Nuclear Moments

Nuclear Moments

2nd Edition - January 1, 1958

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  • Authors: H. Kopferman, E. E. Schneider
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483275789

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Nuclear Moments focuses on the processes, methodologies, reactions, and transformations of molecules and atoms, including magnetic resonance and nuclear moments. The book first offers information on nuclear moments in free atoms and molecules, including theoretical foundations of hyperfine structure, isotope shift, spectra of diatomic molecules, and vector model of molecules. The manuscript then takes a look at nuclear moments in liquids and crystals. Discussions focus on nuclear paramagnetic and magnetic resonance and nuclear quadrupole resonance. The text discusses nuclear moments and nuclear models, as well as simple conclusions from experimental data and graphical representations of nuclear models and moments. An explanation of symbols used in the manuscript is also presented. The book is a dependable reference for readers interested in the study of nuclear moments.

Table of Contents

  • Contents

    Author's Preface to the German Edition

    Preface to the English Edition

    Chapter I. Nuclear moments in free atoms

    1.Survey of Experimental Methods

    I.The Theoretical Foundations of Hyperfine Structure

    2.Magnetic Interaction Between Atomic Nucleus and Orbital Electrons

    3.Electrostatic Interaction Between the Nucleus of an Atom and its Orbital Electrons

    4.The Hyperfine Structure Multiplet

    5.The Effect of an External Magnetic Field on the Hyperfine Structure Multiplet

    6.Perturbation Due t Mutual Interaction Between Hfs States

    7.Transitions Between Hyperfine Structure Levels

    II.The Determination of A,B,I,and g

    A.Hyperfine Structure Investigations by Atomic Beam Methods

    8.Theoretical Foundations of Atomic Beam Experiments

    9.Technique of Atomic and Molecular Beam Experiments

    10.Intensity Distributions in Atomic Beams

    11.Older Atomic Beam Experiments

    12.Rotating Magnetic Fields

    13.Molecular Beam Radio-Frequency Spectrometers

    14.Radio-Frequency Spectroscopy of 2S½ and 2P½ States

    15.Radio-Frequency Spectroscopy of Rare Isotopes in 2S½ States

    16.Radio-Frequency Spectroscopy of 2P 3/2 and other States

    B.Optical Hyperfine Structure Investigations

    17.The Experimental Arrangement

    18.Analysis of Hyperfine Structures

    19.Determination of the Nuclear Spin

    20.Determination of the Sign of the Nuclear Magnetic Moment

    21.Determination of A and B

    22.Influence of Isotopes on the Hfs of Atomic Spectral Lines

    23.Hfs Investigations with Separated Isotopes

    24.The Double Resonance Method

    III.The Determination of µ and Q

    A.Determination of µ1 From A

    25.Determination of the a-Factors for Hydrogenic Orbitals

    26.Determination of the a-Factors for Alkali-Like and Earth-Like Configurations

    27.The A-Factors of Alkaline Earth Like Electron Configurations. Treatment by the Correspondence Principle

    28.The Magnetic Interaction Between Electrons and Nucleus by the Method of Energy Sums

    29.Quantum-Mechanical Treatment of the A-Factors of Alkaline Earth-Like Electron Configurations

    B.The Determination of Q From B

    30.The Calculation of ϕii(0)for Alkali-Like States

    31.The Calculation of ϕJJ(0)for the Electron Configurations sl

    32.Discussion of Methods and Results

    IV.The Isotope Shift

    33.The Mass-Dependent Isotope Shift

    34.Theory of the Isotope Shift of Heavy Elements

    35.Screening Effects

    36.Experimental Data on the Isotope Shift of Heavy Elements


    Chapter II. Nuclear Moments in Free Molecules

    38.Historical Survey

    39.On the Spectra of Diatomic Molecules

    40.The Hfs of the Rotational States of Diamagnetic Diatomic Molecules and the Effect of External Fields

    41.Magnetic Molecular Beam Radio-Frequency Resonance Spectroscopy

    42.Electric Molecular Beam Radio-Frequency Spectroscopy

    43.The Measurement of the Magnetic Moment of the Neutron

    44.The Spectra of Polyatomic Molecules

    45.Microwave Spectroscopy

    46.The Hfs of the Rotational Lines of Diamagnetic Molecules

    47.The Zeeman Effect of the Hfs of Rotational Lines

    48.Estimate of the Electric Field Gradient in Molecules

    Chapter III. Nuclear Moments in Liquids and Crystals

    49. Survey

    I. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance

    50.Theoretical Foundations of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance

    51.Slow Passage Through Resonance

    52.The Effect of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance on Associated Oscillatory Circuits

    53.The Effect of Nuclear Quadrupole Moments on Nuclear Resonance

    54.Bloch's Undamped Solution

    55.On Relaxation Times

    56.Spin Echos

    57.Nuclear Magnetic Resonance in Metals

    58.Results of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Investigations

    II. Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance

    59.Foundations of the Method

    60.The Measurement of Pure Nuclear Quadrupole Frequencies

    61.Results of Nuclear QuadrupoleResonanceInvestigations

    62.The Zeeman Effect of Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance

    III.Paramagnetic resonance


    64.The Zeeman Effect of the Electronic Ground States of Paramagnetic Ions in Crystals

    65.The Hyperfine Structure of Paramagnetic Ions inCrystals

    66.The Paramagnetic Resonance Experiments

    Chapter IV. Nuclear Moments and Nuclear Models

    67.Simple Conclusions from the Experimental Data

    68.The Nuclear Shell Model

    69.Comparison of the Shell Model with Experimental Results

    70.The Light Nuclei

    71.The Odd-Odd Nuclei

    72.The Deformation of Nuclei

    73.Applications of the Nuclear Models

    Various Tables

    Explanation of Symbol


    Element Index

    Author Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 520
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1958
  • Published: January 1, 1958
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483275789

About the Authors

H. Kopferman

E. E. Schneider

About the Editor

H. S. W. Massey

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