New and Future Developments in Catalysis - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780444538741, 9780444538758

New and Future Developments in Catalysis

1st Edition

Catalysis by Nanoparticles

Editors: Steven Suib
eBook ISBN: 9780444538758
Hardcover ISBN: 9780444538741
Imprint: Elsevier
Published Date: 29th July 2013
Page Count: 512
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Description

New and Future Developments in Catalysis is a package of seven books that compile the latest ideas concerning alternate and renewable energy sources and the role that catalysis plays in converting new renewable feedstock into biofuels and biochemicals. Both homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysts and catalytic processes will be discussed in a unified and comprehensive approach. There will be extensive cross-referencing within all volumes.

The use of catalysts in the nanoscale offers various advantages (increased efficiency and less byproducts), and these are discussed in this volume along with the various catalytic processes using nanoparticles. However, this is not without any risks and the safety aspects and effects on humans and the environment are still unknown. The present data as well as future needs are all part of this volume along with the economics involved.

Key Features

  • Offers in-depth coverage of all catalytic topics of current interest and outlines future challenges and research areas
  • A clear and visual description of all parameters and conditions, enabling the reader to draw conclusions for a particular case
  • Outlines the catalytic processes applicable to energy generation and design of green processes

Readership

Chemists, chemical engineers, and biochemical engineers working in academic and government research; academics, research students, post graduate and graduate students in these areas of study; materials scientists, environmental engineers, biochemists, petroleum engineers, post graduate and research students in these areas

Table of Contents

Introduction

Contributors

Chapter 1. Gold-Based Catalysts for CO Oxidation, the Water-Gas Shift, and Desulfurization Processes

Acknowledgments

1.1 Introduction

1.2 Bonding Interactions Between Gold and Metal Oxide or Carbide Surfaces

1.3 Oxidation of Carbon Monoxide on Au-Oxide and Au-Carbide Surfaces

1.4 Water-Gas Shift Reaction on Au-Oxide Surfaces

1.5 Decomposition of Sulfur Dioxide on Au-Oxide and Au-Carbide Surfaces

1.6 Conclusions

References

Chapter 2. Structural and Electronic Properties of Group 6 Transition Metal Oxide Clusters

Acknowledgments

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Accurate Thermochemistry for Transition Metal Oxide Clusters

2.3 Group 6 Transition Metal Oxides

2.4 Group 6 Transition Metal Hydroxides: Hydrolysis of Metal Oxide Clusters

Conclusions

References

Chapter 3. Nanoparticle Catalysis for Reforming of Biomass-Derived Fuels

Acknowledgment

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Biogas Reforming

3.3 Oxygenates Reforming

3.4 Conclusions

References

Chapter 4. Nanoparticles in Biocatalysis

4.1 What is Biocatalysis?

4.2 Nanomaterials as Enzyme Supports

4.3 Bionanocatalysis

4.4 Conclusion

References

Chapter 5. Thin Iron Heme Enzyme Films on Electrodes and Nanoparticles for Biocatalysis

Acknowledgments

5.1 Why Enzyme Biocatalysis on Electrodes and Nanoparticles?

5.2 Cyt P450 Electrocatalysis on Electrodes

5.3 Cyt P450 Biocatalysis on Nanoparticles

5.4 Summary and Prospects for the Future

References

Chapter 6. Nanoparticles as Enzyme Mimics

6.1 Introduction

6.2 Nanoparticles and Their Properties in Solution, Uptake in Cells, and Clearance

6.3 Chemically Active Nanoparticles

6.4 Other Oxidoreductase Mimics—Superoxide Dismutases and Oxidases

6.5 Conclusions/Outlook

References

Chapter 7. A Physical Approach to Monitoring Biological Activity of Nanoparticulates

Acknowledgments

7.1 Fibrous Character of Carbon Nanotubes (CNT)

7.2 Biological Activity of Nano-Sized Particulates of Some Oxides

7.3 In Vitro versus In Vivo Testing for Biotoxicity of Nanomaterials

7.4 Fundamental Approach to the Problem of Health Hazards Posed by Inhalation of Nanoparticulates of Diverse Chemicals

7.5 Experimental Evidence Forming the Basis of the Proposed Model

7.6 Physico-Chemical Approach to Monitoring Bioactivity

7.7 Thermally Stimulated Luminescence, Conductivity, and Exoelectron Emission [51–59]

7.8 How Can Emission Mössbauer Spectroscopy (EMS) Help in Identification and Estimation of Bioactive Defects?

7.9 Remedial Measures: Procedures Adopted for Preparation and Passivation of Defect Sites

7.10 Summary

References

Chapter 8. Morphology-Tailored Titania Nanoparticles

Acknowledgment

8.1 Introduction

8.2 Ionic Liquids

8.3 Combustion-Assisted Methods

8.4 Gas Flame Combustion

8.5 Sonochemical Methods

8.6 Reverse Microemulsion

8.7 Methods Starting from Metallic Titanium

8.8 Anodization

8.9 Modification of Commercial Titania

8.10 Miscellaneous Methods

8.11 Conclusions

References

Chapter 9. Metal Oxide Nanotube, Nanorod, and Quantum Dot Photocatalysis

Acknowledgments

9.1 Introduction

9.2 Semiconductor Photocatalysts

9.3 Advantages of Nanoparticles

9.4 Nanoparticle Synthesis

9.5 Doping

9.6 Metal Nanoparticles

9.7 Quantum Dots

9.8 Carbon Heterojunctions

9.9 Water Splitting

9.10 CO2 Reduction

9.11 Solar Photocatalysis

9.12 Photodynamic Therapy PDT

9.13 Future Directions

References

Chapter 10. Photocatalytic Nanooxides: The Case of TiO2 and ZnO

Acknowledgments

10.1 Introduction

10.2 The Case of Bare Oxides

10.3 Doping and Composite Systems Based in Titania and Zinc Oxides

References

Chapter 11. Recent Advances in Photocatalytic Processes by Nanomaterials

Acknowledgment

11.1 Photocatalysts and Mechanisms of Photocatalysis Processes

11.2 Applications of Photocatalysts

11.3 Challenges and Issues with Possible Solutions in Photocatalytic Processes

11.4 Conclusions

References

Chapter 12. Insights into Heterogeneous Catalysis through Surface Science Techniques

Acknowledgments

12.1 Introduction

12.2 X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy Under Near Ambient Conditions (APXPS)

12.3 Vibrational Spectroscopy at High Pressures

12.3.1 Polarization Modulation Infrared Reflection Absorption Spectroscopy (PM-IRRAS)

12.3.2 Sum Frequency Generation Spectroscopy

12.4 Surface Science Studies Using High Pressure Techniques

12.5 Conclusion and Outlook

References

Chapter 13. Block Copolymer Lithography

13.1 Introduction

13.2 Introduction to Block copolymers

13.3 Catalysis

13.4 New Frontiers: Plasmonics

13.5 Outlook

References

Chapter 14. Multi-Metallic Nanoparticles as More Efficient Catalysts for Fuel Cell Reactions

14.1 Introduction

14.2 Multi-Metallic Alloy NPs

14.3 Dumbbell NPs

14.4 Core/Shell NPs

14.5 Conclusions and Perspectives

References

Chapter 15. Hydrogenation by Nanoparticle Catalysts

Acknowledgment

15.1 Introduction

15.2 Hydrogenation Catalysts

15.3 Hydrogenation by Monometallic Nanoparticles

15.4 Hydrogenation by Bimetallic Nanoparticles

15.5 Hydrogenation by Multimetallic Nanoparticles

15.6 Future Outlook: Nanoparticle-Catalyzed Hydrodeoxygenation

15.7 Summary

References

Chapter 16. Silicone Stabilized Nanoparticles as Hybrid Phase Catalysts for Selective Hydrolytic Oxidation of Hydrosilanes

Acknowledgments

16.1 Introduction

16.2 What are Silanols?

16.3 Pt-nanoparticle Catalyzed Hydrolytic Oxidation of Organosilanes

16.4 Investigation of the Nature of Catalysts

16.5 Mechanistic Proposal

16.6 Polymerization of Bis-silanols via Dehydrocoupling Reaction

16.7 Conclusion

16.8 Experimental Section

16.8.1 Preparation and Characterization of Functional Silanes (1j-1n and 1p-1s)

References

Chapter 17. Basics of PEMFC Including the Use of Carbon-Supported Nanoparticles

Acknowledgments

17.1 Introduction

17.2 Basics of PEFMC Operation

17.3 Durability Issues in Fuel Cells

17.4 Beyond Classical Carbon-Supported Pt-Based Nanoparticles

17.5 Conclusion

References

Chapter 18. Supported Gold Nanoparticles as Heterogeneous Catalysts

18.1 Introduction and Historical Perspective of Recent Gold Catalysis Developments

18.2 Methodologies to Obtain Gold Nanoparticles Supported on Insoluble Solids

18.3 Role of Support

18.4 Role of Metal Oxides in Gold Catalysis

18.5 Gold Nanoparticles as Catalysts in Organic Reactions

18.6 Aerobic Oxidation of Alcohols

18.7 Selective Nitro Group Hydrogenation

18.8 Concluding Remarks and Future Prospects

References

Chapter 19. Developing Semiconductive Catalysts with Three-Dimensional Nanobranches via Solution Routes

19.1 Advantages of Morphological Branching-out for Semiconductive Heterogeneous Catalysts from Solution Syntheses

19.2 Simple Multi-pods

19.3 Nanobranched Multi-pods

19.4 From Complex Multi-pods to Koosh Balls

19.5 Nanotetrapod in a Hollow Nanotetrapod: the Power of Selective Dissolution

19.6 Secondary Nanobranches On 1D Primary Structures

19.7 Secondary Nanobranches on 2D and 3D Primary Structures

19.8 Tertiary and Quaternary Structures from Hierarchical Nanobranch Growths

19.9 Micropatterned Arrays of Tertiary Cactus Structures

19.10 3D Self-Assembled Nanobranches

19.11 3D Networks of Interconnecting Nanowires

19.12 What Next?

References

Chapter 20. Nanoparticle Catalysis by Surface Plasmon

Acknowledgments

20.1 Introduction

20.2 Plasmon-Driven Surface Catalyzed Reaction

20.3 Conclusions

References

Index

Details

No. of pages:
512
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Elsevier 2013
Published:
Imprint:
Elsevier
eBook ISBN:
9780444538758
Hardcover ISBN:
9780444538741

About the Editor

Steven Suib

Steve Suib is one of the leading figures in solid-state catalysis and renewable systems in the US. His 450 publications, 40 patents, and authorship on multiple books on the topic of catalysis is proof of this, as is his distinguished Professor status. He is also editor for Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, which puts him in a perfect position to keep abreast with current developments in the area.

He has been a prominent and prolific catalysis researcher for many years encompassing all aspects of the fields from synthesis, characterization, catalysis, to applications. He easily works in both basic fundamental academic research as well as applied industrial research.

Affiliations and Expertise

Board of Trustees Distinguished Professor, Director, Institute of Materials Science, University of Connecticut, USA His expertise is in the field of solid state inorganic chemistry including studies of zeolites and microporous materials; physical chemistry; environmental chemistry including green syntheses, heterogeneous catalysis; plasma chemistry and catalysis; semiconductors; inorganic photochemistry; photocatalysis; batteries; ceramics. Preparation and characterization of these systems using structural, crystallographic, surface, electrochemical, luminescence, microscopic and EPR techniques.

Reviews

"Chemists and material scientists survey nanometer-sized particles that have an influence on catalytic activity, selectivity, and stability and modern synthetic methods used to make nano-sized particles. The topics include nanoparticle catalysis for reforming biomass-derived fuels, thin iron heme enzyme films on electrode and nanoparticles for biocatalysis, insights into heterogeneous catalysis through surface science techniques, hydrogenation by nanoparticle catalysts…" --Reference & Research Book News, December 2013