Nickel-Titanium Smart Hybrid Materials

Nickel-Titanium Smart Hybrid Materials

From Micro- to Nano-structured Alloys for Emerging Applications

1st Edition - January 26, 2022

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  • Editors: Sabu Thomas, Ajit Behera, Tuan Anh Nguyen
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323911733
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323998277

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Description

Nickel-Titanium Smart Hybrid Materials: From Micro- to Nano-structured Alloys for Emerging Applications describes advanced properties that can be adapted in NiTi-alloys. Nickel-Titanium (NiTi) systems are receiving wide demand in growing industries due to their smart, high-temperature or biocompatible behavior. These influenced behaviors are carefully described in the micro-scale and nanoscale range, with NiTi smart materials described on the basis of their shape memory effect (SME) and super-elastic (SE) properties for sensor and actuator application. This book discusses novel properties of nickel-titanium systems, helping materials scientists and engineers produce smart technologies and systems for the aeronautical, automobile, mechanical, healthcare and electronics industries.

Key Features

  • Describes the use of nanotechnology and microtechnology in nickel-titanium-based systems
  • Outlines the major properties of Nickel-Titanium Nanoalloys
  • Assesses the major challenges of manufacturing nickel-titanium nanoalloys at an industrial scale

Readership

Materials scientists and engineers

Table of Contents

  • Cover image
  • Title page
  • Table of Contents
  • Copyright
  • List of contributors
  • Foreword
  • Part I: Fundamentals
  • 1. NiTi-based smart micro- and nanoalloys: an introduction
  • Abstract
  • References
  • 2. Methods for fabrication of NiTi micro- and nanoalloys
  • Abstract
  • 2.1 Introduction
  • 2.2 Magnetron sputtering
  • 2.3 Pulsed laser deposition
  • 2.4 Electrodeposition
  • 2.5 Fabrication of NiTi micro- and nanodevices
  • 2.6 Summary
  • References
  • 3. Constitutive modeling of NiTi-based shape memory alloys
  • Abstract
  • 3.1 Introduction
  • References
  • 4. Cryo-treatment of NiTi alloys
  • Abstract
  • 4.1 Introduction
  • 4.2 Why cryogenic treatment is required for NiTi
  • 4.3 Subcooling treatment and cryogenic treatments in NiTi
  • 4.4 Microstructure and properties
  • 4.5 Influencing parameters in NiTi cryogenic processing
  • 4.6 Advantages and disadvantages of cryogenic processing
  • 4.7 Summary and perspective
  • References
  • 5. Heat treatment of NiTi alloys
  • Abstract
  • 5.1 Requirements of heat treatment
  • 5.2 Binary phase and TTT diagram of Ni-Ti
  • 5.3 How is heat treatment performed?
  • 5.4 Microstructure and phase transformation of NiTi by heat-treatment
  • 5.5 Effect of heat treatment on the mechanical properties of NiTi alloys
  • 5.6 Effect of heat treatment on corrosion resistance of NiTi alloys
  • 5.7 Heat treatment parameters
  • References
  • Part II: Micro-/nanostructures and properties
  • 6. NiTi superalloys
  • Abstract
  • 6.1 Introduction
  • 6.2 History
  • 6.3 Alloying elements and their importance
  • 6.4 Phases of NiTi superalloys
  • 6.5 Mechanisms of strengthening
  • 6.6 Manufacturing processes for NiTi superalloys
  • 6.7 Applications
  • 6.8 Summary and future scopes
  • References
  • 7. NiTi-based ternary shape-memory alloys
  • Abstract
  • 7.1 Introduction
  • 7.2 NiTi phase diagram
  • 7.3 Factors affecting the phase transformation temperatures
  • 7.4 NiTi production methods
  • 7.5 Effect of ternary additions
  • 7.6 Conclusions and future scope
  • References
  • 8. NiTi superhydrophobic materials
  • Abstract
  • 8.1 Superhydrophobicity: science from nature
  • 8.2 Nomenclature
  • 8.3 Basic concepts
  • 8.4 Processes for the preparation of a superhydrophobic surface
  • 8.5 NiTi smart material
  • 8.6 NiTi superhydrophobic surfaces
  • 8.7 Conclusions
  • References
  • 9. NiTi plasma spray coating
  • Abstract
  • 9.1 Introduction
  • 9.2 Classification of NiTi plasma spraying
  • 9.3 Mechanism of NiTi coating
  • 9.4 Factors affecting NiTi spraying
  • 9.5 Thermodynamics associated with NiTi coating
  • 9.6 Reaction with O2
  • 9.7 Fabrication procedure
  • 9.8 Microstructure and properties
  • 9.9 Advantages and disadvantages
  • 9.10 Applications
  • 9.11 Summary and future perspectives
  • References
  • 10. Biocompatibility of NiTi
  • Abstract
  • 10.1 Introduction
  • 10.2 Corrosion and NiTi implants
  • 10.3 Biocompatibility studies
  • 10.4 Application of NiTi biomaterials
  • 10.5 Issues and challenges of NiTi implants
  • 10.6 Summary and future scope
  • References
  • 11. NiTi-based ternary alloys
  • Abstract
  • 11.1 Introduction
  • 11.2 Effect of additive elements
  • 11.3 Major factors affecting the properties
  • 11.4 Thermodynamics associated with additions
  • 11.5 Fabrication procedure
  • 11.6 Change to properties
  • 11.7 Advantages and disadvantages
  • 11.8 Summary and future perspectives
  • References
  • 12. NiTi-based coupling devices
  • Abstract
  • 12.1 Introduction
  • 12.2 Advantages of an NiTi coupler over a conventional coupler
  • 12.3 Design considerations
  • 12.4 Fabrication of a nitinol coupler
  • 12.5 NiTi-based alloy couplers
  • 12.6 Heat treatment and postprocessing
  • 12.7 Application of an NiTi-based coupler
  • 12.8 Advantages and disadvantages of NiTi couplers
  • 12.9 Conclusion
  • References
  • Part III: Emerging applications
  • 13. Thermal spraying of NiTi alloy
  • Abstract
  • 13.1 Introduction to thermal spraying
  • 13.2 NiTi shape memory alloy
  • 13.3 Atmospheric plasma spraying of NiTi
  • 13.4 Vacuum plasma spraying of NiTi
  • 13.5 Formation of NiTi intermetallics during thermal spraying
  • 13.6 Defects during NiTi thermal spraying
  • 13.7 Summary
  • References
  • 14. Nickel–titanium smart hybrid materials for automotive industry
  • Abstract
  • 14.1 Introduction
  • 14.2 What are NiTi smart hybrid materials
  • 14.3 Applications
  • 14.4 Conclusions
  • References
  • 15. Biomedical applications of NiTi alloys
  • Abstract
  • 15.1 Introduction
  • 15.2 Dentistry applications
  • 15.3 Orthopedic applications
  • 15.4 Intra-vascular stent applications
  • 15.5 Guided wire and endoscope applications
  • References
  • 16. Smart applications of NiTi shape memory alloy in biomedical industries
  • Abstract
  • 16.1 Introduction into NiTi biomaterials
  • 16.2 NiTi biocompatibility
  • 16.3 Preferential texture of NiTi biomaterials
  • 16.4 Modification of NiTi biomaterials
  • 16.5 NiTi applications in the human body
  • 16.6 Summary
  • References
  • 17. NiTi smart alloys in electronic and electrical equipment
  • Abstract
  • 17.1 Introduction
  • 17.2 Modes of failure in electrical and electronics components
  • 17.3 Fabrication procedure of NiTi in the electrical and electronics industries
  • 17.4 Advantages and disadvantages
  • 17.5 Applications
  • 17.6 Summary
  • References
  • 18. NiTi joining with other metallic materials
  • Abstract
  • 18.1 Introduction to SMA joining
  • 18.2 Classification of joining
  • 18.3 Mechanism of joining
  • 18.4 Factors affecting NiTi dissimilar joining
  • 18.5 Thermodynamics associated with NiTi joining
  • 18.6 Microstructure and properties
  • 18.7 Advantages and disadvantages
  • 18.8 Applications
  • 18.9 Summary and future prospects
  • References
  • 19. NiTi shape memory alloys: properties
  • Abstract
  • 19.1 Introduction
  • 19.2 Shape-memory effect
  • 19.3 Superelasticity of NiTi
  • 19.4 Crystallography aspects of NiTi
  • 19.5 NiTi binary phase diagram
  • 19.6 Mechanical aspects of NiTi
  • 19.7 Thermal characteristics of NiTi
  • 19.8 Wear resistance and hardness
  • 19.9 Damping capacity of NiTi
  • 19.10 Alloying elements in NiTi
  • References
  • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 460
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2022
  • Published: January 26, 2022
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323911733
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323998277

About the Editors

Sabu Thomas

Professor Thomas is an outstanding leader with sustained international acclaims for his work in Nanoscience, Polymer Science and Engineering, Polymer Nanocomposites, Elastomers, Polymer Blends, Interpenetrating Polymer Networks, Polymer Membranes, Green Composites and Nanocomposites, Nanomedicine and Green Nanotechnology. Dr. Thomas’s ground-breaking inventions in polymer nanocomposites, polymer blends, green bionanotechnological and nano-biomedical sciences, have made transformative differences in the development of new materials for biomedical, automotive, space, and housing fields. Professor Thomas has published over 1000 peer reviewed research papers, reviews and book chapters. He has co-edited 150 books published by Royal Society, Wiley, Woodhead, Elsevier, CRC Press, Springer, and Nova Science. He is the inventor of 16 patents.

Affiliations and Expertise

Vice Chancellor and Full Professor, Mahatma Gandhi University, Kottayam, Kerala, India

Ajit Behera

Dr. Ajit Behera completed his Ph.D. from IIT-Kharagpur in 2016. He received the National "Yuva Rattan Award" in 2020, "young faculty award" in 2017 and the "C.V. Raman Award" in 2019. He has published more than 80 publications including Book, Book Chapter, and Journals. His research interest is smart materials, additive manufacturing, 3D & 4D printing, NiTi-alloys, plasma surface engineering, nanotechnology, magnetron sputtered thin film, cryo-treatment, and utilization of industrial waste. He has published two patents related to smart materials.

Affiliations and Expertise

Assistant Professor, Metallurgical and Materials Engineering Department, National Institute of Technology, Rourkela, Odisha, India

Tuan Anh Nguyen

Tuan Anh Nguyen is Principal Research Scientist at the Institute for Tropical Technology, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology, Hanoi, Vietnam. His research focuses on advanced nanomaterials and applied nanotechnology. His research activities include smart coatings, conducting polymers, corrosion and protection of metals/concrete, antibacterial materials, and smart sensors/devices. He is Editor-In-Chief of Kenkyu Journal of Nanotechnology & Nanoscience and Founding Co-Editor-In-Chief of Current Nanotoxicity & Prevention.

Affiliations and Expertise

Principal Research Scientist, Institute for Tropical Technology, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology, Hanoi, Vietnam

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