New and Future Developments in Catalysis

New and Future Developments in Catalysis

Catalytic Biomass Conversion

1st Edition - July 17, 2013

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  • Editor: Steven Suib
  • eBook ISBN: 9780444538796
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780444538789

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Description

New and Future Developments in Catalysis is a package of books that compile the latest ideas concerning alternate and renewable energy sources and the role that catalysis plays in converting new renewable feedstock into biofuels and biochemicals. Both homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysts and catalytic processes will be discussed in a unified and comprehensive approach. There will be extensive cross-referencing within all volumes.This volume covers all the biomass sources and gives detailed and in-depth coverage of all current chemical/catalytic conversion processes of biomass into liquid hydrocarbons to be further used as a feedstock for the production of not only biofuels but a large array of chemicals.

Key Features

  • Offers an in-depth coverage of all catalytic topics of current interest and outlines the future challenges and research areas
  • A clear and visual description of all parameters and conditions enables the reader to draw conclusions for a particular case
  • Outline the catalytic processes applicable to energy generation and design of green processes

Readership

Chemists, chemical engineers, and biochemical engineers working in academic and government research; academics, research students, post graduate and graduate students in these areas of study; materials scientists, environmental engineers, biochemists, petroleum engineers, post graduate and research students in these areas

Table of Contents

  • Chapter 1. Metal Catalysts for the Conversion of Biomass to Chemicals

    Acknowledgment

    1.1 Introduction

    1.2 Hydrogenation Catalysts

    1.3 Metal Catalysts for Dehydroxylation and Hydrogenolysis Reactions

    1.4 Metal Catalysts for the Oxidation of Carbohydrates and Derivatives

    1.5 Concluding Remarks and Prospects

    References

    Chapter 2. Current Catalytic Processes for Biomass Conversion

    2.1 Introduction

    2.2 Gasification of Cellulose

    2.3 Hydrolytic Hydrogenation of Cellulose

    2.4 Conversion of Cellulose to C2 and C3 Chemicals

    2.5 Hydrolysis of Cellulose to Glucose

    2.6 One-pot synthesis of other chemicals from cellulose

    2.7 Degradation of Lignin to Chemicals

    2.8 Conclusions

    References

    Chapter 3. Emerging Catalysis for 5-HMF Formation from Cellulosic Carbohydrates

    3.1 Introduction

    3.2 Conversion of Fructose to 5-HMF

    3.3 Conversion of Glucose to 5-HMF

    3.4 Conversion of Cellulose to 5-HMF

    3.5 Conversion of C-6 and C-5 Carbohydrates in Biomass to 5-HMF and Furfural

    3.6 Summary and Prospective

    References

    Chapter 4. Trends and Challenges in Catalytic Biomass Conversion

    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 Hydrogenolysis

    4.2.1 Production of Propanediols from Polyols

    4.3 Sugars to Lactates

    4.3.1 Conversion of Triose Sugars to Lactates Using Zeolites

    4.3.2 Conversion of Higher Sugars to Lactates

    4.4 Utilization of the Lignin Fraction

    4.4.1 Lignin Streams from Paper Mills and Biorefineries

    4.4.2 Upgrading of the Lignin Streams

    References

    Chapter 5. Catalytic Processes of Lignocellulosic Feedstock Conversion for Production of Furfural, Levulinic Acid, and Formic Acid-Based Fuel Components

    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 Lignocellulosic Feedstock as Raw Material for Comprehensive Levulinic Acid and Furfural Production

    5.3 Levulinic Acid, Formic Acid, and Furfural

    5.4 Fuels and Fuel Components from Levulinic Acid and Furfural

    5.5 Conclusion

    References

    Chapter 6. Synthetic Biology for Biomass Conversion

    Acknowledgments

    6.1 Introduction

    6.2 The Biomass Problem

    6.3 Biological Production of Renewable Fuels from Cellulosic Biomass

    6.4 Synthetic Biology

    6.5 Biomass Degradation

    6.6 “Advanced” Biofuels

    6.7 Increasing Tolerance to Inhibitory Compounds

    6.8 The Way Forward

    6.9 Conclusions

    References

    Chapter 7. Hybrid Plant Systems for Breeding and Gene Confinement in Bioenergy Crops

    Acknowledgments

    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 Current Conventional Hybrid Plant Breeding Schemes

    7.3 Novel Non-GM and GM Approaches to Hybrid Plant Development

    7.4 Gene Confinement Strategies for Release of GM Improved Bioenergy Crops

    7.5 Conclusions

    References

    Chapter 8. An Introduction to Pyrolysis and Catalytic Pyrolysis: Versatile Techniques for Biomass Conversion

    8.1 Classification of Pyrolysis Processes

    8.2 Pyrolysis Reactor Design

    8.3 Pyrolysis Products

    8.4 The Major Components of Biomass

    8.5 Mechanisms of Biomass Pyrolysis

    8.6 Catalytic Pyrolysis of Biomass

    8.7 Concluding Remarks

    References

    Chapter 9. Using Microwave Radiation and SrO as a Catalyst for the Complete Conversion of Oils, Cooked Oils, and Microalgae to Biodiesel

    Acknowledgments

    9.1 Introduction

    9.2 Transesterification Reaction for Biodiesel Production

    9.3 Factors Affecting Catalytic Process for Biodiesel Production

    9.4 Two-Stage Method for Biodiesel Production

    9.5 One-Stage Method for Biodiesel Production

    9.6 Analysis of the FAME Produced from Different Feed-Stocks

    9.7 Conclusions

    References

    Chapter 10. Environmental Benefits of Integrated Algal Biorefineries for Large-Scale Biomass Conversion

    10.1 Introduction

    10.2 Advantages of Using Algal Biomass for Biofuel

    10.3 Algae as Source of Biofuel

    10.4 Recent Research and Developments in Algal Biofuel

    10.5 Algal Biorefinery

    10.6 General conclusions

    References

    Chapter 11. Heterogeneous Catalysts for Biomass Conversion

    11.1 Zeolites

    11.2 Mesoporous Materials

    11.3 Metal Oxides

    11.4 Basic Rare Earth Layered Materials for Biodiesel Production

    11.5 Supported Metals and Ion-Exchanged Resins

    11.6 Outlook

    References

    Chapter 12. Processing Issues in Biofuels Production

    Acknowledgment

    12.1 Introduction

    12.2 Sources and Properties of Various Biomass

    12.3 Current Catalysts for Biomass Conversion

    12.4 Current Catalytic Processes for Biomass Conversion

    12.5 Environmental Concerns for Biomass Conversion

    References

    Chapter 13. Economic Analysis of Bioenergy: An Integrated Multidisciplinary Approach

    Acknowledgments

    13.1 Introduction

    13.2 Overview

    13.3 Case Study: Food Scraps and Anaerobic Digestion in the Hartford Metropolitan Statistical Area

    13.4 Spatial Analysis: Methods and Results

    13.5 Economic and Financial Performance: Methods and Results

    13.6 Conclusions

    References

    Chapter 14. Biofuels of the Present and the Future

    Acknowledgment

    14.1 Introduction

    14.2 Biofuels

    14.3 The Energy Problem

    14.4 Bioethanol as fuel

    14.5 Lignocellulosic biomass

    14.6 Unlocking Fermentable Sugars From Cellulosic Biomass

    14.7 Requirement of the Fungal Cellulase Complex

    14.8 Ethanol-Producing Organisms

    14.9 Higher Alcohols

    14.10 Biodiesel

    14.11 Other Potential Biofuels

    14.12 Commercial Developments

    14.13 US Government Initiatives

    14.14 Final Comments

    References

    Chapter 15. Catalysts for Biomass Conversion

    15.1 Introduction

    15.2 Sugar Platform

    15.3 Biodiesel

    15.4 Bio-Oil and its Upgrading

    15.5 Future Developments in Catalysis for Biomass Conversion

    15.6 Conclusions

    References

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 412
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2013
  • Published: July 17, 2013
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • eBook ISBN: 9780444538796
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780444538789

About the Editor

Steven Suib

Steve Suib is one of the leading figures in solid-state catalysis and renewable systems in the US. His 450 publications, 40 patents, and authorship on multiple books on the topic of catalysis is proof of this, as is his distinguished Professor status. He is also editor for Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, which puts him in a perfect position to keep abreast with current developments in the area.

He has been a prominent and prolific catalysis researcher for many years encompassing all aspects of the fields from synthesis, characterization, catalysis, to applications. He easily works in both basic fundamental academic research as well as applied industrial research.

Affiliations and Expertise

Board of Trustees Distinguished Professor, Director, Institute of Materials Science, University of Connecticut, USA His expertise is in the field of solid state inorganic chemistry including studies of zeolites and microporous materials; physical chemistry; environmental chemistry including green syntheses, heterogeneous catalysis; plasma chemistry and catalysis; semiconductors; inorganic photochemistry; photocatalysis; batteries; ceramics. Preparation and characterization of these systems using structural, crystallographic, surface, electrochemical, luminescence, microscopic and EPR techniques.

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