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Nitrogen Assessment - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780128244173

Nitrogen Assessment

1st Edition

Pakistan as a Case-Study

Editors: Tariq Aziz Abdul Wakeel Muhammad Watto Muhammad Ullah Muhammad Maqsood Aysha Kiran
Paperback ISBN: 9780128244173
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st September 2021
Page Count: 220
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Nitrogen Assessment: Pakistan as a Case-Study provides a detailed overview of issues and challenges related to nitrogen use and overuse, thus serving as a reference for researchers in Pakistan and providing important insights for other geographic regions. Excess and inefficient nitrogen use in crops and livestock sectors is polluting our rivers, seas, atmosphere, and ecosystems, contributing to climate change, hampering biodiversity, and contributing to stratospheric ozone depletion. This book covers the importance of nitrogen in relation to food security, human health, and economic stability in South Asia. It also discusses nitrogen status, sources, sinks, and drivers of nitrogen use in Pakistan, focusing on current nitrogen measures and policies.

Nitrogen pollution is one of the biggest challenges of 21st Century, and the international scientific community is beginning to recognize the significance of nitrogen pollution and to explore how to combat it. The editors’ institution, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, partners with South Asia Nitrogen Hub, which includes about 30 organizations from South Asia and UK working on nitrogen assessment, budgeting, awareness, and policy guidance, as well as possible measures to reduce nitrogen pollution.

Nitrogen Assessment: Pakistan as a Case-Study provides an important guide to this work and is written in a way that is accessible to an audience with a wide range of experience from advanced students to seasoned researchers.

Key Features

  • Presents an excellent compilation of research-based findings in the first comprehensive assessment of nitrogen use in Pakistan
  • Offers a detailed and comprehensive compilation of data and content from a variety of sources
  • Analyzes important translational insights for other geographic regions seeking to maximize nutrient use efficiency


Researchers and advanced students in agricultural soil science, crop science, agricultural chemistry, and plant science

Table of Contents

1. Re-thinking Nitrogen Use: Need to Plan Beyond Present
• Nitrogen and Food Security
• Nitrogen pollution as a Global Challenge
• Global actions towards N pollution
• Pakistan’s N use and issues

2. Sources of Nitrogen for Crop Growth: Pakistan’s Case
• Nitrogen Sources
• Organic N Sources
• Inorganic N Sources
• Available options

3. Nitrogen sinks in agro-food systems of Pakistan

• Nitrogen Sinks
• Soil, Air and Water as Sink
• Crop uptake
• Livestock Sector

4. Drivers of increased Nitrogen Use

• Population
• Food and feed crop production
• Urbanization, dietary patterns
• Land use, Energy and Industry Sector

5. Trends in Nitrogen Use and Development in Pakistan
• Chemical Fertilizer offtake in Pakistan
• Trends in Food production and N fertilizer use
• Trends in N fertilizer use considering agricultural interventions
• Future N research trends in Pakistan

6. Mitigation and actions towards nitrogen losses in Pakistan

• Challenges and opportunities for mitigating N losses
• Nitrogen footprints: Global vs. Regional realities of N losses mitigations
• Options for NH3 mitigation, NO3 leaching mitigation and NOx mitigation
• On-farm technologies and practices to improve NUE
• Towards managing agricultural soils to mitigate N losses

7. Pathways to sustainable nitrogen use and management in Pakistan
• Nitrogen use and challenges
• Nitrogen use and management status in Pakistan
• Current policies related to nitrogen use in Pakistan
• Way forward for sustainable nitrogen management (SNM)
• Pakistan’s needs


No. of pages:
© Academic Press 2021
1st September 2021
Academic Press
Paperback ISBN:

About the Editors

Tariq Aziz

Dr. Tariq Aziz is an associate professor of soil science and the Principal of Sub Campus Depalpur Okara, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan. He also holds an honorary position of Adjunct Faculty at University of Western Australia, Perth, Australia. Dr Aziz received his Ph.D. from the University of Agriculture his post-doctorate from the School of Plant Biology at the University of Western Australia. His research interests focus on exploitation of genetic variability of agronomic crops against abiotic stresses, particularly nutrient deficiency stress and nutrient use efficiencies. He is a project lead partner of South Asia Nitrogen Hub, an internation project established in 2019. Dr. Aziz has won Best Research Paper Award twice from the Higher Education Commission of Pakistan and also won the Research Productivity Award from Pakistan Council of Science and Technology.

Affiliations and Expertise

Sub-Campus Depalpur Okara, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Faisalabad, Pakistan

Abdul Wakeel

Dr. Abdul Wakeel received his PhD in plant nutrition from Justus Liebig University, Giessen, Germany, followed by 2 years of post-doctorate before joining the university. He focuses on soil fertility management and nutritional physiology of plants, and is working on biofortification and global health. He organized a workshop on biofortification of staple crops funded by the British Council and invited a number of researchers from the UK to highlight the research aspects in biofortification to secure global health. He edited a special issue of Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems targeting biofortification in developing countries. Dr. Wakeel represents Pakistan as Principle Investigator in the Global Challenges Research Fund's South Asian Nitrogen Hub, established to assess the reactive nitrogen losses and its management.

Affiliations and Expertise

Institute of Soil and Environmental Sciences, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan

Muhammad Watto

Dr. Muhammad Arif Watto received his Ph.D. degree from the School of Agricultural and Resource Economics, University of Western Australia (UWA), Perth, Australia under the UWA Ad Hoc University of Agriculture, Faisalabad Pakistan Programme and the Faculty Development Programme of the University of Agriculture. His major research interests focus on environmental extension, governance, and policy. He previously worked with the Hindu Kush Himalayan Monitoring and Assessment Programme (HIMAP) and currently working with FAO and ICIMOD on developing a policy brief on sustainable groundwater management. Dr Watto has also collaborated with ACIAR, Australia, Sustainable Development Policy Institute, Pakistan, and Swiss National Centre for Competence in Research for various agricultural and environmental projects. Dr. Watto is engaged in two GCRF-funded projects including “South Asia Nitrogen Hub Policy Arena.”

Affiliations and Expertise

Sub-Campus Depalpur Okara, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan

Muhammad Ullah

Dr. Sana Ullah holds a Ph. D. degree in soil fertility and biochemistry from the University of Paris VI, Paris, France and a post doctorate under the Alexander von Humboldt post-doc fellowship. He is an associate professor at the Institute of Soil and Environmental Sciences, the University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan. His research interests include soil fertility, biochemistry, and carbon and nitrogen dynamics under the changing climate. Dr. Ullah has published in international and national journals and is a team member of the South Asia Nitrogen Hub, project where he focuses on nitrogen emissions.

Affiliations and Expertise

Institute of Soil and Environmental Sciences, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan

Muhammad Maqsood

Dr. Muhammad Aamer Maqsood is an associate professor at the Institute of Soil and Environmental Sciences, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan. He specializes in soil fertility and plant nutrition. He received a Ph.D. in soil science from the Institute of University of Agriculture. He completed his post-doctorate at the University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon , Canada, funded by the ADF and NSERC, Canada. Dr. Maqsood received the Research Productivity Award from the Pakistan Council for Science and Technology, Ministry of Science and Technology, Pakistan in 2011 and 2012. He has successfully completed three research projects funded by national and international organizations and is working on experimental testing of genetic solution for improving NUE across South Asia under the South Asian Nitrogen Hub project.

Affiliations and Expertise

Institute of Soil and Environmental Sciences, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan

Aysha Kiran

Dr. Aysha Kiran received her PhD in natural sciences in 2014 from Justus Liebig University, Giessen, Germany. Her PhD project focused on genome wide association mapping for root system architectural traits and digital gene expression profiling of rapeseed developing seeds, funded by the German Research Foundation. She joined University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan as assistant professor in 2015.She has supervised about 33 Master research theses and has six PhD students under her supervision. Her work has multiple focuses including optimising root system phenotyping in different crops under saline, drought, and nutrient-variable conditions by understanding mechanisms involved in the uptake, translocation, and assimilation of nutrients specifically Fe, Zn and N. She is co-lead in South Asian Nitrogen Hub, an UKRI-funded project, where her research focuses on genetics of nitrogen use efficiency.

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Botany, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan

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