New and Future Developments in Catalysis

New and Future Developments in Catalysis

Catalysis for Remediation and Environmental Concerns

1st Edition - July 17, 2013

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  • Editor: Steven Suib
  • eBook ISBN: 9780444538710
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780444538703

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Description

New and Future Developments in Catalysis is a package of seven books that compile the latest ideas concerning alternate and renewable energy sources and the role that catalysis plays in converting new renewable feedstock into biofuels and biochemicals. Both homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysts and catalytic processes will be discussed in a unified and comprehensive approach. There will be extensive cross-referencing within all volumes.The various sources of environmental pollution are the theme of this volume. The volume lists all current environmentally friendly catalytic chemical processes used for environmental remediation and critically compares their economic viability.

Key Features

  • Offers in-depth coverage of all catalytic topics of current interest and outlines future challenges and research areas
  • A clear and visual description of all parameters and conditions, enabling the reader to draw conclusions for a particular case
  • Outlines the catalytic processes applicable to energy generation and design of green processes

Readership

Chemists, chemical engineers, and biochemical engineers working in academic and government research; academics, research students, post graduate and graduate students in these areas of study; materials scientists, environmental engineers, biochemists, petroleum engineers, post graduate and research students in these areas

Table of Contents

  • Introduction

    Contributors

    Chapter 1. Photocatalysts for Elimination of Toxins on Surfaces and in Air Using UV and Visible Light

    Acknowledgments

    1.1 Introduction

    1.2 Titanium Dioxide-Based Photocatalysis

    1.3 Photocatalytic Mineralization of Organic Pollutants with Titania-Based Mixed Oxide Supports

    1.4 Silica-Based Photocatalysis

    References

    Chapter 2. Cleaner, Greener Approaches to Synthetic Chemistry

    Acknowledgments

    2.1 Introduction

    2.2 Principles of Green Chemistry

    2.3 Addressing the Need to Heat

    2.4 Addressing the Choice of Solvent

    2.5 Addressing the Need for Less Toxic Reagents

    2.6 Addressing the need to Monitor

    2.7 Summary

    References

    Chapter 3. Green Synthesis of Iron Nanomaterials for Oxidative Catalysis of Organic Environmental Pollutants

    Acknowledgment

    3.1 Synthesis

    3.2 Characterization

    3.3 Applications

    3.4 Conclusions and Future Directions

    References

    Chapter 4. Catalysts for Environmental Remediation—Examples in Photo- and Heterogeneous Catalysis

    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 Examples in Heterogeneous Catalysis

    4.3 Examples in Photocatalysis

    4.4 Conclusions

    References

    Chapter 5. Catalytic Processes for the Production of Clean Fuels

    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 Syngas-Based Fuels

    5.3 Biofuels

    5.4 Conclusions

    References

    Chapter 6. Advances in Sorbents and Photocatalytic Materials for Water Remediation

    6.1 Introduction

    6.2 Zeolites as Sorbents

    6.3 Photocatalysis

    6.4 Conclusion

    References

    Chapter 7. Abatement of NOx and N2O Using Zeolite Catalysts

    Acknowledgments

    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 H-Zeolites

    7.3 Metallo-Zeolites

    7.4 Bimetallic and Polymetallic Zeolites

    7.5 Conclusions

    References

    Chapter 8. The Convergence of Emission Control and Source of Clean Energy

    Acknowledgment

    8.1 Introduction

    8.2 Controlling Emissions from Mobile Sources

    8.3 Emission Control from Stationary Sources

    8.4 Biomass to Fuel: A Path to Environmental and Energy Sustainability

    8.5 Conclusions

    References

    Chapter 9. Structured Catalysts for Volatile Organic Compound Removal

    9.1 Structured Catalysts and Reactors

    9.2 Application to VOCs Elimination—Powder Catalysts

    9.2.1 OVOC

    9.2.2 Hydrocarbons (HVOC)

    9.2.3 Mixtures of VOCs

    9.3 Structured Catalyst

    9.4 Where the Future is?

    References

    Chapter 10. Engineering Aspects of Catalytic Converters Designs for Cleaning of Exhaust Gases

    Acknowledgments

    10.1 Introduction

    10.2 Overview of Processes and Reactors

    10.3 Physical Properties of Solid Catalysts

    10.4 Reaction and Diffusion in Porous Catalysts: Effectiveness Factor

    10.5 Model of the Tubular Reactor

    10.6 Permissible Simplifications of the Model

    10.7 Flow Resistance, Heat, and Mass Transfer Characteristics of Catalytic Reactors

    10.8 Prospective Catalytic Reactors

    References

    Chapter 11. Electrochemical Promotion of Catalysis for Automotive Post-Treatment and Air Cleaning

    11.1 Concept and Physicochemical Origins

    11.2 Challenges of Automotive Post-Treatment and Air Cleaning

    11.3 EPOC for Automotive Post-Treatment

    11.4 EPOC for Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) Oxidation

    11.5 Conclusions

    References

    Chapter 12. Sources of Environmental Pollution: Persistent Organic Pollutants

    12.1 Introduction

    12.2 Sources and Environmental Fate

    12.3 Analytical Techniques for POPs

    12.4 Toxicity Assessment

    12.5 Conclusions

    Abbreviations

    References

    Chapter 13. Direct Catalytic Decomposition of N2O over Cu- and Fe-Zeolites

    Acknowledgments

    13.1 Introduction

    13.2 Loading of Copper and Iron in the Zeolites

    13.3 Activation

    13.4 Direct Catalytic Decomposition of N2O

    13.5 Conclusions

    References

    Chapter 14. Exploring Flavin as Catalyst for the Remediation of Halogenated Compounds

    Acknowledgments

    14.1 Introduction

    14.2 Halogenated Organic Compounds (HOCs)

    14.3 Flavins

    14.4 Bioremediation of HOCs with Flavin Monooxygenases (FMOs)

    14.5 Chemremediation of HOCs with Synthetic Flavins

    14.6 Summary and Future Prospects

    References

    Chapter 15. NOx Removal Using Novel Catalytic Methods

    15.1 Environmental Issues in Nitrogen Circulation

    15.2 Recent Situation on the NOx Removal

    15.3 Conclusion

    References

    Chapter 16. Advances in Catalyst and Process Design for Air Pollutants Abatement

    Acknowledgments

    16.1 Introduction

    16.2 Sources of Gaseous Pollutants

    16.3 Catalysts for Pollutants Abatement

    16.4 Catalytic Processes for Air Pollutants Abatement

    16.5 Perspectives

    References

    Chapter 17. Current Heterogeneous Catalytic Processes for Environmental Remediation of Air, Water, and Soil

    17.1 Introduction

    17.2 Catalytic Purification of Gases

    17.3 Advanced Oxidative Processes for the Purification of Water

    17.4 Recovery of Precious Metals

    17.5 Conclusions

    References

    Chapter 18. Carbon Dioxide, Chemical Valorization, and Mitigation in the Refinery

    18.1 Introduction

    18.2 CO2 and CO Production Based on an Integrated Hydrocarbon-Bio-Oil Co-Process into Fcc Process

    18.3 Chemical Valorization of CO and CO2

    18.4 Outlook

    References

    Chapter 19. Asymmetric Organocatalysis for the Construction of Quaternary Carbon Stereogenic Centers

    Acknowledgments

    19.1 Introduction

    19.2 Michael and Related Conjugate Addition Reactions

    19.3 Robinson-Type Annulation

    19.4 Aldol and Mannich Reactions

    19.5 Alkylation

    19.6 Domino or Cascade Reactions

    19.7 Diels-Alder and Related Cycloaddition

    19.8 Miscellaneous Reactions

    19.9 Conclusions

    References

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 630
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2013
  • Published: July 17, 2013
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • eBook ISBN: 9780444538710
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780444538703

About the Editor

Steven Suib

Steve Suib is one of the leading figures in solid-state catalysis and renewable systems in the US. His 450 publications, 40 patents, and authorship on multiple books on the topic of catalysis is proof of this, as is his distinguished Professor status. He is also editor for Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, which puts him in a perfect position to keep abreast with current developments in the area.

He has been a prominent and prolific catalysis researcher for many years encompassing all aspects of the fields from synthesis, characterization, catalysis, to applications. He easily works in both basic fundamental academic research as well as applied industrial research.

Affiliations and Expertise

Board of Trustees Distinguished Professor, Director, Institute of Materials Science, University of Connecticut, USA His expertise is in the field of solid state inorganic chemistry including studies of zeolites and microporous materials; physical chemistry; environmental chemistry including green syntheses, heterogeneous catalysis; plasma chemistry and catalysis; semiconductors; inorganic photochemistry; photocatalysis; batteries; ceramics. Preparation and characterization of these systems using structural, crystallographic, surface, electrochemical, luminescence, microscopic and EPR techniques.

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