Ninth Symposium (International) on Combustion - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9781483227597, 9781483261577

Ninth Symposium (International) on Combustion

1st Edition

At Cornell University Ithaca, New York, August 27 to September 1, 1962

Authors: Yong Zhou
eBook ISBN: 9781483261577
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1963
Page Count: 1118
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Description

Ninth Symposium (International) on Combustion covers the proceedings of the Ninth Symposium (International) on Combustion, held at Cornell University in Ithaca, New York on August 27 to September 1, 1962, under the auspices of the Combustion Institute. The book focuses on the processes and reactions involved in combustion.
The selection first offers information on flame strength of propane-oxygen flames at low pressures in turbulent flow and mixing and flow in ducted turbulent jets. Topics include radial profile of the jetting velocity, radial growth of the jet, and mixing zones of a ducted jet. The text then elaborates on turbulent flame studies in two-dimensional open burners; turbulent mass transfer and rates of combustion in confined turbulent flames; and flame stabilization in a boundary layer.
The publication examines the theoretical study of properties of laminar steady state flames as a function of properties of their chemical components and spectra of alkali metal-organic halide flames. The text then takes a look at the thermal radiation theory for plane flame propagation in coal dust clouds; flame characteristics of the diborane-hydrazine system; and studies of the combustion of dimethyl hydrazine and related compounds.
The selection is a dependable reference for readers interested in the processes and reactions involved in combustion.

Table of Contents


Preface

The Combustion Institute

1962 Symposium Subcommittees

List of Authors

Introduction

Turbulent Gas Flames

Flame Strength of Propane-Oxygen Flames at Low Pressures in Turbulent Flow

Mixing and Flow in Ducted Turbulent Jets

Turbulent Flame Studies in Two-Dimensional Open Burners

Turbulent Mass Transfer and Rates of Combustion in Confined Turbulent Flames

Laminar Gas Flames

Further Study on Flame Stabilization in a Boundary Layer: A Mechanism of Flame Oscillations

Flame Propagation in Laminar Boundary Layers

On the Structure of Premixed and Diffusion Laminar Spherico-Symmetrical Flames

A Theoretical Study of Some Properties of Laminar Steady State Flames as a Function of Properties of their Chemical Components

High Temperature Spectroscopy

Absorption Spectra at High Temperatures. I. The Ultraviolet Spectra of Shock- Heated Cis- and Trans-l ,2-Dichloroethylene

Spectra of Alkali Metal-Organic Halide Flames

Spectral Emissivity of the 4.3ì C02 Band at 1200°K

The Emissivity of Luminous Flames

The Thermal Radiation Theory for Plane Flame Propagation in Coal Dust Clouds

Reaction Kinetics — I

Flame Characteristics of the Diborane-Hydrazine System

Magnesium-Oxygen Dilute Diffusion Flame

Studies of the Combustion of Dimethyl Hydrazine and Related Compounds

Thermal Decomposition of Wood in an Inert Atmosphere

Isotopic Carbon as a Tracer in Combustion Research

Reaction Kinetics — II

The Kinetics of the Carbon Monoxide Flame Bands

The Self-Inhibition of Gaseous Explosions

A Shock Tube Study of Ignition of Methane-Oxygen Mixtures

The Nature and Cause of Ignition of Hydrogen and Oxygen Sensitized by Nitrogen Dioxide

Hydrogen-Oxygen Reaction

Rates of Some Atomic Reactions Involving Hydrogen and Oxygen

Kinetics in Hydrogen-Air Flow Systems: I. Calculation of Ignition Delays for Hypersonic Ramjets

Kinetics in Hydrogen-Air Flow Systems: II. Calculation of Nozzle Flows for Ramjets

Catalysis of Recombination in Nonequilibrium Nozzle Flows

Energy Transfer from Hydrogen-Air Flames

Detonation and Transition to Detonation

On the Generation of a Shock Wave by Flame in an Explosive Gas

Spherical Detonations of Acetylene^Oxygen-Nitrogen Mixtures as a Function of Nature and Strength of Initiation

Direct Electrical Initiation of Freely Expanding Gaseous Detonation Waves

The Growth and Decay of Hot Spots and the Relation Between Structure and Stability

A Correlation of Impact Sensitivities by Means of the Hot Spot Model

Combustion Instability

Dynamic Characteristics of Solid Propellant Combustion

Virtual Specific Acoustic Admittance Measurements of Burning Solid Propellant Surfaces by a Resonant Tube Technique

An Experimental Study of the Aluminum Additive Role in Unstable Combustion of Solid Rocket Propellants

Participation of the Solid Phase in the Oscillatory Burning of Solid Rocket Propellants

Oscillatory Burning of Solid Composite Propellants

Combustion Involving Solids

On the Analysis of Linear Pyrolysis Experiments

Deflagration Characteristics of Ammonium Perchlorate at High Pressures

A Simple Theory of Self-Heating and its Application to the System Ammonium Perchlorate and Cuprous Oxide

Turbulent Boundary Layer Combustion in the Hybrid Rocket

An Aerothermochemical Analysis of Erosive Burning of Solid Propellant

Miscellaneous Studies

Drag Coefficients of Inert and Burning Particles Accelerating in Gas Streams

Ignition of Mixtures of Coal Dust, Methane and Air by Hot Laminar Nitrogen Jets

Discussion on Detonations

Introduction

Contribution to the Theory of the Structure of Gaseous Detonation Waves

Determination of the Detonation Wave Structure

Structure and Stability of the Square-Wave Detonation

Reaction Zone and Stability of Gaseous Detonations

Vibratory Phenomena and Instability of Self-Sustained Detonations in Gases

Optical Studies of the Structure of Gaseous Detonation Waves

General Discussions

The Onset of Detonation in a Droplet Combustion Field

Standing Detonation Waves

The Initiation and Growth of Explosion in the Condensed Phase

The Shock-to-Detonation Transition in Solid Explosives

Shock Initiation of Granular Explosives Pressed to Low Density

The Initiation of Detonation in Solid Explosives

Theory of Initiation of Detonation in Solid and Liquid Explosives

Discussion on Fundamental Flame Processes

Some Remarks on the Theory of Flame Propagation

Radical Concentrations and Reactions in a Methane-Oxygen Flame

Some Observations on the Structure of a Slow Burning Flame Supported by the Reaction between Hydrogen and Oxygen at Atmospheric Pressure

The Study of the Structure of Laminar Diffusion Flames by Optical Methods

The Decomposition of Ethylene and Ethane in Premixed Hydrocarbon-Oxygen-Hydrogen Flames

Some Observations on the Mechanism of lonization in Flames Containing Hydrocarbons

Ion and Electron Profiles in Flames

A Cyclotron Resonance Study of lonization in Low-Pressure Flames

A Study of lonization in Cyanogen Flames at Reduced Pressures by the Cyclotron Resonance Method

Fast Reactions of OH Radicals

A Study of the Reaction of Potassium with CH3Br in Crossed Molecular Beams

Atomic Flame Reactions Involving N Atoms, H Atoms and Ozone

A Kinetic Study of Hydrocarbon-Oxygen-Nitrogen Flame Systems and Molecular Weights of Chain Carriers

Combustion Studies of Single Aluminum Particles

Theory of Transport Properties of Gases

Rotational Relaxation and the Relation Between Thermal Conductivity and Viscosity for Some Nonpolar Polyatomic Gases

Homogeneous and Heterogeneous Reactions of Flame Intermediates

Colloquium on Chemical Reactions and Phase Changes in Supersonic Flow

Introduction

Rate and Radiative Transfer Processes During Flow in de Laval Nozzles

Energy Transfer Processes and Chemical Kinetics at High Temperatures

Chemical Reactions in Supersonic Nozzle Flows

Complex Chemical Kinetics in Supersonic Nozzle Flow

Condensation in Nozzles

Gas Particle Nozzle Flows

Magneto-Fluid-Dynamic Nozzle Flow

Colloquium on Modeling Principles

The Art of Partial Modeling

The Size of Flames from Natural Fires

Scale Effects on Propagation Rate of Laboratory Scale Crib Fires

A Model Study of the Interaction of Multiple Turbulent Diffusion Flames

Some Experiences in Gas Turbine Combustion Practice Using Water Flow Visualization Techniques

Modeling of Double Concentric Burning Jets

Application of the Water Traverse Technique to the Development of an Afterburner

Similarity and Scale Effects in Ramjet Combustors

Modeling Studies of Baffle-Type Combustors

Examination of the Possibility of Predicting Reaction-Rate-Controlled Flame Phenomena by the Use of Cold Models

Semitheoretical Considerations on Scaling Laws in Flame Stabilization

Modeling Techniques in Reactor Design

Flow Patterns in a Phase Change Rocket Combustion Model

Modeling Techniques for Liquid-Propellant Rocket Combustion Processes

Theoretical and Experimental Models for Unstable Rocket Combustor

Scaling Problem Associated with Unstable Burning in Solid Propellant Rockets

Colloquium on Reciprocating Engine Combustion Research

Reciprocating Engine Combustion Research. A Status Report

Knock Reaction

Organolead Antiknock Agents—Their Performance and Mode of Action

Combustion of Hydrocarbons Behind a Shock Wave

Effect of Antiknocks on Flame Propagation in a Spark Ignition Engine

Study of Burning Rate and Nature of Combustion in Diesel Engines

Flame Studies by Means of Ionization Gap in a High-Speed Spark-Ignition Engine

Classification of Fuels: Thermodynamic and Kinetic Properties in Otto Engines

Index of Authors and Discussors

Details

No. of pages:
1118
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1963
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9781483261577

About the Author

Yong Zhou

Professor Yong Zhou is a recognized expert in the field of non-linear difference equations and their applications in China. He was Editor-in-Chief of Journal of Dynamical Systems and Differential Equations over 2007-2011, and is present Guest Editor at Optimization (T&F), Nonlinear Dynamics and Journal of Vibration and Control (Sage), and at Elsevier former Guest Editor of Computers & Mathematics with Applications over 2010-2012 and Applied Mathematics and Computation over 2014-2015.

Affiliations and Expertise

Faculty of Mathematics and Computer Sciences, Zhejiang Normal University, P.R. China.