Description

Following in the lineage of Adsorption by Carbons (Bottani & Tascon, 2008), this work explores current research within contemporary novel carbon adsorbents. Both basic and applied aspects are discussed for this important class of materials. The first section of the book introduces physical adsorption and carbonaceous materials, and is followed by a section concerning the fundamentals of adsorption by carbons. This leads to development of a series of theoretical concepts that serve as an introduction to the following section in which adsorption is mainly envisaged as a tool to characterize the porous texture and surface chemistry of carbons. Particular attention is paid to novel nanocarbons, and the electrochemistry of adsorption by carbons is also addressed. Finally, several important technological applications of gas and liquid adsorption by carbons in areas such as environmental protection and energy storage constitute the last section of the book.

Key Features

    • Encompasses fundamental science of adsorption by carbons, in one location, supporting current R&D without extensive literature review
    • Describes adsorption as it is currently applied to major novel types of carbon materials, including carbon gels, carbide-derived carbons, zeolite-templated carbvons, hydrothermal carbons, carbon nanohorns and graphene
    • Specific discussion of fuel storage, environmental remediation and biomedical applications, of contemporary interest to many surface chemists and applications-focused researchers

    Readership

    Graduate-level researchers working in the field of carbon materials and adsorption, with some process engineers, chemists, physicists and corporate research scientists.

    Table of Contents

    Preface

    Foreword

    Contributors

    PART I: Introduction

    Chapter 1. Novel Nanocarbons for Adsorption

    1.1 Introduction

    1.2 General Aspects of Carbon Nanostructures

    1.3 Adsorption on Carbon Nanomaterials

    1.4 Biological Systems Adsorbed on Carbon Nanomaterials

    1.5 Adsorption of Heavy-Metals on Modified Carbon Nanomaterials

    1.6 Carbon Dioxide Uptake on Carbon Nanostructures

    1.7 Conclusions

    Acknowledgments

    REFERENCES

    PART II: Recent Developments in Theory

    Chapter 2. Accessibility of Gases and Liquids in Carbons

    2.1 Introduction

    2.2 Experimental Background

    2.3 Percolation Theory-Based View of Accessibility

    2.4 Atomistic Modeling of Accessibility

    2.5 Open Loop Hysteresis

    2.6 Conclusions

    REFERENCES

    Chapter 3. Virtual Porous Carbons

    3.1 Introduction

    3.2 VPC Models

    3.3 Simulation Details

    3.4 Results

    3.5 Summary and Perspectives

    Acknowledgments

    REFERENCES

    PART III: New Characterization Methodologies

    Chapter 4. Advanced Physical Adsorption Characterization of Nanoporous Carbons

    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 Experimental Aspects

    4.3 Adsorption Mechanism

    4.4 Aspects of Surface Area Assessment

    4.5 Pore Size and Porosity Analysis

    4.6 Conclusions

    Acknowledgment

    REFERENCES

    Chapter 5. Water Adsorption by Carbons. Hydrophobicity and Hydrophilicity

    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 Water Adsorption Isotherms

    5.3 Surface Chemistry

    5.4 Kinetics of Water Adsorption

    5.5 Coadsorption of Water in Multicomponent Vapor Systems

    5.6 Concluding Remarks

    Acknowledgments

    REFERENCES

    Chapter 6. The Basicity of Carbons

    6.1 Introduction

    6.2 The 6 WS of Carbon Basicity

    6.3 Oxygen-Containing Basic Groups

    6.

    Details

    No. of pages:
    600
    Language:
    English
    Copyright:
    © 2012
    Published:
    Imprint:
    Elsevier
    Print ISBN:
    9780080977447
    Electronic ISBN:
    9780080977454

    About the author

    Juan Tascón

    Juan M. D. Tascón graduated in Chemistry from University of Oviedo, Spain and in 1981 received a Doctor degree from Complutense University, Madrid. With the only exception of two postdoctoral stays, one in Belgium (Univ. of Louvain, with Prof. B. Delmon) and another in the USA (New York University, with Prof. M.J.D. Low) he has spent his entire career at the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), first at the Institute of Catalysis and Petrochemistry (Madrid), and, from 1985 on, at the National Carbon Institute (Oviedo) where he is now a Research Professor and Director. His work has been mainly focused on the surface properties of carbon materials such as carbon fibers, activated carbons (and porous carbons in general) and, lately, graphene. He has published over 250 papers in refereed journals and has edited three books. Juan is serving in the advisory editorial boards of Fuel, Journal of the Argentine Chemical Society and Recent Patents on Materials Science, and is an Editor of Carbon since 2012.

    Affiliations and Expertise

    Instituto Nacional del Carbon, SIC, Oviedo, Spain

    Reviews

    "The adsorption of carbon is not the issue, but the use of carbon-based materials to adsorb other substances. Chemists and materials scientists cover recent developments in theory, new characterization methodologies, adsorption by novel carbon types, and emerging applications."--Reference & Research Book News, October 2013