New and Future Developments in Catalysis

New and Future Developments in Catalysis

Batteries, Hydrogen Storage and Fuel Cells

1st Edition - July 11, 2013

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  • Editor: Steven Suib
  • eBook ISBN: 9780444538819

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New and Future Developments in Catalysis is a package of seven books that compile the latest ideas concerning alternate and renewable energy sources and the role that catalysis plays in converting new renewable feedstock into biofuels and biochemicals. Both homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysts and catalytic processes will be discussed in a unified and comprehensive approach. There will be extensive cross-referencing within all volumes.Batteries and fuel cells are considered to be environmentally friendly devices for storage and production of electricity, and they are gaining considerable attention. The preparation of the feed for fuel cells (fuel) as well as the catalysts and the various conversion processes taking place in these devices are covered in this volume, together with the catalytic processes for hydrogen generation and storage. An economic analysis of the various processes is also part of this volume and enables an informed choice of the most suitable process.

Key Features

  • Offers in-depth coverage of all catalytic topics of current interest and outlines future challenges and research areas
  • A clear and visual description of all parameters and conditions, enabling the reader to draw conclusions for a particular case
  • Outlines the catalytic processes applicable to energy generation and design of green processes


Chemists, chemical engineers, and biochemical engineers working in academic and government research; academics, research students, post graduate and graduate students in these areas of study; materials scientists, environmental engineers, biochemists, petroleum engineers, post graduate and research students in these areas

Table of Contents

  • Introduction


    Chapter 1. Catalytic Batteries

    1.1 Introduction

    1.2 Metal-Air Batteries

    1.3 Environmental Conditions for Catalysts

    1.4 Safety Concerns for Metal-Air Battery Experimentation

    1.5 Future of Catalysts in Metal-Air Batteries


    Chapter 2. A Novel Enzymatic Technology for Removal of Hydrogen Sulfide from Biogas


    2.1 Introduction

    2.2 Experimental

    2.3 Results and Discussion

    2.4 Conclusions


    Chapter 3. Electrocatalysts for the Electrooxidation of Ethanol

    3.1 Introduction

    3.2 Electrooxidation of Ethanol on Polycrystalline Pt, Pt (hkl) Electrodes and Pt/C Electrodes. Identification and Oxidation of Ethanol Adsorbate(s)

    3.3 Reaction Pathways and Mechanism of the Electrooxidation of Ethanol

    3.4 Designing of Supported Electrocatalysts for the Electrooxidation of Ethanol

    3.5 Fuel Cell Studies

    3.6 Summary

    Acronyms And Symbols


    Chapter 4. Catalytic Processes Using Fuel Cells, Catalytic Batteries, and Hydrogen Storage Materials


    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 Catalytic Processes in Fuel Cells

    4.3 Catalytic Processes in Batteries

    4.4 Catalytic Processes in Hydrogen Storage Materials

    4.5 Summary


    Chapter 5. Hydrogen Storage Materials


    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 Essential Properties of Hydrogen in Metals

    5.3 Hydride

    5.4 Hydrogen Storage Materials

    5.5 Porous Carbon Materials

    5.6 Conclusion


    Chapter 6. Nanostructured Adsorbents for Hydrogen Storage

    6.1 Introduction

    6.2 Carbon Adsorbents

    6.3 MOFs, COFs, and ZIFs Sorbents

    6.4 Zeolites

    6.5 Silicas

    6.6 Summary


    Chapter 7. Transition Metal Nanoparticles as Catalyst in Hydrogen Generation from the Boron-Based Hydrogen Storage Materials


    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 Preparation and Stabilization of Transition Metal Nanoparticles

    7.3 Transition Metal Nanoparticles Catalyst in Hydrogen Generation from the Hydrolysis of Sodium Borohydride

    7.4 Transition Metal Nanoparticles Catalysts in Hydrogen Generation from the Hydrolysis of Ammonia Borane

    7.5 Transition Metal Nanoparticles Catalysts in Hydrogen Generation from the Methanolysis of Ammonia Borane

    7.6 Transition Metal(0) Nanoparticles as Catalyst in the Dehydrogenation of Ammonia Borane

    7.7 Transition Metal(0) Nanoparticles as Catalyst in the Dehydrogenation of Dimethylamine Borane

    7.8 Transition Metal(0) Nanoparticles as Catalyst in The Dehydrogenation of Hydrazine Borane

    7.9 Concluding Remarks


    Chapter 8. Challenges in the Assembly of Membrane Electrode Assemblies for Regenerative Fuel Cells using Pt/C, Iridium Black, and IrO2 Catalysts


    8.1 Introduction

    8.2 Experimental Methods

    8.3 Results and Discussions

    8.4 Conclusions


    Chapter 9. Catalysis in Fuel Cells and Hydrogen Production


    9.1 Direct Methanol Fuel Cells—Role of Electrocatalysts

    9.2 Characterization Techniques for Anode and Cathode Catalysts

    9.3 Hydrogen Production—Role of Photocatalysis

    Conclusions and Outlook


    Chapter 10. Fuel Cell Catalysis from a Materials Perspective


    10.1 Novel Catalyst Concepts

    10.2 Alternative Catalyst Supports

    10.3 3D Electrode Design by New Electrode Processing Techniques

    10.4 Summary and Outlook


    Chapter 11. Nanoalloy Catalysts in Electrochemical Energy Conversion and Storage


    11.1 Introduction

    11.2 Preparation of Nanoalloy Catalysts

    11.3 Catalytic Properties of Nanoalloy Catalysts for Fuel Cells

    11.4 Catalytic Properties of Nanoalloy Catalysts in Lithium-Oxygen Batteries

    11.5 Summary


    Chapter 12. Adsorption, Diffusion, and Exchange Processes in Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell Catalysts (Catalytic Processes in Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells)

    12.1 Introduction

    12.2 Surface Chemistry of Vulcan Xc72 Carbon Black Supported Catalysts

    12.3 Adsorption-Exchange Properties of the Pt/Vulcan XC72 Catalyst

    12.4 Comparison of Pt/Vulcan XC72 with Other Carbon Black Supported Pt Catalysts

    12.5 High Surface Area Graphite Supports as Alternative to Carbon Black for PEMFC Catalysts

    12.6 Conclusions


    Chapter 13. Hydrogen Storage Materials


    13.1 Introduction

    13.2 Fundamentals and General Aspects of Hydrogen Storage Materials

    13.3 Hydrogen Storage Materials

    13.4 Summary


    Chapter 14. Approaches to Synthesize Carbon-Supported Platinum-Based Electrocatalysts for Proton-Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells


    14.1 Introduction

    14.2 Types of Carbon Materials Used as Supports for PEMFC Catalysts

    14.3 Physico-Chemical Properties of Carbon Materials of Interest for PEMFC Application

    14.4 Preparation of Carbon-Supported Electrocatalysts

    14.5 Toward Lower Mass of Pt in The CLs

    14.6 Conclusions and Outlook


    Chapter 15. New Trends in Direct Ethanol Fuel Cells

    15.1 Ethanol Electro-Oxidation in Acid Medium

    15.2 Ethanol Electro-Oxidation in Alkaline Medium

    15.3 Alkaline-Acid Direct Ethanol Fuel Cell

    15.4 Search for Efficient Catalysts


    Chapter 16. Alcohol Fuel Cells


    16.1 Introduction

    16.2 Preparation of Fuel Cell Catalysts

    16.3 Structural Characterization of Fuel Cell Catalysts

    16.4 Alcohol Oxidation Reaction (AOR)

    16.5 Oxygen Reduction Reaction (ORR)

    16.6 Summary


    Chapter 17. Catalytic Materials and Processes in Secondary Lithium-ion Batteries


    17.1 Introduction

    17.2 Lithium-Ion Batteries


    Chapter 18. Computational Design of Catalysts, Electrolytes, and Materials for Energy Storage


    18.1 Introduction

    18.2 Density Functional Theory-Based Computational Materials Design

    18.3 Computational Materials Screening

    18.4 Predictors, Descriptors, and Scaling Relations

    18.5 Examples of Computational Materials Design

    18.6 Perspectives



Product details

  • No. of pages: 550
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2013
  • Published: July 11, 2013
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • eBook ISBN: 9780444538819

About the Editor

Steven Suib

Steve Suib is one of the leading figures in solid-state catalysis and renewable systems in the US. His 450 publications, 40 patents, and authorship on multiple books on the topic of catalysis is proof of this, as is his distinguished Professor status. He is also editor for Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, which puts him in a perfect position to keep abreast with current developments in the area.

He has been a prominent and prolific catalysis researcher for many years encompassing all aspects of the fields from synthesis, characterization, catalysis, to applications. He easily works in both basic fundamental academic research as well as applied industrial research.

Affiliations and Expertise

Board of Trustees Distinguished Professor, Director, Institute of Materials Science, University of Connecticut, USA His expertise is in the field of solid state inorganic chemistry including studies of zeolites and microporous materials; physical chemistry; environmental chemistry including green syntheses, heterogeneous catalysis; plasma chemistry and catalysis; semiconductors; inorganic photochemistry; photocatalysis; batteries; ceramics. Preparation and characterization of these systems using structural, crystallographic, surface, electrochemical, luminescence, microscopic and EPR techniques.

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