Nuclear Corrosion Modeling

1st Edition

The Nature of CRUD

Authors: Roy Castelli
Hardcover ISBN: 9781856178020
eBook ISBN: 9781856179348
Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
Published Date: 26th August 2009
Page Count: 216
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Corrosion in nuclear power plants cause reductions in efficiency and increases in deposit build-up on plant surfaces, making for expensive maintentance and potential radiological health hazards. This book guides studies to predict and minimize corrosion, thus making nuclear power safer and more cost effective. Too often, reliance on empirical models and on-site testing of existing plants makes study and prediction of corrosive effects in nuclear reactors into a pricey and lengthy process. Introducing the experimental procedures, set up, sample preparation and computer modeling suggested in this book will save precious time and resources in a field where the significant time and expense to get and keep plants on-line are two of the chief concerns preventing broader commerical viability.

Key Features

  • The only book to focus exclusively on preventing nuclear corrosion

  • Uses computer modelling to tie together chemical engineering, civil engineering, corrosion science, and nuclear engineering into a cohesive solution to a vexing nucelar problem

  • Includes all fundamental equations, example data sets and experimental techniques


Nuclear Engineers, Nuclear Power Designers, Chemical and Civil Engineers working in the Nuclear field, Corrosion Scientists

Table of Contents

Preface Introduction Why do we care? Bounding the discussion The reactor Materials of construction pH control agents and coolant additives Clarifying the definition The analytical domain The Corrosion Source The process The form Why a double layered film? Ion site preference Kinetics Modeling the behavior A closer look at kp Elemental speciation of kp & kr The cobalt source Tramp cobalt in construction material High cobalt content alloys A place to start Framing the vision of the general equation set Mass balances Physico-chemical processes Nuclear processes Dependant variables Modeling coolant additives and pH control agents Building block fluxes for the general equation set Corrosion growth and release Particulate deposition and erosion Water Purity Practical measurements of kdp and ke Hydro-thermal crystallization/dissolution Saturated or equilibrium coolant concentrations Vanishing dependent variables Parsing the hydrothermal mass transfer Modeling of boiling phenomena Boiling enhanced hydrothermal crystallization Boiling enhanced particulate deposition Hydrothermal particulate crystallization/dissolution Saturation enhancement factor (FP) Hydrothermal particulate mass transfer coefficient Building block models for radioactive build-up and decay Effective thermal neutron production cross sections Chromite sub-layer equations Iron & nickel based alloys<BR id="CRLF"


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About the Author

Roy Castelli

Affiliations and Expertise

Lockheed Martin, Nuclear Engineer; Knolls Atomic Power Laboratory, Advisory Engineer