New Pesticides and Soil Sensors - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780128042991, 9780128043707

New Pesticides and Soil Sensors

1st Edition

Editors: Alexandru Grumezescu
eBook ISBN: 9780128043707
Hardcover ISBN: 9780128042991
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 10th February 2017
Page Count: 792
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Table of Contents

  • List of Contributors
  • Series Foreword
  • Series preface
  • Volume Preface
  • 1: Lessons from inter-regn communication for the development of novel, ecofriendly pesticides
    • Abstract
    • 1. Introduction
    • 2. Classification of Pesticides
    • 3. Pesticides Toxicity and Carcinogenicity
    • 4. Biopesticides
    • 5. Pesticides Biodecontamination by Bacterial Lactonases
    • 6. Conclusions
  • 2: New pesticides: a cutting-edge view of contributions from nanotechnology for the development of sustainable agricultural pest control
    • Abstract
    • 1. Introduction
    • 2. New Generation Pesticides
    • 3. Safe Carriers: New-Generation Nanocides
    • 4. Nanobiosensors for Pesticide Detection and Degradation
    • 5. Nanotechnology and Insect Pest Management
    • 6. Conclusions
    • Acknowledgment
  • 3: Nanopesticides: preparation, targeting, and controlled release
    • Abstract
    • 1. Introduction
    • 2. Nanoinsecticides
    • 3. Nanoherbicides
    • 4. Nanofungicides
    • 5. Nanonematicides
    • 6. Nanoformulations
    • 7. Ecotoxicology of Nanomaterials and Related Regulations
    • 8. Conclusions
  • 4: Nanopesticides: a new paradigm in crop protection
    • Abstract
    • 1. Introduction
    • 2. Types of Pesticide Nanocarriers
    • 3. Polymer-Based Nanopesticide Delivery Systems
    • 4. Lipid-Based Nanopesticide Delivery Systems
    • 5. Noanosized Metals and Metal Oxides
    • 6. Porous Silica Nanoparticles
    • 7. Clay-Based Nanomaterials and Layered Double Hydroxides
    • 8. Nanoemulsions
    • 9. Microemulsions
    • 10. Nanosuspensions
    • 11. Conclusions and Future Perspectives
  • 5: Nanopesticides: a review of current research and perspectives
    • Abstract
    • 1. Introduction
    • 2. Nanoscale Particles for Agriculture: Definition, Concepts and Perspectives
    • 3. Pesticides as Nanoemulsions and Nanodispersions
    • 4. Polymer-Based Nanopesticides
    • 5. Solid Nanoparticles as Nanopesticides
    • 6. Toxicity and Environmental Impacts
    • 7. Conclusions
    • Acknowledgments
  • 6: An overview of nanopesticides in the framework of European legislation
    • Abstract
    • 1. Introduction
    • 2. Nanopesticides
    • 3. Pesticide Legislation at European Level
    • 4. Nanopesticides Within the Regulation (EC) No. 1107/2009
    • 5. Physicochemical Considerations for Analytical Instruments With Nanopesticides
    • 6. Opportunities of Nanopesticides Within the Directive 2009/128/EC of Sustainable Use
    • 7. Conclusions
  • 7: Is nanotechnology a promising field for insect pest control in IPM programs?
    • Abstract
    • 1. Introduction
    • 2. Nanotechnology in Agriculture
    • 3. Nanotech Sensor
    • 4. Application of Nanotechnology in Agricultural Production
    • 5. Nanoparticles for Ecological Remediation
    • 6. Nanotechnology Risks and Regulation
    • 7. Nanoparticles—A Green Revolution in Future
    • 8. Is Nanobio-Farming? A Future of Farming
    • 9. Conclusions
  • 8: Botanical pesticides with virucidal, bactericidal, and fungicidal activity
    • Abstract
    • 1. Introduction
    • 2. Plant Origin Pesticides: Antimicrobial Secondary Metabolites
    • 3. Biopesticides With Activity Against Viral, Bacterial, and Fungal Pests
    • 4. Conclusions
  • 9: Present and perspectives in pesticides biosensors development and contribution of nanotechnology
    • Abstract
    • 1. Introduction
    • 2. Electrochemical Biosensing Techniques Used for Pesticides Detection
    • 3. Optical and Imaging Biosensing Methods
    • 4. Immunosensors
    • 5. Whole-Cell Based Biosensors
    • 6. Conclusions
  • 10: Pesticides and antimicrobial resistance: from environmental compartments to animal and human infections
    • Abstract
    • 1. Introduction
    • 2. Conclusions
    • Acknowledgments
  • 11: Molecular mechanisms of pesticides toxicity
    • Abstract
    • 1. Introduction
    • 2. Organophosphorus Pesticides
    • 3. Organochlorine Pesticides
    • 4. Pyrethroids
    • 5. Dithiocarbamates
    • 6. Herbicides
    • 7. Endocrine Disruption—A Major Mechanism of Pesticides Toxicity
    • 8. Conclusions
  • 12: A simple whole cell microbial biosensors to monitor soil pollution
    • Abstract
    • 1. Introduction
    • 2. Soil Contamination Around the World
    • 3. Conventional Methods for Assessing Soil Pollutants
    • 4. Microbial Biosensor
    • 5. Conclusions
  • 13: Flow analysis as an analytical tool for soil monitoring: from wet chemistry assays to nanomaterials based sample preparation
    • Abstract
    • 1. Introduction
    • 2. Monitoring of Soils Using Flow Analysis
    • 3. Conclusions and Future Perspectives
    • Acknowledgments
  • 14: Smart nanosensors for pesticide detection
    • Abstract
    • 1. Introduction
    • 2. The Need for Biomonitoring
    • 3. Nanomaterials
    • 4. Nanosensors
    • 5. Nanobiosensors
    • 6. Types of Nanobiosensors
    • 7. Conclusions and Future Challenges
  • 15: Soil sensors: detailed insight into research updates, significance, and future prospects
    • Abstract
    • 1. Introduction
    • 2. Soil Types and Their Properties
    • 3. Important Parameters Determining Quality of Soil, as Well as Its Fertility
    • 4. Need for Soil Monitoring
    • 5. Soil Monitoring Using Soil Sensors
    • 6. Future Prospects
  • 16: Nanosensors for detection of pesticides in water
    • Abstract
    • 1. Water in the World
    • 2. Pesticides as Water Pollutants
    • 3. Analytical Techniques for Water Pollutant Detection
    • 4. Nanobiosensors
    • 5. Conclusions
    • Acknowledgments
  • 17: Chemical sensors for soil analysis: principles and applications
    • Abstract
    • 1. Introduction
    • 2. Sensory Analysis of Main Soil Nutrients
    • 3. Microelements and Pollutants Analysis in Soils
    • 4. Colorimetric and Optical Sensors for Soil Analysis
    • 5. Bacterial Sensors (Bioassays) for Soil Analysis
    • 6. Multisensory Soil Analysis
    • 7. Conclusions
    • Acknowledgments
  • 18: Surface plasmon resonance based nanosensors for detection of triazinic pesticides in agricultural foods
    • Abstract
    • 1. Introduction
    • 2. Surface Plasmon Resonance
    • 3. Molecular Imprinting
    • 4. Applications of Surface Plasmon Resonance by Molecularly Imprinted Systems
    • 5. Conclusions
  • 19: Scientometric overview in nanopesticides
    • Abstract
    • 1. Overview
    • 2. Nanopesticides
    • 3. Conclusions
  • Index

Description

New Pesticides and Soil Sensors, a volume in the Nanotechnology in the Agri-Food Industry series, is a practical resource that demonstrates how nanotechnology is a highly attractive tool that offers new options for the formulation of ‘nanopesticides’. Recent advances in nanopesticide research is reviewed and divided into several themes, including improvement of the water solubility of poorly soluble pesticide active ingredients to improve bioavailability and the encapsulation of pesticide active ingredients within permeable nanoparticles with the aim of releasing pesticide active ingredients in a controlled or targeted manner, while also protecting active ingredients from premature photo-degradation.

Key Features

  • Provides examples of pesticide formulations that contain inorganic and organic nanoparticles
  • Includes general principles and the most recent applications of chemical sensors and multisensory systems for the assessment of soils and main soil nutrition component detection
  • Presents the main benefits and drawbacks of chemical sensors and their employment in soil analysis for further applications
  • Describes current issues of pesticide use, environmental contamination, bioaccumulation, and increases in pest resistance which demands a reduction in the quantity of pesticides applied for crop and stored product protection

Readership

Professionals, Researchers, academic staff and students across all of food science


Details

No. of pages:
792
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 2017
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780128043707
Hardcover ISBN:
9780128042991

About the Editors

Alexandru Grumezescu Editor

Dr. Grumezescu is Assistant Professor at the Department of Science and Engineering of Oxide Materials and Nanomaterials, in the Faculty of Applied Chemistry and Materials Science, with a second affiliation to the Faculty of Medical Engineering, at the Politehnica University of Bucharest in Romania. He is an experienced and oft-published researcher and editor in the field of nano and biomaterials, and he is the Editor-in-Chief of three journals: Biointerface Research in Applied Chemistry, Letters and Applied NanoBioScience, and Biomaterials and Tissue Engineering Bulletin. He also serves as editor or guest editor for several notable journals. Dr. Grumezescu has published 150 peer-reviewed papers, 20 book chapters, 6 co-authored books and 11 edited books.

Affiliations and Expertise

Assistant Professor, Department of Science and Engineering of Oxide Materials and Nanomaterials, Faculty of Applied Chemistry and Materials Science and Faculty of Medical Engineering, Politehnica University of Bucharest, Romania