Nuclear Corrosion Science and Engineering

1st Edition

Editors: Damien Feron
Hardcover ISBN: 9781845697655
eBook ISBN: 9780857095343
Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
Published Date: 21st February 2012
Page Count: 1072
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Table of Contents

Contributor contact details

Woodhead Publishing Series in Energy

Preface

Part I: Introduction to corrosion in nuclear power applications

Chapter 1: Overview of corrosion engineering, science and technology

Abstract:

1.1 Introduction

1.2 Fundamentals of aqueous metallic corrosion

1.3 Forms of aqueous corrosion

1.4 Corrosion control

1.5 Metallurgical influences on corrosion

1.6 Mechanical influences on corrosion

1.9 Appendix: glossary of corrosion terms

Chapter 2: Overview of nuclear materials and nuclear corrosion science and engineering

Abstract:

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Nuclear environments

2.3 Zirconium alloys

2.4 Graphite

2.5 Carbon steels and low alloy steels

2.6 Stainless steels

2.7 Nickel alloys

2.8 Cobalt alloys

2.9 Other alloys and composites

2.10 Conclusions

Chapter 3: Understanding and mitigating corrosion in nuclear reactor systems

Abstract:

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Reactor coolant circuits

3.3 Primary coolant systems

3.4 Secondary coolant systems

3.5 Conclusion

Part II: Aqueous corrosion in nuclear power applications: fundamental science, materials and mechanisms

Chapter 4: General corrosion in nuclear reactor components and nuclear waste disposal systems

Abstract:

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Basic principles and mechanisms

4.3 Nuclear components subject to general corrosion: reactor operations

4.4 Nuclear components subject to general corrosion: back end of the fuel cycle

Chapter 5: Environmentally assisted cracking (EAC) in nuclear reactor systems and components

Abstract:

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Basic principles of environmentally assisted cracking (EAC)

5.3 Alloys and components exposed to environmentally assisted cracking (EA


Description

Corrosion of nuclear materials, i.e. the interaction between these materials and their environments, is a major issue for plant safety as well as for operation and economic competitiveness. Understanding these corrosion mechanisms, the systems and materials they affect, and the methods to accurately measure their incidence is of critical importance to the nuclear industry. Combining assessment techniques and analytical models into this understanding allows operators to predict the service life of corrosion-affected nuclear plant materials, and to apply the most appropriate maintenance and mitigation options to ensure safe long term operation.

This book critically reviews the fundamental corrosion mechanisms that affect nuclear power plants and facilities. Initial sections introduce the complex field of nuclear corrosion science, with detailed chapters on the different types of both aqueous and non aqueous corrosion mechanisms and the nuclear materials susceptible to attack from them. This is complemented by reviews of monitoring and control methodologies, as well as modelling and lifetime prediction approaches. Given that corrosion is an applied science, the final sections review corrosion issues across the range of current and next-generation nuclear reactors, and across such nuclear applications as fuel reprocessing facilities, radioactive waste storage and geological disposal systems.

With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Nuclear corrosion science and engineering is an invaluable reference for nuclear metallurgists, materials scientists and engineers, as well as nuclear facility operators, regulators and consultants, and researchers and academics in this field.

Key Features

  • Comprehensively reviews the fundamental corrosion mechanisms that affect nuclear power plants and facilities
  • Chapters assess different types of both aqueous and non aqueous corrosion mechanisms and the nuclear materials susceptible to attack from them
  • Considers monitoring and control methodologies, as well as modelling and lifetime prediction approaches

Readership

Nuclear metallurgists, materials scientists and engineers, nuclear facility operators, regulators and consultants, and researchers and academics in this field.


Details

No. of pages:
1072
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Woodhead Publishing 2012
Published:
Imprint:
Woodhead Publishing
eBook ISBN:
9780857095343
Hardcover ISBN:
9781845697655
Paperback ISBN:
9780081016343

Reviews

The reliability of nuclear power depends mostly on the unblemished integrity of its construction materials over the long term; here, their corrosion by several modes of degradation, especially stress corrosion cracking, continues to threaten reliable performance. Such fragility will continue into the future for new plants. This book considers all of the important nuclear corrosion issues and will be a great asset to operators, designers, and researchers., Roger W. Staehle, NAE, Staehle Consulting, USA
This book covers the range of nuclear reactors and provides comprehensive and systematic information on the relevant nuclear corrosion mechanisms, science and engineering., Professor Tetsuo Shoji, Long-term Materials Reliability Laboratory, Fracture and Reliability Research Institute, Tohoku University, Japan


About the Editors

Damien Feron Editor

Dr. Damien Feron is Director of Research at the Nuclear Energy Division of the Atomic Energy and Alternative Energies Commission (CEA) and Professor at the National Institute for Nuclear Science and Technology (INSTN), France. He is also Chairman of the Nuclear Corrosion Working Party (WP4) and of the Science and Technology Advisory Committee (STAC) of the European Federation of Corrosion (EFC). He is world-renowned for his leadership and research in the field of nuclear materials corrosion and its mitigation.

Affiliations and Expertise

National Institute for Nuclear Science and Technology (INSTN), France