Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics

2nd Edition

Transport and Rate Processes in Physical, Chemical and Biological Systems

Authors: Yasar Demirel Yasar Demirel
Hardcover ISBN: 9780444530790
eBook ISBN: 9780080551364
Imprint: Elsevier Science
Published Date: 31st August 2007
Page Count: 754
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Description

Natural phenomena consist of simultaneously occurring transport processes and chemical reactions. These processes may interact with each other and lead to instabilities, fluctuations, and evolutionary systems. This book explores the unifying role of thermodynamics in natural phenomena. Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics, Second Edition analyzes the transport processes of energy, mass, and momentum transfer processes, as well as chemical reactions. It considers various processes occurring simultaneously, and provides students with more realistic analysis and modeling by accounting possible interactions between them. This second edition updates and expands on the first edition by focusing on the balance equations of mass, momentum, energy, and entropy together with the Gibbs equation for coupled processes of physical, chemical, and biological systems. Every chapter contains examples and practical problems to be solved. This book will be effective in senior and graduate education in chemical, mechanical, systems, biomedical, tissue, biological, and biological systems engineering, as well as physical, biophysical, biological, chemical, and biochemical sciences.

Key Features

  • Will help readers in understanding and modelling some of the coupled and complex systems, such as coupled transport and chemical reaction cycles in biological systems
  • Presents a unified approach for interacting processes - combines analysis of transport and rate processes
  • Introduces the theory of nonequilibrium thermodynamics and its use in simultaneously occurring transport processes and chemical reactions of physical, chemical, and biological systems
  • A useful text for students taking advanced thermodynamics courses

Readership

For graduate students in chemical, biological, mechanical, biomedical, environmental, and systems engineering programs, as well as for graduate students in biophysical and biochemical science programs. Some parts may also be beneficial for advanced students in diverse engineering programs.

Table of Contents


Chapter 1
Fundamentals of equilibrium thermodynamics 1
1.1 Introduction 1
1.2 Basic definitions 1
1.3 Reversible and irreversible processes 6
1.4 Equilibrium 8
Example 1.1 Equilibrium in subsystems 9
1.5 The fundamental equations 10
1.6 The thermodynamic laws 11
Example 1.2 Relationships between the molar heat capacities Cp and Cv 12
Example 1.3 Entropy and distribution of probability 14
1.7 Balance equations 14
1.8 Entropy and entropy production 16
Example 1.4 Entropy production and subsystems 17
Example 1.5 Entropy production in a chemical reaction in a closed system 17
Example 1.6 Entropy production in mixing 18
1.9 The Gibbs equation 20
1.10 Equations of state 22
Example 1.7 Heat capacities for real gases 22
Example 1.8 van der Waals isotherms 23
Example 1.9 Estimation of molar volume of a gas at high pressure 24
Example 1.10 Estimation of volume of a gas at high pressure using generic cubic equation of state 25
Example 1.11 Entropy of a real gas 26
Example 1.12 Chemical potential of a real gas 27
Example 1.13 Henry’s law constant 35
Example 1.14 Estimation of partial excess properties 37
Example 1.15 Binary liquid mixture phase diagrams 39
Example 1.16 Estimation of fugacity coefficients from virial equation 40
Example 1.17 Heterogeneous azeotrope 43
1.11 Thermodynamic potentials 46
1.12 Cross relations 47
1.13 Extremum principles 48
Problems 49
References 52
References for further reading 52
Chapt

Details

No. of pages:
754
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Elsevier Science 2007
Published:
Imprint:
Elsevier Science
eBook ISBN:
9780080551364
Hardcover ISBN:
9780444530790

About the Author

Yasar Demirel

Dr. Demirel graduated in 1975 from the Hacettepe University in Ankara, Turkey with Bsc and MSc degrees. He earned an ‘Advanced Chemical Engineering’ diploma from the UMIST, University of Manchester, UK in 1977, and a PhD degree in chemical engineering from the University of Birmingham, UK in 1981. He joined the faculty of the Çukurova University in Adana, Turkey as assistant professor, and promoted to associate professor in 1986. In 1993, he joined the faculty of the King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals in Dhahran Saudi Arabia where he was promoted to full professor in 2000. He carried out research and scholarly work at the University of Delaware between 1999 and 2001. He worked at Virginia Tech in Blacksburg as a visiting Professor between 2002 and 2006. Currently, he is on the faculty of the University of Nebraska, Lincoln. Dr. Demirel has accumulated teaching and research experience over the years in diverse fields of engineering. He is the associate editor-in-chief of the International Journal of Thermodynamics and member of editorial board of International Journal of Exergy. Dr. Demirel authored and co-authored three books, two book chapters, and 120 research papers. The first edition of Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics was published in 2002. After it was expanded to a graduate textbook, the second edition was published in 2007. His new book titled “Energy: Production, Conversion, Storage, Conservation, and Coupling is in press. He has obtained several awards and scholarships, and presented invited seminars.

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, USA

Yasar Demirel

Dr. Demirel graduated in 1975 from the Hacettepe University in Ankara, Turkey with Bsc and MSc degrees. He earned an ‘Advanced Chemical Engineering’ diploma from the UMIST, University of Manchester, UK in 1977, and a PhD degree in chemical engineering from the University of Birmingham, UK in 1981. He joined the faculty of the Çukurova University in Adana, Turkey as assistant professor, and promoted to associate professor in 1986. In 1993, he joined the faculty of the King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals in Dhahran Saudi Arabia where he was promoted to full professor in 2000. He carried out research and scholarly work at the University of Delaware between 1999 and 2001. He worked at Virginia Tech in Blacksburg as a visiting Professor between 2002 and 2006. Currently, he is on the faculty of the University of Nebraska, Lincoln. Dr. Demirel has accumulated teaching and research experience over the years in diverse fields of engineering. He is the associate editor-in-chief of the International Journal of Thermodynamics and member of editorial board of International Journal of Exergy. Dr. Demirel authored and co-authored three books, two book chapters, and 120 research papers. The first edition of Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics was published in 2002. After it was expanded to a graduate textbook, the second edition was published in 2007. His new book titled “Energy: Production, Conversion, Storage, Conservation, and Coupling is in press. He has obtained several awards and scholarships, and presented invited seminars.

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, USA