New Directions in Helping

New Directions in Helping

Recipient Reactions to Aid

1st Edition - January 28, 1983

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  • Editor: Jeffery Fisher
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323152648

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New Directions in Helping: Recipient Reactions to Aid, Volume 1, reviews the state of knowledge in the reactions of recipients in helping interactions. It provides an overview of the entire field, in-depth coverage in major areas, and a preview of important future research directions. The book is organized into five parts. Part I discusses the types of recipient reactions; some consistent relationships between the conditions associated recipient reactions; and approaches that have been used to conceptualize the effects of aid on those who receive it. Part II focuses on theoretical perspectives for conceptualizing reactions to help. Part III examines individual differences in responses to aid. Part IV takes up various determinants of reactions to help. Part V presents some final thoughts about research on reactions to help. This book will be of interest to social psychologists as well as to members of a number of other disciplines, e.g., clinical psychologists, social workers, counseling psychologists, educational psychologists, political scientists, and sociologists.

Table of Contents

  • Contributors


    Contents of Volumes 2 and 3

    Part I Introduction

    1. Recipient Reactions to Aid: The Parameters of the Field

    The Basic Paradigm

    The Findings: A Capsule Summary

    Conceptual Approaches

    Research Needs



    Part II Theoretical Perspectives

    2. The Dilemmas of Helping: Making Aid Fair and Effective

    Forms of Help

    Fairness and Effectiveness: Competing Goals?



    The Compensatory Model—Can it Keep Its Promise?


    3. Four Theoretical Approaches for Conceptualizing Reactions to Aid

    Equity Theories

    Reactance Theory

    Attribution Theories

    Threat to Self-esteem

    Toward a Formalized Threat to Self-esteem Model

    A Formalized Threat to Self-esteem Model


    Reference Notes


    4. Indebtedness as a Mediator of Reactions to Aid

    Mediators of Reactions to Aid

    Determinants of the Magnitude of Indebtedness

    Assessment of the Magnitude of Indebtedness

    Indebtedness and Inequity Compared

    Variability in Responses to Indebtedness

    Applications and Future Directions


    5. Equity Theory and Recipient Reactions to Aid

    Reactions of Recipients in Reciprocal versus Altruistic Relationships

    Equity Theory: An Overview

    The Application of Equity Theory to Helping Relationships

    Recipient Ambivalence

    Reactions of Recipients in Reciprocal versus Altruistic Relationships



    6. Social Construction of Helping Relationships

    Help: From Object to Objectification

    Help and Its Conjoint Relations

    Negotiating Reality in the Helping Relationship

    Post Hoc Reconstruction of Help

    Inquiry into Reactions to Help


    Part III Individual Differences

    7. Recipient Self-esteem and Reactions to Help


    Level of Recipient Self-esteem: Conceptual Background

    Self-esteem and Receiving Help: Evidence for Consistency

    Self-esteem and Receiving Help: Evidence for the Vulnerability Prediction

    Consistency versus Vulnerability Revisited: Reconciliation and Integration

    Concluding Remarks


    8. Developmental Aspects of Recipients' Reactions to Aid

    Review of the Literature

    Factors of Potential Significance in Children's Reactions to Aid

    A Developmental Perspective on Models concerning Reactions to Aid


    Reference Note


    PART IV Determinants of Reactions to Aid

    9. The Effects of Help on Task Performance in Achievement Contexts

    Definitional Issues

    Predictors of Effectiveness

    The Effects of Noninstrumental Help on Performance: An Experimental Investigation



    10. When Helping Backfires: Help and Helplessness

    How Help Undermines Competence and Control

    Help Orientations and Helplessness

    Learning Skills Training: Will it Help or Hurt?

    Clarifying the Causal Impact of Recipient Orientations

    Strategic Functions of Claiming to Be Helpless

    Recipient Responsibility, Recipients' Problems, and Help-Orientation Conflict

    Changing Recipients' Models


    11. Reactions to Aid in Communal and Exchange Relationships


    Distinguishing Communal and Exchange Relationships

    Implications of the Communal-Exchange Distinction for Reactions to Aid


    Reference Note


    12. The Nature of the Help-Related Interchange as a Determinant of a Person's Attitude toward Other

    Important Preliminaries

    Determinants of Reaction to Other

    Conceptual Analyses and Empirical Research


    Reference Notes


    Part V Summary and Implications

    13. Some Thoughts about Research on Reactions to Help

    The Possible Role of Cultural Influences

    The Multiple Determination of Social Behavior

    References to Normative Influences

    On the Role of the Self-concept


    Author Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 390
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1983
  • Published: January 28, 1983
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323152648

About the Editor

Jeffery Fisher

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