Volume in Series
Experimental Methods in the Physical Sciences
Chapter 1. An Introduction to Neutron Scattering
1.2 Scattering Foundations
1.3 Canonical Solids
1.4 Beyond Canonical Solids
1.5 Magnetic Structure and Polarized Neutrons
1.6 Spin Dynamics
1.7 Nuclear Spin: Order and Disorder
Chapter 2. Neutron Sources
2.2 Useful Neutron Production Reactions
2.3 Neutron Slowing Down and Moderators
2.4 Basic Building Blocks of Accelerators to Drive Neutron Sources
2.5 Accelerator-Driven Sources: Some Predecessors
2.6 State-of-the-Art Accelerator Drivers for Neutron Sources
2.7 Research Reactors
2.8 Future Prospects
2.9 Nonneutron-Scattering Uses of Neutron Sources
Chapter 3. Experimental Techniques
3.2 Scattering Measurements
3.3 Useful Neutrons for Condensed Matter Science
3.4 Diffraction Techniques
3.5 Inelastic Scattering Techniques
3.6 Instruments for Semi-Macroscopic Structures
3.7 Neutron Detectors
3.8 Beam Transport and Tailoring
Chapter 4. Structure of Complex Materials
4.2 Useful Properties of Neutrons
4.3 What Can Be Learnt from Neutron Diffraction Experiments?
Chapter 5. Large-Scale Structures
5.2 Experimental Details
5.3 Thin Films, Interfaces, and Solutions
5.4 Summary and Future Prospects
Chapter 6. Dynamics of Atoms and Molecules
6.2 Brief Review of Theoretical Concepts
6.5 Oscillatory Motion, Incoherent Scattering
6.6 Oscillatory Motion, Coherent Scattering
6.8 Stochastic Relaxation/Dynamics
6.9 Conclusion and Perspectives
Appendix. Neutron Scattering Lengths and Cross Sections
A.2 Theoretical Background
A.3 Methods of Measurement of Scattering Lengths
A.4 Tables of Neutron Scattering Lengths and Cross Sections
This work covers in some detail the application of neutron scattering to different fields of physics, materials science, chemistry, biology, the earth sciences and engineering. Its goal is to enable researchers in a particular area to identify aspects of their work in which neutron scattering techniques might contribute, conceive the important experiments to be done, assess what is required to carry them out, write a successful proposal for one of the major user facilities, and perform the experiments under the guidance of the appropriate instrument scientist.
The authors of the various chapters take account of the advances in experimental techniques over the past 25 years--for example, neutron reflectivity and spin-echo spectroscopy and techniques for probing the dynamics of complex materials and biological systems. Furthermore, with the third-generation spallation sources recently constructed in the United States and Japan and in the advanced planning stage in Europe, there is an increasing interest in time-of-flight techniques and short wavelengths. Correspondingly, the improved performance of cold moderators at both reactors and spallation sources has extended the long-wavelength capabilities.
- Chapter authors are pre-eminent in their field
- Seminal experiments are presented as examples
- Provides guidance on how to plan, execute and analyse experiments
Experimental research workers; practitioners in academic, government and industrial institutions; graduate students in physics, chemistry, and engineering.
- No. of pages:
- © Academic Press 2013
- 1st October 2013
- Academic Press
- eBook ISBN:
- Hardcover ISBN:
"...aims to cover the three-dimensional landscape of the neutron methods, the scientific topics and the potential users. It succeeds nicely in doing so...by providing a source of information for both experts as well as potential (new) users."--Neutron News,Oct 30 2014
Felix Fernandez-Alonso graduated with a Ph.D. in Chemistry from Stanford University under the supervision of R.N. Zare. He has been Marie Curie Fellow with the Italian Research Council and Associate Lecturer in Chemistry with the Open University. He joined the ISIS Pulsed Neutron and Muon Source at the Rutherford Appleton Laboratory in the UK in 2003, where he is currently head of the Molecular Spectroscopy Group and coordinator of the Centre for Molecular Structure and Dynamics. He has been appointed Visiting Professor at University College London and Nottingham Trent University in the UK, and at the University of Orléans in France. He is also Fellow of the UK Royal Society of Chemistry and scientific consultant for the chemical industry.
Dr. Fernandez-Alonso’s current research interests focus on the development and subsequent exploitation of neutron scattering techniques in physical chemistry, with particular emphasis on materials-chemistry challenges of relevance to societal needs and long-term sustainability. These include gas and charge storage in nanostructured media, molecular and macromolecular intercalation phenomena, and solid-state protonics. He has approximately 100 refereed publications and is currently involved in several neutron instrumentation projects at ISIS and abroad.
Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Chilton, Didcot, UK
David L. Price obtained a Ph.D. in Physics from Cambridge University under the supervision of G. L. Squires. He has subsequently had a 40-year career in research and administration involving neutron and x-ray experiments and facilities. After a postdoctoral appointment at the High-Flux Beam Reactor (HFBR) at Brookhaven National Laboratory, he joined the staff at Argonne National Laboratory where he served variously as Senior Scientist, Director of the Solid-State Science Division and Director of the Intense Pulsed Neutron Source (IPNS) during its construction and commissioning phases. He later joined Oak Ridge National Laboratory as Executive Director of the High-Flux Isotope Reactor and Center for Neutron Scattering. He has been invited as Distinguished Visiting Professor at the Graduate University for Advanced Studies, Hayama, Japan, and as Visiting Fellow Commoner at Trinity College, Cambridge, UK. He received the Warren Prize of the American Crystallographic Association in 1997 and an Alexander Von Humboldt Research Award in 1998. He is a Fellow of the American Physical Society, the Institute of Physics, UK, and the Neutron Scattering Society of America.
Dr. Price’s specific research interests include order and disorder in solids and liquids, the dynamics of disordered systems, the glass transition and melting,
neutron diffraction with isotope substitution, and deep inelastic and quasielastic neutron scattering. His monograph on High-Temperature Levitated Materials was published by Cambridge University Press in 2010. He has over 250 refereed publications and has designed and commissioned neutron scattering spectrometers at the HFBR and at the CP-5 Research Reactor and the IPNS at Argonne.
CEMHTI, Orléans, France