New and Future Developments in Catalysis - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780444538789, 9780444538796

New and Future Developments in Catalysis

1st Edition

Catalytic Biomass Conversion

Editors: Steven Suib
Hardcover ISBN: 9780444538789
eBook ISBN: 9780444538796
Imprint: Elsevier
Published Date: 29th July 2013
Page Count: 412
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Description

New and Future Developments in Catalysis is a package of books that compile the latest ideas concerning alternate and renewable energy sources and the role that catalysis plays in converting new renewable feedstock into biofuels and biochemicals. Both homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysts and catalytic processes will be discussed in a unified and comprehensive approach. There will be extensive cross-referencing within all volumes.

This volume covers all the biomass sources and gives detailed and in-depth coverage of all current chemical/catalytic conversion processes of biomass into liquid hydrocarbons to be further used as a feedstock for the production of not only biofuels but a large array of chemicals.

Key Features

  • Offers an in-depth coverage of all catalytic topics of current interest and outlines the future challenges and research areas
  • A clear and visual description of all parameters and conditions enables the reader to draw conclusions for a particular case
  • Outline the catalytic processes applicable to energy generation and design of green processes

Readership

Chemists, chemical engineers, and biochemical engineers working in academic and government research; academics, research students, post graduate and graduate students in these areas of study; materials scientists, environmental engineers, biochemists, petroleum engineers, post graduate and research students in these areas

Table of Contents

Introduction

Contributors

Chapter 1. Metal Catalysts for the Conversion of Biomass to Chemicals

Acknowledgment

1.1 Introduction

1.2 Hydrogenation Catalysts

1.3 Metal Catalysts for Dehydroxylation and Hydrogenolysis Reactions

1.4 Metal Catalysts for the Oxidation of Carbohydrates and Derivatives

1.5 Concluding Remarks and Prospects

References

Chapter 2. Current Catalytic Processes for Biomass Conversion

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Gasification of Cellulose

2.3 Hydrolytic Hydrogenation of Cellulose

2.4 Conversion of Cellulose to C2 and C3 Chemicals

2.5 Hydrolysis of Cellulose to Glucose

2.6 One-pot synthesis of other chemicals from cellulose

2.7 Degradation of Lignin to Chemicals

2.8 Conclusions

References

Chapter 3. Emerging Catalysis for 5-HMF Formation from Cellulosic Carbohydrates

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Conversion of Fructose to 5-HMF

3.3 Conversion of Glucose to 5-HMF

3.4 Conversion of Cellulose to 5-HMF

3.5 Conversion of C-6 and C-5 Carbohydrates in Biomass to 5-HMF and Furfural

3.6 Summary and Prospective

References

Chapter 4. Trends and Challenges in Catalytic Biomass Conversion

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Hydrogenolysis

4.2.1 Production of Propanediols from Polyols

4.3 Sugars to Lactates

4.3.1 Conversion of Triose Sugars to Lactates Using Zeolites

4.3.2 Conversion of Higher Sugars to Lactates

4.4 Utilization of the Lignin Fraction

4.4.1 Lignin Streams from Paper Mills and Biorefineries

4.4.2 Upgrading of the Lignin Streams

References

Chapter 5. Catalytic Processes of Lignocellulosic Feedstock Conversion for Production of Furfural, Levulinic Acid, and Formic Acid-Based Fuel Components

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Lignocellulosic Feedstock as Raw Material for Comprehensive Levulinic Acid and Furfural Production

5.3 Levulinic Acid, Formic Acid, and Furfural

5.4 Fuels and Fuel Components from Levulinic Acid and Furfural

5.5 Conclusion

References

Chapter 6. Synthetic Biology for Biomass Conversion

Acknowledgments

6.1 Introduction

6.2 The Biomass Problem

6.3 Biological Production of Renewable Fuels from Cellulosic Biomass

6.4 Synthetic Biology

6.5 Biomass Degradation

6.6 “Advanced” Biofuels

6.7 Increasing Tolerance to Inhibitory Compounds

6.8 The Way Forward

6.9 Conclusions

References

Chapter 7. Hybrid Plant Systems for Breeding and Gene Confinement in Bioenergy Crops

Acknowledgments

7.1 Introduction

7.2 Current Conventional Hybrid Plant Breeding Schemes

7.3 Novel Non-GM and GM Approaches to Hybrid Plant Development

7.4 Gene Confinement Strategies for Release of GM Improved Bioenergy Crops

7.5 Conclusions

References

Chapter 8. An Introduction to Pyrolysis and Catalytic Pyrolysis: Versatile Techniques for Biomass Conversion

8.1 Classification of Pyrolysis Processes

8.2 Pyrolysis Reactor Design

8.3 Pyrolysis Products

8.4 The Major Components of Biomass

8.5 Mechanisms of Biomass Pyrolysis

8.6 Catalytic Pyrolysis of Biomass

8.7 Concluding Remarks

References

Chapter 9. Using Microwave Radiation and SrO as a Catalyst for the Complete Conversion of Oils, Cooked Oils, and Microalgae to Biodiesel

Acknowledgments

9.1 Introduction

9.2 Transesterification Reaction for Biodiesel Production

9.3 Factors Affecting Catalytic Process for Biodiesel Production

9.4 Two-Stage Method for Biodiesel Production

9.5 One-Stage Method for Biodiesel Production

9.6 Analysis of the FAME Produced from Different Feed-Stocks

9.7 Conclusions

References

Chapter 10. Environmental Benefits of Integrated Algal Biorefineries for Large-Scale Biomass Conversion

10.1 Introduction

10.2 Advantages of Using Algal Biomass for Biofuel

10.3 Algae as Source of Biofuel

10.4 Recent Research and Developments in Algal Biofuel

10.5 Algal Biorefinery

10.6 General conclusions

References

Chapter 11. Heterogeneous Catalysts for Biomass Conversion

11.1 Zeolites

11.2 Mesoporous Materials

11.3 Metal Oxides

11.4 Basic Rare Earth Layered Materials for Biodiesel Production

11.5 Supported Metals and Ion-Exchanged Resins

11.6 Outlook

References

Chapter 12. Processing Issues in Biofuels Production

Acknowledgment

12.1 Introduction

12.2 Sources and Properties of Various Biomass

12.3 Current Catalysts for Biomass Conversion

12.4 Current Catalytic Processes for Biomass Conversion

12.5 Environmental Concerns for Biomass Conversion

References

Chapter 13. Economic Analysis of Bioenergy: An Integrated Multidisciplinary Approach

Acknowledgments

13.1 Introduction

13.2 Overview

13.3 Case Study: Food Scraps and Anaerobic Digestion in the Hartford Metropolitan Statistical Area

13.4 Spatial Analysis: Methods and Results

13.5 Economic and Financial Performance: Methods and Results

13.6 Conclusions

References

Chapter 14. Biofuels of the Present and the Future

Acknowledgment

14.1 Introduction

14.2 Biofuels

14.3 The Energy Problem

14.4 Bioethanol as fuel

14.5 Lignocellulosic biomass

14.6 Unlocking Fermentable Sugars From Cellulosic Biomass

14.7 Requirement of the Fungal Cellulase Complex

14.8 Ethanol-Producing Organisms

14.9 Higher Alcohols

14.10 Biodiesel

14.11 Other Potential Biofuels

14.12 Commercial Developments

14.13 US Government Initiatives

14.14 Final Comments

References

Chapter 15. Catalysts for Biomass Conversion

15.1 Introduction

15.2 Sugar Platform

15.3 Biodiesel

15.4 Bio-Oil and its Upgrading

15.5 Future Developments in Catalysis for Biomass Conversion

15.6 Conclusions

References

Index

Details

No. of pages:
412
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Elsevier 2013
Published:
Imprint:
Elsevier
eBook ISBN:
9780444538796
Hardcover ISBN:
9780444538789

About the Editor

Steven Suib

Steve Suib is one of the leading figures in solid-state catalysis and renewable systems in the US. His 450 publications, 40 patents, and authorship on multiple books on the topic of catalysis is proof of this, as is his distinguished Professor status. He is also editor for Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, which puts him in a perfect position to keep abreast with current developments in the area.

He has been a prominent and prolific catalysis researcher for many years encompassing all aspects of the fields from synthesis, characterization, catalysis, to applications. He easily works in both basic fundamental academic research as well as applied industrial research.

Affiliations and Expertise

Board of Trustees Distinguished Professor, Director, Institute of Materials Science, University of Connecticut, USA His expertise is in the field of solid state inorganic chemistry including studies of zeolites and microporous materials; physical chemistry; environmental chemistry including green syntheses, heterogeneous catalysis; plasma chemistry and catalysis; semiconductors; inorganic photochemistry; photocatalysis; batteries; ceramics. Preparation and characterization of these systems using structural, crystallographic, surface, electrochemical, luminescence, microscopic and EPR techniques.

Reviews

"Researchers in a number of biological sciences examine catalytic processes for turning biomass into fuel or other usable substance. The topics include metal catalysis for converting biomass into fine chemicals, synthetic biology for biomass conversion, hybrid plant systems for breeding and gene confinement in bioenergy crops, environmental benefits of integrated algal biorefineries for large-scale biomass conversion, and biofuels of the present and future."--Reference & Research Book News, December 2013