New Perspectives on Deep-water Sandstones - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780444563354, 9780444563552

New Perspectives on Deep-water Sandstones, Volume 9

1st Edition

Origin, Recognition, Initiation, and Reservoir Quality

Authors: G. Shanmugam
eBook ISBN: 9780444563552
Hardcover ISBN: 9780444563354
Imprint: Elsevier
Published Date: 31st January 2012
Page Count: 544
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Table of Contents

New Perspectives on Deep-water Sandstones

Handbook of Petroleum Exploration and Production, 9

New Perspectives on Deep-water Sandstones

Copyright

Dedication

Preface

Acknowledgments

Chapter 1: Introduction

1.1 WHAT IS DEEP WATER?

1.2 FLAWED TURBIDITE PARADIGM

1.3 NEW PERSPECTIVES: SMTDS AND BCRS

1.4 DATABASE

1.5 SCOPE AND ORGANIZATION

1.6 PROCESS SEDIMENTOLOGY

1.7 SYNOPSIS

Chapter 2: Origin and Classification of Sandy Mass-Transport Deposits

2.1 INTRODUCTION

2.2 LITERATURE

2.3 CLASSIFICATION

2.4 LANDSLIDE VERSUS MASS TRANSPORT

2.5 SUBAERIAL PROCESSES BASED ON TYPES OF MOVEMENT AND MATERIAL

2.6 SUBAQUEOUS PROCESSES BASED ON MECHANICAL BEHAVIOUR

2.7 SUBAQUEOUS PROCESSES BASED ON SEDIMENT-SUPPORT MECHANISM

2.8 SUBAQUEOUS PROCESSES BASED ON PROCESS CONTINUUM

2.9 SUBAQUEOUS PROCESSES BASED ON TRANSPORT VELOCITY

2.10 SYNOPSIS

Chapter 3: Recognition of Sandy Mass-Transport Deposits

3.1 INTRODUCTION

3.2 SANDY SLIDE

3.3 SANDY SLUMP

3.4 SANDY DEBRITE

3.5 ORIGIN OF MASSIVE SANDSTONE

3.6 PROBLEMS WITH INTERPRETATION OF WIRELINE LOGS

3.7 PROBLEMS WITH INTERPRETATION OF SEISMIC FACIES

3.8 PROBLEMS ASSOCIATED WITH INTERPRETATION OF SEISMIC SINUOUS GEOMETRY

3.9 SYNOPSIS

Chapter 4: Bottom-Current Reworked Sands

4.1 INTRODUCTION

4.2 SURFACE CURRENTS, DEEP-WATER MASSES, AND BOTTOM CURRENTS

4.3 BOTTOM CURRENTS VERSUS TURBIDITY CURRENTS

4.4 GENETIC NOMENCLATURE

4.5 THERMOHALINE-INDUCED GEOSTROPHIC BOTTOM CURRENTS

4.6 WIND-DRIVEN BOTTOM CURRENTS

4.7 DEEPWATER TIDAL BOTTOM CURRENTS

4.8 BAROCLINIC CURRENTS (INTERNAL TIDES)

4.9 PROBLEMATIC BEDFORM-VELOCITY MATRIX FOR DEEP-WATER BOTTOM CURRENTS

4.10 PROBLEMS WITH INTERPRETATION OF SEISMIC FACIES AND GEOMETRIES

4.11 SYNOPSIS

Chapter 5: Initiation of Deep-Water Sediment Failures

5.1 INTRODUCTION

5.2 SHORT-TERM TRIGGERING EVENTS

5.3 INTERMEDIATE-TERM TRIGGERING EVENTS

5.4 LONG-TERM TRIGGERING EVENTS

5.5 SYNOPSIS

Chapter 6: Implications for Deep-water Sandstone Reservoirs

6.1 GRAIN-SIZE DISTRIBUTION

6.2 DIMENSIONS AND GEOMETRIES

6.3 LONG-RUNOUT MTD

6.4 TURBIDITES VERSUS DEBRITES

6.5 TURBIDITES VERSUS TIDALITES

6.6 SMTD AND BCRS, GULF OF MEXICO

6.7 CHICXULUB METEORITE IMPACT, GULF OF MEXICO

6.8 SAND INJECTION

6.9 SEQUENCE STRATIGRAPHY

6.10 SYNOPSIS

Chapter 7: Reservoir Quality—Global Examples

7.1 OFFSHORE CALIFORNIA

7.2 OFFSHORE NIGERIA

7.3 GULF OF MEXICO

7.4 STRAITS OF FLORIDA

7.5 U.K. NORTH SEA

7.6 KRISHNA–GODAVARI BASIN, BAY OF BENGAL

7.7 SYNOPSIS

Chapter 8: Epilogue

Appendix A: Concepts, Glossary, and Methodology

DEEP-WATER SYSTEMS

METHODOLOGY FOR RECOGNIZING MTD

References

Index

About the Author


Description

This handbook is vital for understanding the origin of deep-water sandstones, emphasizing sandy-mass transport deposits (SMTDs) and bottom-current reworked sands (BCRSs) in petroleum reservoirs. This cutting-edge perspective, a pragmatic alternative to the conventional turbidite concepts, is crucial because the turbidite paradigm is built on a dubious foundation without empirical data on sandy turbidity currents in modern oceans. In the absence of evidence for sandy turbidity currents in natural environments, elegant theoretical models and experimental observations of turbidity currents are irrelevant substitutes for explaining the origin of sandy deposits as "turbidites." In documenting modern and ancient SMTDs (sandy slides, sandy slumps, and sandy debrites) and BCRSs (deposits of thermohaline [contour] currents, wind-driven currents, and tidal currents), the author describes and interprets core and outcrop (1:20 to 1:50 scale) from 35 case studies worldwide (which include 32 petroleum reservoirs), totaling more than 10,000 m in cumulative thickness, carried out during the past 36 years (1974-2010). The book dispels myths about the importance of sea level lowstand and provides much-needed clarity on the triggering of sediment failures by earthquakes, meteorite impacts, tsunamis, and cyclones with implications for the distribution of deep-water sandstone petroleum reservoirs.

Key Features

  • Promotes pragmatic interpretation of deep-water sands using alternative possibilities
  • Validates the economic importance of  SMTDs and BCRS in deep-water exploration and production
  • Rich in empirical data and timely new perspectives 

Readership

Undergraduate and graduate students, academics, researchers, and professional petroleum geoscientists


Details

No. of pages:
544
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Elsevier 2012
Published:
Imprint:
Elsevier
eBook ISBN:
9780444563552
Hardcover ISBN:
9780444563354

About the Authors

G. Shanmugam Author

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Texas, Arlington, TX 76019, U.S.A. 1