Description

This work covers in some detail the application of neutron scattering to different fields of physics, materials science, chemistry, biology, the earth sciences and engineering. Its goal is to enable researchers in a particular area to identify aspects of their work in which neutron scattering techniques might contribute, conceive the important experiments to be done, assess what is required to carry them out, write a successful proposal for one of the major user facilities, and perform the experiments under the guidance of the appropriate instrument scientist.

The authors of the various chapters take account of the advances in experimental techniques over the past 25 years--for example, neutron reflectivity and spin-echo spectroscopy and techniques for probing the dynamics of complex materials and biological systems. Furthermore, with the third-generation spallation sources recently constructed in the United States and Japan and in the advanced planning stage in Europe, there is an increasing interest in time-of-flight techniques and short wavelengths. Correspondingly, the improved performance of cold moderators at both reactors and spallation sources has extended the long-wavelength capabilities.

Key Features

  • Chapter authors are pre-eminent in their field
  • Seminal experiments are presented as examples
  • Provides guidance on how to plan, execute and analyse experiments

Readership

Experimental research workers; practitioners in academic, government and industrial institutions; graduate students in physics, chemistry, and engineering.

Table of Contents

Series Page

Contributors

Volume in Series

Experimental Methods in the Physical Sciences

Preface

References

Symbols

Reference

Chapter 1. An Introduction to Neutron Scattering

Abstract

1.1 Fundamentals

1.2 Scattering Foundations

1.3 Canonical Solids

1.4 Beyond Canonical Solids

1.5 Magnetic Structure and Polarized Neutrons

1.6 Spin Dynamics

1.7 Nuclear Spin: Order and Disorder

1.8 Outlook

References

Chapter 2. Neutron Sources

Abstract

2.1 Scope

2.2 Useful Neutron Production Reactions

2.3 Neutron Slowing Down and Moderators

2.4 Basic Building Blocks of Accelerators to Drive Neutron Sources

2.5 Accelerator-Driven Sources: Some Predecessors

2.6 State-of-the-Art Accelerator Drivers for Neutron Sources

2.7 Research Reactors

2.8 Future Prospects

2.9 Nonneutron-Scattering Uses of Neutron Sources

Acknowledgments

References

Chapter 3. Experimental Techniques

Abstract

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Scattering Measurements

3.3 Useful Neutrons for Condensed Matter Science

3.4 Diffraction Techniques

3.5 Inelastic Scattering Techniques

3.6 Instruments for Semi-Macroscopic Structures

3.7 Neutron Detectors

3.8 Beam Transport and Tailoring

References

Chapter 4. Structure of Complex Materials

Abstract

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Useful Properties of Neutrons

4.3 What Can Be Learnt from Neutron Diffraction Experiments?

4.4 Outlook

4.5 Conclusions

References

Chapter 5. Large-Scale Structures

Abstract

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Experimental Details

5.3 Thin Films, Interfaces, and Solutions

5.4 Summary and Future Prospects

References

Chapter 6. Dynamics

Details

No. of pages:
576
Language:
English
Copyright:
© 2013
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
Print ISBN:
9780123983749
Electronic ISBN:
9780123983855

Reviews

"...aims to cover the three-dimensional landscape of the neutron methods, the scientific topics and the potential users. It succeeds nicely in doing so...by providing a source of information for both experts as well as potential (new) users."--Neutron News,Oct 30 2014