Normal Personality Processes

Normal Personality Processes

Progress in Experimental Personality Research

1st Edition - June 28, 1982

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  • Editors: Brendan A. Maher, Winifred B. Maher
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483219257

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Description

Progress in Experimental Personality Research, Volume 11: Normal Personality Processes focuses on the experimental study of normal personality, emphasizing the problems of measurement and method. This book begins with an innovative proposal for an approach to the measurement of personality, followed by an analysis of the central role that is played by the “illusory correlation” effect in human assessments of the traits of other people as well as of self. The framework for the study of personality that is based on the analysis of cognitive processes and problem of measurement validity in the assessment of behavior and personality in children are also covered. This publication concludes with a description of the state of evidence bearing on the provocative model of national differences. This volume is recommended for psychologists and specialists concerned with personality processes or psychopathology.

Table of Contents


  • Contributors

    Preface

    Contents of Previous Volumes

    The Case for an Idiothetic Psychology of Personality: A Conceptual and Empirical Foundation

    I. Introduction and Statement of Purpose

    II. The Need for an Alternative Research Strategy in Personality Psychology

    III. Toward the Interface of Cognition and Personality via Interactive Measurement

    IV. Overview and Conclusion

    References

    Fact and Artifact in Trait Perception: The Systematic Distortion Hypothesis

    I. Introduction: The Systematic Distortion Hypothesis

    II. The Systematic Distortion Hypothesis: Testing the Hypothesis

    III. The Systematic Distortion Hypothesis and Personality Structure

    IV. The Systematic Distortion Hypothesis and Implicit Personality Theory

    V. Conclusion: From Likeness to Likelihood

    References

    The Theory of Cognitive Orientation: Widening the Scope of Behavior Prediction

    I. Introduction

    II. Cognitive Orientation Theory: The Submolar Level

    III. Cognitive Orientation Theory: Determinants of Molar Behavior

    IV. Some Elements of Technique

    V. Brief Review of Former Studies

    VI. Replications of Former Studies

    VII. Predicting Behavior in Normals: New Studies

    VIII. Studies in Psychopathology

    IX. Predicting Behavior when Meaning of Situations Is Explicitly Known

    X. "Decision by Meaning": A Model of Decision Making Embedded within the Cognitive Orientation Theory

    XI. Development of Clustering

    XII. Formation and Retrieval of Beliefs

    XIII. Concluding Remarks: Prediction and Determinism

    References

    Validity of Children's Self-Reports of Psychological Qualities

    I. Introduction: The Concept of Self

    II. Study 1: Rationale

    III. Study 2: Rationale

    IV. Study 3: Rationale

    V. General Discussion

    References

    National Differences in Anxiety and Extroversion

    I. Measurement of National Differences in Anxiety and Extroversion from Demographic Data

    II. Factor Structure of Demographic Phenomena among Nations

    III. Interpretation of the Two Demographic Factors

    IV. Scoring Nations for Anxiety and Extroversion

    V. Criticisms of the Theory

    VI. Effects of World War II on National Levels of Anxiety and Extroversion

    VII. Questionnaire Data on National Differences in Anxiety and Extroversion

    VIII. Some Possible Causes of National Differences in Personality

    IX. Summary

    References

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 280
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1982
  • Published: June 28, 1982
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483219257

About the Editors

Brendan A. Maher

Winifred B. Maher

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