Nineteenth-Century Aether Theories - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080156743, 9781483158280

Nineteenth-Century Aether Theories

1st Edition

The Commonwealth and International Library: Selected Readings in Physics

Authors: Kenneth F. Schaffner
Editors: D. Ter Haar
eBook ISBN: 9781483158280
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1972
Page Count: 288
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Nineteenth-Century Aether Theories focuses on aether theories. The selection first offers information on the development of aether theories by taking into consideration the positions of Christiaan Huygens, Thomas Young, and Augustin Fresnel. The text then examines the elastic solid aether. Concerns include Green’s aether theory, MacCullagh's aether theory, and Kelvin's aether theory. The text also reviews Lorentz’ aether and electron theory. The development of Lorentz’ ideas of the stagnant aether and electrons; Lorentz' theorem of corresponding states and its development; and Lorentz' response to the Michelson-Morley experiment are discussed. The book discusses the relative motion of the earth and the luminiferous aether and laws of the reflection and refraction of light at the common surface of two non-crystallized media. The text also focuses on the electrical and optical phenomena in moving bodies; simplified theory of electrical and optical phenomena in moving systems; and rotational aether in its application to electromagnetism. The selection is a dependable reference for readers wanting to study aether theories.

Table of Contents

Contents Preface Part 1 I. Introduction : the Functions of the Aether II. The Historical Background of the Nineteenth-century Aether through Young and Fresnel III. Aberration from Bradley to Michelson and Morley IV. The Elastic Solid Aether V. The Electromagnetic Aether VI. Lorentz' Aether and the Electron Theory: the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies References Part 2

1. Letter from Augustin Fresnel to Francois Arago, On the Influence of the Movement of the Earth on Some Phenomena of Optics 2. On the Aberration of Light 3. On the Relative Motion of the Earth and the Luminiferous Aether 4. On the Laws of the Reflexion and Refraction of Light at the Common Surface of Two Non-crystallized Media 5. An Essay Towards a Dynamical Theory of Crystalline Reflexion and Refraction (Sections I and III) 6. On a Gyrostatic Adynamic Constitution for 'Ether' 7. On the Electromagnetic Theory of the Reflection and Refraction of Light (an extract) 8. The Rotational Ether in its Application to Electromagnetism 9. Aether and Matter (sections 49-54, 102-16) 10. An Inquiry into Electrical and Optical Phenomena in Moving Bodies (Introduction) 11. Simplified Theory of Electrical and Optical Phenomena in Moving Systems



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© Pergamon 1972
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About the Author

Kenneth F. Schaffner

About the Editor

D. Ter Haar

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