Description

Once a nuclear installation has reached the end of its safe and economical operational lifetime, the need for its decommissioning arises. Different strategies can be employed for nuclear decommissioning, based on the evaluation of particular hazards and their attendant risks, as well as on the analysis of costs of clean-up and waste management. This allows for decommissioning either soon after permanent shutdown, or perhaps a long time later, the latter course allowing for radioactivity levels to drop in any activated or contaminated components. It is crucial for clear processes and best practices to be applied in decommissioning such installations and sites, particular where any significant health and environmental risks exist.

This book critically reviews the nuclear decommissioning processes and technologies applicable to nuclear power plants and other civilian nuclear facilities. Part one focuses on the fundamental planning issues in starting a nuclear decommissioning process, from principles and safety regulations, to financing and project management. Part two covers the execution phase of nuclear decommissioning projects, detailing processes and technologies such as dismantling, decontamination, and radioactive waste management, as well as environmental remediation, site clearance and reuse. Finally, part three details international experience in the decommissioning of nuclear applications, including the main nuclear reactor types and nuclear fuel cycle facilities, as well as small nuclear facilities and legacy nuclear waste sites.

Key Features

  • Critically reviews nuclear decommissioning processes and technologies applicable to nuclear power plants and other civilian nuclear facilities
  • Discusses the fundamental planning issues in starting a nuclear decommissioning process
  • Considers the execution phase of nuclear decommissioning projects, including dismantling, decontamination, and radioactive waste management, as well as environmental remediation, site clearance and reuse

Readership

Nuclear power utilities, plant operators and management personnel; plant management personnel; governmental-/regulatory-safety bodies in this field; and academics in this field (from graduate students to research professors).

Table of Contents

Contributor contact details

Woodhead Publishing Series in Energy

Preface

Dedication

Chapter 1: Introduction to nuclear decommissioning: definitions and history

Abstract:

1.1 Semantics

1.2 Definitions

1.3 Reasons for publishing this book

1.4 Planning for decommissioning

1.5 Execution

1.6 International experience

1.7 Conclusions

Part I: Planning: fundamental aspects of starting a nuclear decommissioning process

Chapter 2: Overview of nuclear decommissioning principles and approaches

Abstract:

2.1 The scale of the decommissioning industry

2.2 What is decommissioning?

2.3 Reasons for final shutdown

2.4 The no-action baseline

2.5 History and evolution

2.6 Responsibilities and interests of parties involved in decommissioning

2.7 Overview of technical and nontechnical aspects relevant to decommissioning

2.8 Future trends

2.9 Sources of further information and advice

Chapter 3: Nuclear decommissioning policy, infrastructure, strategies and project planning

Abstract:

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Decommissioning policy

3.3 Factors affecting decommissioning strategy

3.4 Options for decommissioning

3.5 The planning process

3.6 Challenges and lessons learned

3.7 Future trends

3.8 Sources of further information and advice

Chapter 4: Financing and economics of nuclear facility decommissioning

Abstract:

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Nuclear decommissioning cost estimating and financing

4.3 Recent experience in decommissioning

4.4 Funding schemes

4.5 Challenges and lessons learned

4.6 Future trends

4.7 Sources of further information and advice

Chapter 5: Characterisation of radioactive materials in redundant nuclear facilities: key issues for the de

Details

No. of pages:
856
Language:
English
Copyright:
© 2012
Published:
Imprint:
Woodhead Publishing
Print ISBN:
9780857091154
Electronic ISBN:
9780857095336

About the editor

M Laraia

Dr Michele (Mike) Laraia is a private consultant and a former Unit Leader, IAEA Waste Technology Section (1991-2011), responsible for nuclear facility decommissioning and environmental remediation. He is internationally renowned for his work in managing technical co-operation projects and developing technical publications, conferences and seminars.

Reviews

"...designed for young people and future generations in Japan and other countries that have nuclear reactors, as well as the US and Ukraine..which experienced serious nuclear accidents. I expect this book to become the bible in the field of nuclear decommissioning."--International Journal of Environmental Studies, Vol 69, Issue 4 -12

"This book critically reviews the decommissioning and decontamination processes and technologies available for rehabilitating sites used for nuclear power generation…Therefore it is a helpful reference tool for nuclear power operators, nuclear plant managers, engineers, regulators and consultants, as well as researchers and academics in this field."--International Journal for Nuclear Power, April 2014
An unprecedented book covering every technically important decommissioning field, written by international decommissioning leaders., Dr Takeshi Ishikura, Executive Research Fellow, Nuclear Power Engineering Center (NUPEC), The Institute of Applied Energy (IAE), Japan
This book provides an essential framework for all decommissioning key activities, enriched and illustrated by practical case studies. I will keep it within easy reach in my bookshelf., Dr Hans G. Riotte, Head, Radiation Protection and Radioactive Waste Management Division, OECD Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA), France
This excellent book describes the entire process of decommissioning, from planning to management to completion, in a clear and comprehensive manner. I found the detailed examples of successful projects and best practice particularly helpful., Shelly Mobbs, Eden Nuclear and Environment, UK