Nitric Oxide

Nitric Oxide

Biology and Pathobiology

1st Edition - August 28, 2000

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  • Editor: Louis Ignarro
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080525037

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Nitric oxide (NO) is a gas that transmits signals in an organism. Signal transmission by a gas that is produced by one cell and which penetrates through membranes and regulates the function of another cell represents an entirely new principle for signaling in biological systems. NO is a signal molecule of key importance for the cardiovascular system acting as a regulator of blood pressure and as a gatekeeper of blood flow to different organs. NO also exerts a series of other functions, such as acting a signal molecule in the nervous system and as a weapon against infections. NO is present in most living creatures and made by many different types of cells. NO research has led to new treatments for treating heart as well as lung diseases, shock, and impotence. Scientists are currently testing whether NO can be used to stop the growth of cancerous tumors, since the gas can induce programmed cell death, apoptosis. This book is the first comprehensive text on nitric oxide to cover all aspects--basic biology, chemistry, pathobiology, effects on various disease states, and therapeutic implications.

Key Features

  • Edited by Nobel Laureate Louis J. Ignarro, editor of the Academic Press journal, Nitric Oxide
  • Authored by world experts on nitric oxide
  • Includes an overview of basic principles of biology and chemical biology
  • Covers principles of pathobiology, including the nervous system, cardiovascular function, pulmonary function, and immune defense


Researchers and students in biochemistry, cell and molecular biology, neuroscience, and pharmacology; academic clinicians in dermatology, neurology, and oncology

Table of Contents

  • Contributors


    Section I Overview of Basic Principles

    Chapter 1 Introduction and Overview

    Section II Principles of Biology

    A. Chemical Biology

    Chapter 2 The Chemical Properties of Nitric Oxide and Related Nitrogen Oxides

    Chapter 3 The Chemical Biology of Nitric Oxide

    Chapter 4 The Biological Chemistry of Peroxynitrite

    Chapter 5 A Comparison of the Biological Reactivity of Nitric Oxide and Peroxynitrite

    B. Nitric Oxide Synthases

    Chapter 6 Structural Variations to Accommodate Functional Themes of the Isoforms of NO Synthases

    Chapter 7 Regulation of the Expression of Nitric Oxide Synthase Isoforms

    Chapter 8 Molecular Regulation of Inducible Nitric Oxide Synthase

    Chapter 9 Molecular Control of Endothelial Derived Nitric Oxide: A New Paradigm for Endothelial NOS Regulation by Posttranslational Modification

    C. Regulation of Nitric Oxide Production

    Chapter 10 Tetrahydrobiopterin: An Essential Cofactor of Nitric Oxide Synthase with an Elusive Role

    Chapter 11 Regulation of Arginine Availability and Its Impact on NO Synthesis

    Chapter 12 Relationship between Arginase Activity and Nitric Oxide Production

    D. Transport, Membrane Interactions, and Oxygen Transport

    Chapter 13 The Physical Properties of Nitric Oxide: Determinants of the Dynamics of NO in Tissue

    Chapter 14 Membrane Transport of Arginine and Cationic Amino Acid Analogs

    Chapter 15 The Respiratory Cycle: A Three-Gas System

    E. Nitric Oxide and Oxidative Stress

    Chapter 16 Role for Nitric Oxide and Other Radicals in Signal Transduction

    Chapter 17 Antioxidant Actions of Nitric Oxide

    Chapter 18 Mechanisms through Which Reactive Nitrogen and Oxygen Species Interact with Physiological Signaling Systems

    Chapter 19 Nitric Oxide, Oxygen Radicals, and Iron Metabolism

    Chapter 20 Redox Modulation of Iron Regulatory Proteins by Nitric Oxide and Peroxynitrite

    Chapter 21 Nitric Oxide, Oxidative Stress, and Signal Transduction

    Chapter 22 Mechanisms of Antioxidant Defense against Nitric Oxide/Peroxynitrite

    Chapter 23 Regulation of Oxygen Metabolism by Nitric Oxide

    F. Signal Transduction Mechanisms

    Chapter 24 Structure–Function Relationships in NO-Sensitive Guanylyl Cyclase

    Chapter 25 Mechanism of Activation of Soluble Guanylyl Cyclase by NO: Allosteric Regulation through Changes in Heme Coordination Geometry

    Chapter 26 Cyclic GMP-Mediated Signaling Mechanisms in Smooth Muscle

    Section III Principles of Pathobiology

    A. NO and the Nervous System

    Chapter 27 Influence of Nitric Oxide on Neuroendocrine Function and Behavior

    Chapter 28 Nitric Oxide and Cerebral Ischemia

    Chapter 29 Role of Nitric Oxide in Neuronal Protection versus Apoptosis

    Chapter 30 Nitric Oxide and Autoimmune Disease in the Nervous System: Pathobiology of Inflammation and Demyelination

    B. NO and Cardiovascular Function

    Chapter 31 Role of Nitric Oxide in the Regulation of Blood Flow

    Chapter 32 Nitric Oxide Synthase Gene Transfer

    Chapter 33 Functional Influence of Gene Transfer of Recombinant Nitric Oxide Synthase to Cardiovascular System

    Chapter 34 Nitric Oxide and Vascular Endothelial Dysfunction

    Chapter 35 Endothelium-Derived Hyperpolarizing Factor and Its Interaction with NO

    Chapter 36 Role of Nitric Oxide in Myocardial Function

    Chapter 37 Role of Nitric Oxide in the Microcirculation

    Chapter 38 Activation of NOS by Ca2+-Dependent and Ca2+-Independent Mechanisms

    C. Pathophysiological Mechanisms of Nitric Oxide

    Chapter 39 Role of Nitric Oxide in Ischemia–Reperfusion Injury

    Chapter 40 Nitric Oxide: A Critical Determinant in Ischemia–Reperfusion

    Chapter 41 Role of Nitric Oxide in Myocardial Ischemia–Reperfusion Injury

    Chapter 42 Use of Mutant Mice to Elucidate Neuroprotective and Neurotoxic Actions of Nitric Oxide in Cerebral Ischemia

    Chapter 43 Neurotoxic Actions and Mechanisms of Nitric Oxide

    Chapter 44 Role of Macrophage-Derived Nitric Oxide in Target Cell Injury

    Chapter 45 Physiological and Pathophysiological Roles of Nitric Oxide in Gastrointestinal Function

    Chapter 46 Pathophysiological Effects of High-Output Production of Nitric Oxide

    Chapter 47 Nitric Oxide and Septic Shock

    Chapter 48 Nitric Oxide and Vascular Disease

    Chapter 49 Cytotoxic Role of Nitric Oxide in Diabetes

    Chapter 50 Role of Inducible Nitric Oxide Synthase in Autoimmune or Other Immune-Mediated Diseases

    Chapter 51 Nitric Oxide and Platelet Function

    Chapter 52 Pathophysiological Roles of Nitric Oxide in Inflammation

    Chapter 53 Nitric Oxide, Chronic Joint Inflammation, and Pain

    Chapter 54 Nitric Oxide and Cancer

    D. Clinical Significance of Nitric Oxide

    Chapter 55 Vascular Nitric Oxide in Health and Disease

    Chapter 56 Clinical Therapy with Inhaled Nitric Oxide in Respiratory Diseases

    Chapter 57 Airborne Nitric Oxide in Health and Disease

    Chapter 58 Nitric Oxide and Persistent Pulmonary Hypertension in the Newborn


Product details

  • No. of pages: 1017
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2000
  • Published: August 28, 2000
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080525037

About the Editor

Louis Ignarro

Louis J. Ignarro, PhD, is Distinguished Professor Emeritus of the Department of Molecular and Medical Pharmacology at the UCLA School of Medicine. He has broad and extensive experience in the molecular and chemical biology of the nitric oxide-cyclic GMP signaling systems. He and his basic research teams have discovered and expanded the production and actions of nitric oxide in mammalian tissues, including the protective roles of nitric oxide in preventing hypertension, stroke and myocardial infarction, and its neurotransmitter role as the mediator of erectile function in humans. For these discoveries, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.

Affiliations and Expertise

Center for Health Sciences, UCLA School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA, USA

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