure of Paramagnetic Ions inCrystals

66.The Paramagnetic Resonance Experiments

Chapter IV. Nuclear Moments and Nuclear Models

67.Simple Conclusions from the Experimental Data

68.The Nuclear Shell Model

69.Comparison of the Shell Model with Experimental Results

70.The Light Nuclei

71.The Odd-Odd Nuclei

72.The Deformation of Nuclei

73.Applications of the Nuclear Models

Various Tables

Explanation of Symbol

References

Element Index

Author Index

Subject Index

Details

No. of pages:
520
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1958
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9781483275789

About the Author

H. Kopferman

E. E. Schneider

About the Editor

H. S. W. Massey