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Neurotherapeutics in the Era of Translational Medicine - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780128164754, 9780128172742

Neurotherapeutics in the Era of Translational Medicine

1st Edition

Editors: Richard A. Smith Brian K. Kaspar Clive N. Svendsen
eBook ISBN: 9780128172742
Hardcover ISBN: 9780323907262
Paperback ISBN: 9780128164754
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th November 2020
Page Count: 518
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Description

For the first time in history, there is now hope for treating neurological disorders that had previously been considered untreatable. The remarkable confluence of events that has heralded this is the focus of Neurotherapeutics in the Era of Translational Medicine. This anthology, written by many of the prominent scientists and researchers in the field of biotechnology, recounts the breathtaking advances that are revolutionizing treatment for disorders such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis‎, spinal muscular atrophy, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, myasthenia gravis, migraine, and glioblastoma. The "story behind the story" of these translational efforts is told, with authors depicting the ups and downs encountered on the path of their drug discovery and development effort. In parallel with this path, advances in identifying novel biomarkers and disease models are summarized, as are contemporary issues focusing on clinical trial design, bioethics, innovative funding strategies, and collaborations between government and academia in an effort to facilitate breakthrough treatments. The book is written by members of the biotech and pharmaceutical ecosystem for those who belong to it and aspire to become part of it.

Key Features

  • Comprehensive review on the progress of translational research in neurotherapeutics for neurologic disorders
  • Discusses important issues in clinical trials such as design and ethical issues
  • Written for neuroscientists, neurologists and pharmacologists

Readership

Neuroscientists, neurologists, pharmacologists, biotechnology executives

Table of Contents

  1. Development of a molecular therapy for the SOD1 familial variant of ALS
    2. Unraveling molecular biology of C9ORF72 repeat expansions in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis-frontotemporal dementia: Implications for therapy
    3. Translating molecular therapies for spinal muscular atrophy
    4. From uncovering the mechanism of transthyretin aggregation to the drug tafamidis for ameliorating neurodegeneration and cardiomyopathy
    5. A novel treatment for Parkinson's disease and ALS: Combined cell
    and gene therapies
    6. Parkinson's disease: Genetic-driven therapeutic approaches
    7. Neural stem cell-mediated brain tumor therapy
    8. Advances in migraine therapeutics: The role of calcitonin
    gene-related peptide
    9. The impact of translational research on the development of therapeutic
    agents for multiple sclerosis
    10. Advances in treating myasthenia gravis
    11. The endocannabinoid system as a target for the treatment
    of neurological disorders
    12. Identification of biomarkers for diagnosing and monitoring therapy in the treatment of neurologic disorders
    13. 3D Alzheimer's disease in a dish: Implications for drug discovery
    14. Improving clinical trial efficiency with machine learning models
    of disease progression
    15. Positron emission tomography imaging agents for evaluating the pathologic features of Alzheimer's disease and drug development
    16. Repurposing FDA-approved pharmaceuticals: The development
    of Nuedexta
    17. Bioethics in the era of translational medicine
    18. Government efforts to promote the development of neurotherapeutics for the treatment of neurological diseases
    19. Innovative funding models for neurotherapeutics

Details

No. of pages:
518
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 2020
Published:
28th November 2020
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780128172742
Hardcover ISBN:
9780323907262
Paperback ISBN:
9780128164754

About the Editors

Richard A. Smith

Richard A. Smith

Dr. Smith is the Director at the Center for Neurologic Study in La Jolla. During his neurology residency at Stanford University, Dr. Smith began his first studies of Lou Gehrig's Disease which has remained his principal career interest. His initial studies focused on the symptomatic treatment of ALS but at Scripp's Research Institute, he began to research the cause of ALS and subsequently directed his major effort to developing a therapy for ALS and kindred disorders. His earliest publications in the New England Journal, British Medical Journal, etc. were among the first to demonstrate the utility of symptomatic management in the care of ALS patients. Dr. Smith was one of the first investigators to recognize the potential of interferon as a treatment modality for neurologic disorders, and his work on the pharmacology of interferon contributed to the adoption of interferon as a treatment for multiple sclerosis. Along with colleagues Barry Festoff and Schlomo Melmed, Dr. Smith conducted the first trial of a growth factor (IGF-1) as a potential treatment for neurological disorders. More recent achievements include the development of DMQ which was approved by FDA in 2011 for the treatment of emotional lability associated with ALS and kindred diseases. Last July, in a nationwide controlled study, he and his colleagues demonstrated enhancement of speech and swallowing in ALS. This medical milestone is unique in that no pharmacologic intervention had ever improved function in this disorder. Perhaps his most notable achievement is his realization that it would be possible to downregulate the expression of gene products in the central nervous system using antisense therapeutics. This work was undertaken with Don Cleveland (UCSD) and Ionis Pharmaceutical Corp. Last year, the FDA approved Spinraza, an antisense product for the treatment of spinal muscular atrophy (SMA1), and in the last few months, Roche Pharmaceuticals announced that their Phase 1/2 treatment trial of Huntington’s disease was a success. The endpoint for this study was the reduction of Huntington protein in the spinal fluid. Based on this result and preclinical work in animals, there is reason to believe that this treatment strategy will result in the first meaningful therapy for Huntington’s.

Affiliations and Expertise

Director, Center for Neurologic Study, La Jolla, CA, USA

Brian K. Kaspar

Brian K. Kaspar

Dr. Kaspar is the scientific founder of Milo Biotechnology, a gene therapy company focused on muscle regeneration. He was formerly Principal Investigator in the Center for Gene Therapy, Associate Professor in the Department of Pediatrics and Department of Neuroscience at the College of Medicine in the The Research Institute at Nationwide Children's Hospital in Columbus, Ohio and has founded several biotechnology companies such as AveXis where he served as CSO and Celenex.

Affiliations and Expertise

Scientific Founder, Milo Biotechnology, San Diego, CA, United States

Clive N. Svendsen

Clive N. Svendsen

Dr. Svendsen did his pre doctoral training at Harvard University and received his PhD from the University of Cambridge in England where he then established a stem cell research group before moving to the University of Wisconsin in 2000 to became Professor of Neurology and Anatomy, Director of an NIH funded Stem Cell Training Program and Co-Director of the University of Wisconsin Stem Cell and Regenerative Medicine Center. In 2010 he moved to Los Angeles to establish and direct the Cedars-Sinai Regenerative Medicine Institute which currently has 15 faculty members and approximately 100 staff. One focus of his current research is to derive cells from patients with specific disorders which can then be "reprogrammed" to a primitive state and used as powerful models of human disease. Dr. Svendsen led the first groups to successfully model both Spinal Muscular Atrophy and more recently Huntington’s Disease using this technology. The other side of his research involves cutting edge clinical trials. He was involved with one of the first growth factor treatments for Parkinson’s Disease and is currently working closely with neurosurgeons, neurologists and other scientists to develop novel ways of using stem cells modified to release powerful growth factors to treat patients with neurological diseases such as ALS, Huntington’s, Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s.

Affiliations and Expertise

Director, Board of Governors Regenerative Medicine Institute, Cedars-Sinai, Advanced Health Sciences Pavilion, Los Angeles, CA, USA

Ratings and Reviews