Novel Carbon Adsorbents

Novel Carbon Adsorbents

1st Edition - August 13, 2012

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  • Editor: J.M.D. Tascón
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780080977447
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080977454

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Following in the lineage of Adsorption by Carbons (Bottani & Tascon, 2008), this work explores current research within contemporary novel carbon adsorbents. Both basic and applied aspects are discussed for this important class of materials. The first section of the book introduces physical adsorption and carbonaceous materials, and is followed by a section concerning the fundamentals of adsorption by carbons. This leads to development of a series of theoretical concepts that serve as an introduction to the following section in which adsorption is mainly envisaged as a tool to characterize the porous texture and surface chemistry of carbons. Particular attention is paid to novel nanocarbons, and the electrochemistry of adsorption by carbons is also addressed. Finally, several important technological applications of gas and liquid adsorption by carbons in areas such as environmental protection and energy storage constitute the last section of the book.

Key Features

  • Encompasses fundamental science of adsorption by carbons, in one location, supporting current R&D without extensive literature review
  • Describes adsorption as it is currently applied to major novel types of carbon materials, including carbon gels, carbide-derived carbons, zeolite-templated carbvons, hydrothermal carbons, carbon nanohorns and graphene
  • Specific discussion of fuel storage, environmental remediation and biomedical applications, of contemporary interest to many surface chemists and applications-focused researchers


Graduate-level researchers working in the field of carbon materials and adsorption, with some process engineers, chemists, physicists and corporate research scientists

Table of Contents

  • Preface



    PART I: Introduction

    Chapter 1. Novel Nanocarbons for Adsorption

    1.1 Introduction

    1.2 General Aspects of Carbon Nanostructures

    1.3 Adsorption on Carbon Nanomaterials

    1.4 Biological Systems Adsorbed on Carbon Nanomaterials

    1.5 Adsorption of Heavy-Metals on Modified Carbon Nanomaterials

    1.6 Carbon Dioxide Uptake on Carbon Nanostructures

    1.7 Conclusions



    PART II: Recent Developments in Theory

    Chapter 2. Accessibility of Gases and Liquids in Carbons

    2.1 Introduction

    2.2 Experimental Background

    2.3 Percolation Theory-Based View of Accessibility

    2.4 Atomistic Modeling of Accessibility

    2.5 Open Loop Hysteresis

    2.6 Conclusions


    Chapter 3. Virtual Porous Carbons

    3.1 Introduction

    3.2 VPC Models

    3.3 Simulation Details

    3.4 Results

    3.5 Summary and Perspectives



    PART III: New Characterization Methodologies

    Chapter 4. Advanced Physical Adsorption Characterization of Nanoporous Carbons

    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 Experimental Aspects

    4.3 Adsorption Mechanism

    4.4 Aspects of Surface Area Assessment

    4.5 Pore Size and Porosity Analysis

    4.6 Conclusions



    Chapter 5. Water Adsorption by Carbons. Hydrophobicity and Hydrophilicity

    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 Water Adsorption Isotherms

    5.3 Surface Chemistry

    5.4 Kinetics of Water Adsorption

    5.5 Coadsorption of Water in Multicomponent Vapor Systems

    5.6 Concluding Remarks



    Chapter 6. The Basicity of Carbons

    6.1 Introduction

    6.2 The 6 WS of Carbon Basicity

    6.3 Oxygen-Containing Basic Groups

    6.4 Heteroatom (Other than Oxygen) Functional Groups

    6.5 Basic Sites on Carbon Atoms of the Basal Plane and Graphene Edges

    6.6 Inorganic (or Mineral) Matter

    6.7 Conclusions (and Some Open Questions)


    PART IV: Adsorption by Novel Carbon Types

    Chapter 7. Adsorption by Carbon Gels

    7.1 Introduction to Carbon Gels

    7.2 Adsorption for Porosity Characterization

    7.3 Adsorption in the Gas Phase

    7.4 Adsorption in the Liquid Phase

    7.5 Conclusions



    Chapter 8. Adsorption by Phosphorus-Containing Carbons

    8.1 Introduction

    8.2 Methods of Phosphorus Introduction

    8.3 Chemical State of Phosphorus Heteroatoms

    8.4 Adsorption by Phosphorus-Containing Carbons

    8.5 Conclusions



    Chapter 9. Porous Carbide-Derived Carbons

    9.1 Introduction

    9.2 Processing of Porous Carbide-Derived Carbons (CDCS) using Fibrous Carbide Templates

    9.3 Characterization of the Porous CDCS

    9.4 CDCS with Enhanced Porosity by Post-Synthesis Treatment in Carbon Dioxide

    9.5 Concluding Remarks



    Chapter 10. Zeolite-Templated Carbon – Its Unique Characteristics and Applications

    10.1 Introduction

    10.2 Synthesis Method

    10.3 Structure of ZTC

    10.4 Molecular Structure of ZTC

    10.5 Application for Hydrogen Storage

    10.6 Application for Electrical Double-Layer Capacitors

    10.7 General Conclusion and Perspectives



    Chapter 11. Adsorption by Soft-Templated Carbons

    11.1 Introduction

    11.2 Overview of Methods Used to Synthesize Ordered Mesoporous Carbons

    11.3 Tailoring Porosity of Carbon Adsorbents

    11.4 Surface Modification of Mesoporous Carbon Materials

    11.5 Macroscopic Morphologies of Soft-Templated Carbons

    11.6 Summary and Outlook



    Chapter 12. Hydrothermal Carbons: Synthesis, Characterization, and Applications

    12.1 Introduction

    12.2 Formation Mechanism and Final Chemical Structure of HTC Materials

    12.3 Porous HTC Materials

    12.4 Functionalization of HTC Materials

    12.5 HTC Nanocomposites

    12.6 Applications of HTC

    12.7 Conclusions


    Chapter 13. Porosity and Adsorption Properties of Single-Wall Carbon Nanohorn

    13.1 Single-Walled Carbon Nanohorn as One of Carbon Nanotubilites

    13.2 Nanoporosity

    13.3 Adsorption of Molecules on SWCNH

    13.4 Adsorption of Quantum Fluid

    13.5 Nanoscale Materials Growth Fields

    13.6 Conclusion



    Chapter 14. Adsorption Behaviors of Graphene and Graphene-related Materials

    14.1 Introduction

    14.2 Preparation Methods

    14.3 Adsorption Behaviors

    14.4 Summary


    PART V: Emerging Applications of Adsorption by Carbons

    Chapter 15. Porous Texture Versus Surface Chemistry in Applications of Adsorption by Carbons

    15.1 Introduction

    15.2 Carbon Materials

    15.3 Adsorption of Organic Compounds

    15.4 Adsorption of Inorganic Compounds

    15.5 Conclusions



    Chapter 16. Catalytic Removal of Water-Solved Aromatic Compounds by Carbon-Based Materials

    16.1 Introduction

    16.2 Properties of Carbon Materials in Relation to their Applications in Heterogeneous Catalysis

    16.3 Applications of Carbon Materials for Removing Organic Aromatic Compounds Contained in Polluted Waters

    16.4 Future Prospects and Outlook


    Chapter 17. Photochemical Behavior of Carbon Adsorbents

    17.1 Introduction

    17.2 Fundamentals of Semiconductor Photocatalysis

    17.3 Role of Carbon on Photocatalysis

    17.4 Conclusions



    Chapter 18. Carbon-based Catalyst Support in Fuel Cell Applications

    18.1 Introduction: Fuel Cells and Carbons: Why Carbon is Indispensable in Fuel Cells?

    18.2 Conventional Carbons in Fuel Cells

    18.3 Novel Carbon Materials: Mesoporous Carbon and Carbon Nanomaterials

    18.4 Heteroatom-doped Carbons and Carbon-based Materials

    18.5 Summary, Perspectives, and Further Directions


    Chapter 19. Novel Carbon Materials for CO2 Adsorption

    19.1 Introduction

    19.2 Porous Carbon Materials as CO2 Adsorbents

    19.3 Final Remarks


    Chapter 20. Nonenvironmental Industrial Applications of Activated Carbon Adsorption

    20.1 Activated Carbon as a Decolorizer and a Purifier

    20.2 Activated Carbon as a Deodorizer

    20.3 Activated Carbon Adsorption in Nuclear Technology

    20.4 Activated Carbon in Vacuum Technology

    20.5 Activated Carbon in Gas Chromatography

    20.6 Application of Activated Carbon as Ion Exchanger

    20.7 Activated Carbons as Porous Electrodes

    20.8 Activated Carbon Application in the Refining of Mineral Oil and Gasoline

    20.9 Activated Carbon Applications for Human Body Protection

    20.10 Activated Carbon for Recovery

    20.11 Activated Carbon Applications in Wastewater Treatment

    20.12 Activated Carbon Applications in Catalysis


    Chapter 21. Biomedical Applications of Carbon Adsorbents

    21.1 Introduction

    21.2 Oral Activated Carbon (Enterosorbent) in Poisoning and Beyond

    21.3 Activated Carbon in Hemoperfusion

    21.4 Activated Carbon Adsorbents for Use in CBRN Incidents

    21.5 Activated Carbon Materials for Wound Dressings

    21.6 Conclusions




Product details

  • No. of pages: 600
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2012
  • Published: August 13, 2012
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780080977447
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080977454

About the Editor

J.M.D. Tascón

J.M.D. Tascón
Juan M. D. Tascón graduated in Chemistry from University of Oviedo, Spain and in 1981 received a Doctor degree from Complutense University, Madrid. With the only exception of two postdoctoral stays, one in Belgium (Univ. of Louvain, with Prof. B. Delmon) and another in the USA (New York University, with Prof. M.J.D. Low) he has spent his entire career at the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), first at the Institute of Catalysis and Petrochemistry (Madrid), and, from 1985 on, at the National Carbon Institute (Oviedo) where he is now a Research Professor and Director. His work has been mainly focused on the surface properties of carbon materials such as carbon fibers, activated carbons (and porous carbons in general) and, lately, graphene. He has published over 250 papers in refereed journals and has edited three books. Juan is serving in the advisory editorial boards of Fuel, Journal of the Argentine Chemical Society and Recent Patents on Materials Science, and is an Editor of Carbon since 2012.

Affiliations and Expertise

Instituto Nacional del Carbon, SIC, Oviedo, Spain

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