New and Future Developments in Catalysis

New and Future Developments in Catalysis

Batteries, Hydrogen Storage and Fuel Cells

1st Edition - July 11, 2013
This is the Latest Edition
  • Editor: Steven Suib
  • eBook ISBN: 9780444538819

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Description

New and Future Developments in Catalysis is a package of seven books that compile the latest ideas concerning alternate and renewable energy sources and the role that catalysis plays in converting new renewable feedstock into biofuels and biochemicals. Both homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysts and catalytic processes will be discussed in a unified and comprehensive approach. There will be extensive cross-referencing within all volumes.Batteries and fuel cells are considered to be environmentally friendly devices for storage and production of electricity, and they are gaining considerable attention. The preparation of the feed for fuel cells (fuel) as well as the catalysts and the various conversion processes taking place in these devices are covered in this volume, together with the catalytic processes for hydrogen generation and storage. An economic analysis of the various processes is also part of this volume and enables an informed choice of the most suitable process.

Key Features

  • Offers in-depth coverage of all catalytic topics of current interest and outlines future challenges and research areas
  • A clear and visual description of all parameters and conditions, enabling the reader to draw conclusions for a particular case
  • Outlines the catalytic processes applicable to energy generation and design of green processes

Readership

Chemists, chemical engineers, and biochemical engineers working in academic and government research; academics, research students, post graduate and graduate students in these areas of study; materials scientists, environmental engineers, biochemists, petroleum engineers, post graduate and research students in these areas

Table of Contents

  • Introduction

    Contributors

    Chapter 1. Catalytic Batteries

    1.1 Introduction

    1.2 Metal-Air Batteries

    1.3 Environmental Conditions for Catalysts

    1.4 Safety Concerns for Metal-Air Battery Experimentation

    1.5 Future of Catalysts in Metal-Air Batteries

    References

    Chapter 2. A Novel Enzymatic Technology for Removal of Hydrogen Sulfide from Biogas

    Acknowledgments

    2.1 Introduction

    2.2 Experimental

    2.3 Results and Discussion

    2.4 Conclusions

    References

    Chapter 3. Electrocatalysts for the Electrooxidation of Ethanol

    3.1 Introduction

    3.2 Electrooxidation of Ethanol on Polycrystalline Pt, Pt (hkl) Electrodes and Pt/C Electrodes. Identification and Oxidation of Ethanol Adsorbate(s)

    3.3 Reaction Pathways and Mechanism of the Electrooxidation of Ethanol

    3.4 Designing of Supported Electrocatalysts for the Electrooxidation of Ethanol

    3.5 Fuel Cell Studies

    3.6 Summary

    Acronyms And Symbols

    References

    Chapter 4. Catalytic Processes Using Fuel Cells, Catalytic Batteries, and Hydrogen Storage Materials

    Acknowledgments

    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 Catalytic Processes in Fuel Cells

    4.3 Catalytic Processes in Batteries

    4.4 Catalytic Processes in Hydrogen Storage Materials

    4.5 Summary

    References

    Chapter 5. Hydrogen Storage Materials

    Acknowledgments

    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 Essential Properties of Hydrogen in Metals

    5.3 Hydride

    5.4 Hydrogen Storage Materials

    5.5 Porous Carbon Materials

    5.6 Conclusion

    References

    Chapter 6. Nanostructured Adsorbents for Hydrogen Storage

    6.1 Introduction

    6.2 Carbon Adsorbents

    6.3 MOFs, COFs, and ZIFs Sorbents

    6.4 Zeolites

    6.5 Silicas

    6.6 Summary

    References

    Chapter 7. Transition Metal Nanoparticles as Catalyst in Hydrogen Generation from the Boron-Based Hydrogen Storage Materials

    Acknowledgment

    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 Preparation and Stabilization of Transition Metal Nanoparticles

    7.3 Transition Metal Nanoparticles Catalyst in Hydrogen Generation from the Hydrolysis of Sodium Borohydride

    7.4 Transition Metal Nanoparticles Catalysts in Hydrogen Generation from the Hydrolysis of Ammonia Borane

    7.5 Transition Metal Nanoparticles Catalysts in Hydrogen Generation from the Methanolysis of Ammonia Borane

    7.6 Transition Metal(0) Nanoparticles as Catalyst in the Dehydrogenation of Ammonia Borane

    7.7 Transition Metal(0) Nanoparticles as Catalyst in the Dehydrogenation of Dimethylamine Borane

    7.8 Transition Metal(0) Nanoparticles as Catalyst in The Dehydrogenation of Hydrazine Borane

    7.9 Concluding Remarks

    References

    Chapter 8. Challenges in the Assembly of Membrane Electrode Assemblies for Regenerative Fuel Cells using Pt/C, Iridium Black, and IrO2 Catalysts

    Acknowledgments

    8.1 Introduction

    8.2 Experimental Methods

    8.3 Results and Discussions

    8.4 Conclusions

    References

    Chapter 9. Catalysis in Fuel Cells and Hydrogen Production

    Acknowledgments

    9.1 Direct Methanol Fuel Cells—Role of Electrocatalysts

    9.2 Characterization Techniques for Anode and Cathode Catalysts

    9.3 Hydrogen Production—Role of Photocatalysis

    Conclusions and Outlook

    References

    Chapter 10. Fuel Cell Catalysis from a Materials Perspective

    Acknowledgments

    10.1 Novel Catalyst Concepts

    10.2 Alternative Catalyst Supports

    10.3 3D Electrode Design by New Electrode Processing Techniques

    10.4 Summary and Outlook

    References

    Chapter 11. Nanoalloy Catalysts in Electrochemical Energy Conversion and Storage

    Acknowledgments

    11.1 Introduction

    11.2 Preparation of Nanoalloy Catalysts

    11.3 Catalytic Properties of Nanoalloy Catalysts for Fuel Cells

    11.4 Catalytic Properties of Nanoalloy Catalysts in Lithium-Oxygen Batteries

    11.5 Summary

    References

    Chapter 12. Adsorption, Diffusion, and Exchange Processes in Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell Catalysts (Catalytic Processes in Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells)

    12.1 Introduction

    12.2 Surface Chemistry of Vulcan Xc72 Carbon Black Supported Catalysts

    12.3 Adsorption-Exchange Properties of the Pt/Vulcan XC72 Catalyst

    12.4 Comparison of Pt/Vulcan XC72 with Other Carbon Black Supported Pt Catalysts

    12.5 High Surface Area Graphite Supports as Alternative to Carbon Black for PEMFC Catalysts

    12.6 Conclusions

    References

    Chapter 13. Hydrogen Storage Materials

    Acknowledgments

    13.1 Introduction

    13.2 Fundamentals and General Aspects of Hydrogen Storage Materials

    13.3 Hydrogen Storage Materials

    13.4 Summary

    References

    Chapter 14. Approaches to Synthesize Carbon-Supported Platinum-Based Electrocatalysts for Proton-Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells

    Acknowledgments

    14.1 Introduction

    14.2 Types of Carbon Materials Used as Supports for PEMFC Catalysts

    14.3 Physico-Chemical Properties of Carbon Materials of Interest for PEMFC Application

    14.4 Preparation of Carbon-Supported Electrocatalysts

    14.5 Toward Lower Mass of Pt in The CLs

    14.6 Conclusions and Outlook

    References

    Chapter 15. New Trends in Direct Ethanol Fuel Cells

    15.1 Ethanol Electro-Oxidation in Acid Medium

    15.2 Ethanol Electro-Oxidation in Alkaline Medium

    15.3 Alkaline-Acid Direct Ethanol Fuel Cell

    15.4 Search for Efficient Catalysts

    References

    Chapter 16. Alcohol Fuel Cells

    Acknowledgment

    16.1 Introduction

    16.2 Preparation of Fuel Cell Catalysts

    16.3 Structural Characterization of Fuel Cell Catalysts

    16.4 Alcohol Oxidation Reaction (AOR)

    16.5 Oxygen Reduction Reaction (ORR)

    16.6 Summary

    References

    Chapter 17. Catalytic Materials and Processes in Secondary Lithium-ion Batteries

    Acknowledgments

    17.1 Introduction

    17.2 Lithium-Ion Batteries

    References

    Chapter 18. Computational Design of Catalysts, Electrolytes, and Materials for Energy Storage

    Acknowledgments

    18.1 Introduction

    18.2 Density Functional Theory-Based Computational Materials Design

    18.3 Computational Materials Screening

    18.4 Predictors, Descriptors, and Scaling Relations

    18.5 Examples of Computational Materials Design

    18.6 Perspectives

    References

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 550
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2013
  • Published: July 11, 2013
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • eBook ISBN: 9780444538819
  • About the Editor

    Steven Suib

    Steve Suib is one of the leading figures in solid-state catalysis and renewable systems in the US. His 450 publications, 40 patents, and authorship on multiple books on the topic of catalysis is proof of this, as is his distinguished Professor status. He is also editor for Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, which puts him in a perfect position to keep abreast with current developments in the area.

    He has been a prominent and prolific catalysis researcher for many years encompassing all aspects of the fields from synthesis, characterization, catalysis, to applications. He easily works in both basic fundamental academic research as well as applied industrial research.

    Affiliations and Expertise

    Board of Trustees Distinguished Professor, Director, Institute of Materials Science, University of Connecticut, USA His expertise is in the field of solid state inorganic chemistry including studies of zeolites and microporous materials; physical chemistry; environmental chemistry including green syntheses, heterogeneous catalysis; plasma chemistry and catalysis; semiconductors; inorganic photochemistry; photocatalysis; batteries; ceramics. Preparation and characterization of these systems using structural, crystallographic, surface, electrochemical, luminescence, microscopic and EPR techniques.