Nuclear Analytical Techniques in Medicine - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780444429117, 9780080875569

Nuclear Analytical Techniques in Medicine, Volume 8

1st Edition

Editors: R. Cesareo
Hardcover ISBN: 9780444429117
eBook ISBN: 9780080875569
Imprint: Elsevier Science
Published Date: 1st January 1988
Page Count: 403
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Table of Contents

1. Trace elements in biological samples (H.J.M. Bowen). Functions of trace elements. Contamination and loss before analysis. Methods of analysis and their reliability. Composition of selected tissues. Abnormal concentrations of elements in human tissues. References. 2. Photon induced X-ray emission (R. Cesareo). Atomic structure. Physical principles of X-ray fluorescence. Theoretical background for XRF-analysis. Theoretical minimum detection limits for XRF-analysis. Experimental arrangement. Biomedical applications. References. 3. Particle induced X-ray emission (PIXE) (B. Gonsior). Physical principles of PIXE. Principles of the use of PIXE for trace element analysis. Experimental arrangement. Biomedical applications. References. 4. Analysis of biological samples by X-ray attenuation measurements (R. Cesareo). Attenuation of radiation. Excitation sources. Applications of attenuation measurements in medicine. References. 5. Scattering of low energy X- or gamma monoenergetic radiation (G.E. Gigante). Incoherent (Compton) and coherent scattering of low energy X- and gamma monochromatic radiation. The inherent sources of error in photon scattering techniques. Compton scattering techniques. The coherent (Rayleigh) to Compton scattering ratio technique (R/C.T.). References. 6. ``In vitro'' activation analysis (N. Molho). Nuclear reactions. Nuclear decay. Basic equations. Instrumentation for activation analysis. Detectors. Data analysis. Absolute measurements and comparators. Major parameters affecting sensitivity. Precision and accuracy. Sampling. Radiochemistry. Applications of activation analysis to biomedical samples. References. 7. In vivo nuclear activation analysis (K.V. Ettinger). Principal techniques of IVNAA. Flux distributions in the human body for fast neutron irradiations. Neutron sources for IVNAA. The use of pulsed beams. Detection facilities. Comments on some applications of IVNAA. Concluding remarks. Appendix. Descriptions of systems in use. References. Author Index. Subject Index.


Description

1. Trace elements in biological samples (H.J.M. Bowen). Functions of trace elements. Contamination and loss before analysis. Methods of analysis and their reliability. Composition of selected tissues. Abnormal concentrations of elements in human tissues. References. 2. Photon induced X-ray emission (R. Cesareo). Atomic structure. Physical principles of X-ray fluorescence. Theoretical background for XRF-analysis. Theoretical minimum detection limits for XRF-analysis. Experimental arrangement. Biomedical applications. References. 3. Particle induced X-ray emission (PIXE) (B. Gonsior). Physical principles of PIXE. Principles of the use of PIXE for trace element analysis. Experimental arrangement. Biomedical applications. References. 4. Analysis of biological samples by X-ray attenuation measurements (R. Cesareo). Attenuation of radiation. Excitation sources. Applications of attenuation measurements in medicine. References. 5. Scattering of low energy X- or gamma monoenergetic radiation (G.E. Gigante). Incoherent (Compton) and coherent scattering of low energy X- and gamma monochromatic radiation. The inherent sources of error in photon scattering techniques. Compton scattering techniques. The coherent (Rayleigh) to Compton scattering ratio technique (R/C.T.). References. 6. ``In vitro'' activation analysis (N. Molho). Nuclear reactions. Nuclear decay. Basic equations. Instrumentation for activation analysis. Detectors. Data analysis. Absolute measurements and comparators. Major parameters affecting sensitivity. Precision and accuracy. Sampling. Radiochemistry. Applications of activation analysis to biomedical samples. References. 7. In vivo nuclear activation analysis (K.V. Ettinger). Principal techniques of IVNAA. Flux distributions in the human body for fast neutron irradiations. Neutron sources for IVNAA. The use of pulsed beams. Detection facilities. Comments on some applications of IVNAA. Concluding remarks. Appendix. Descriptions of systems in use. References. Author Index. Subject Index.


Details

No. of pages:
403
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Elsevier Science 1988
Published:
Imprint:
Elsevier Science
eBook ISBN:
9780080875569

About the Editors

R. Cesareo Editor

Affiliations and Expertise

Università degli Studi di Roma ``La Sapienza'', Rome, Italy