Nuclear Fuel Elements

Nuclear Fuel Elements

Design, Fabrication and Performance

1st Edition - January 1, 1982

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  • Author: Brian R. T. Frost
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483155258

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Description

Nuclear Fuel Elements: Design, Fabrication and Performance is concerned with the design, fabrication, and performance of nuclear fuel elements, with emphasis on fast reactor fuel elements. Topics range from fuel types and the irradiation behavior of fuels to cladding and duct materials, fuel element design and modeling, fuel element performance testing and qualification, and the performance of water reactor fuels. Fast reactor fuel elements, research and test reactor fuel elements, and unconventional fuel elements are also covered. This volume consists of 12 chapters and begins with an overview of nuclear reactors and fuel elements, as well as fuel element design and development based on the reactor operator's approach, materials scientist's approach, and interdisciplinary approach. The reader is then introduced to different types of nuclear fuels and their irradiation behavior, considerations for using cladding and duct materials in fuel element design and development, and fuel element design and modeling. The chapters that follow focus on the testing of fuel element performance, experimental techniques and equipment for testing fuel element designs, and the performance of fuels for water reactors. Fuel elements for gas-cooled reactors, fast reactors, and research and test reactors are also described. The book concludes with an assessment of unconventional fuel elements. This book will be useful to fuel element technologists as well as materials scientists and engineers.

Table of Contents


  • Chapter 1 Introduction and Philosophy

    The Reactor Operator's Approach

    The Materials Scientist's Approach

    The Interdisciplinary Approach

    Chapter 2 Fuel Types

    Fuel Origins

    Fuel Forms

    Metal Fuels

    Metallic Dispersion Fuels

    Liquid Fuels

    Fuel Characterization

    Appendix: Phase Diagrams

    Chapter 3 Irradiation Behavior of Fuels

    Oxides

    Carbides and Nitrides

    Dispersion Fuels

    Appendix: Burn-up and Rating of Nuclear Fuels

    Chapter 4 Cladding and Duct Materials

    Design Considerations

    Commonly used Materials and Their Properties

    Compatibility

    Radiation Effects

    Chapter 5 Fuel Element Design and Modeling

    Some Sources of Data and Codes

    Chapter 6 Fuel Element Performance Testing and Qualification

    Strategies

    Post-Test Examination

    Commercialization

    Appendix: Suppliers of Specialized Equipment

    Chapter 7 Experimental Techniques and Equipment

    Out-of-Pile

    In-Pile

    Post-Irradiation Examination

    Chapter 8 Water Reactor Fuel Performance

    PWR

    BWR

    HWR

    Failure

    Failure Mechanisms

    Licensing and Regulation

    17 x 17 Fuel Surveillance Program

    Chapter 9 Gas-Cooled Reactor Fuel Elements

    Magnox

    French Gas-Graphite

    AGR

    HTGR

    Safety

    Chapter 10 Fast Reactor Fuel Elements

    Introduction

    Early Reactors

    Prototype Reactors

    Chapter 11 Research and Test Reactor Fuel Elements

    Chapter 12 Unconventional Fuel Elements

    Some Useful General References

    Tabulation of Industrial Capabilities in the USA

    Index


Product details

  • No. of pages: 284
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 1982
  • Published: January 1, 1982
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483155258

About the Author

Brian R. T. Frost

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