Nuclear Fuel Elements - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080204123, 9781483155258

Nuclear Fuel Elements

1st Edition

Design, Fabrication and Performance

Authors: Brian R. T. Frost
eBook ISBN: 9781483155258
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1982
Page Count: 284
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Description

Nuclear Fuel Elements: Design, Fabrication and Performance is concerned with the design, fabrication, and performance of nuclear fuel elements, with emphasis on fast reactor fuel elements. Topics range from fuel types and the irradiation behavior of fuels to cladding and duct materials, fuel element design and modeling, fuel element performance testing and qualification, and the performance of water reactor fuels. Fast reactor fuel elements, research and test reactor fuel elements, and unconventional fuel elements are also covered. This volume consists of 12 chapters and begins with an overview of nuclear reactors and fuel elements, as well as fuel element design and development based on the reactor operator's approach, materials scientist's approach, and interdisciplinary approach. The reader is then introduced to different types of nuclear fuels and their irradiation behavior, considerations for using cladding and duct materials in fuel element design and development, and fuel element design and modeling. The chapters that follow focus on the testing of fuel element performance, experimental techniques and equipment for testing fuel element designs, and the performance of fuels for water reactors. Fuel elements for gas-cooled reactors, fast reactors, and research and test reactors are also described. The book concludes with an assessment of unconventional fuel elements. This book will be useful to fuel element technologists as well as materials scientists and engineers.

Table of Contents


Chapter 1 Introduction and Philosophy

The Reactor Operator's Approach

The Materials Scientist's Approach

The Interdisciplinary Approach

Chapter 2 Fuel Types

Fuel Origins

Fuel Forms

Metal Fuels

Metallic Dispersion Fuels

Liquid Fuels

Fuel Characterization

Appendix: Phase Diagrams

Chapter 3 Irradiation Behavior of Fuels

Oxides

Carbides and Nitrides

Dispersion Fuels

Appendix: Burn-up and Rating of Nuclear Fuels

Chapter 4 Cladding and Duct Materials

Design Considerations

Commonly used Materials and Their Properties

Compatibility

Radiation Effects

Chapter 5 Fuel Element Design and Modeling

Some Sources of Data and Codes

Chapter 6 Fuel Element Performance Testing and Qualification

Strategies

Post-Test Examination

Commercialization

Appendix: Suppliers of Specialized Equipment

Chapter 7 Experimental Techniques and Equipment

Out-of-Pile

In-Pile

Post-Irradiation Examination

Chapter 8 Water Reactor Fuel Performance

PWR

BWR

HWR

Failure

Failure Mechanisms

Licensing and Regulation

17 x 17 Fuel Surveillance Program

Chapter 9 Gas-Cooled Reactor Fuel Elements

Magnox

French Gas-Graphite

AGR

HTGR

Safety

Chapter 10 Fast Reactor Fuel Elements

Introduction

Early Reactors

Prototype Reactors

Chapter 11 Research and Test Reactor Fuel Elements

Chapter 12 Unconventional Fuel Elements

Some Useful General References

Tabulation of Industrial Capabilities in the USA

Index


Details

No. of pages:
284
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Pergamon 1982
Published:
Imprint:
Pergamon
eBook ISBN:
9781483155258

About the Author

Brian R. T. Frost

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