Neurologic Aspects of Systemic Disease, Part III

Neurologic Aspects of Systemic Disease, Part III

1st Edition - January 9, 2014
This is the Latest Edition
  • Editors: José Biller, José Ferro
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780702040887
  • eBook ISBN: 9780702044342

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Description

Systemic disease involves several parts of the body or the complete system. This comprehensive reference focuses on the specific neurologic aspects of systemic disease. Part 3 includes coverage of oncologic disorders, organ transplantation, infectious diseases, tropical neurology, pregnancy, neuroanesthesia and other diseases and disorders. Each chapter provides a complete introduction to the neurologic aspect and provides the best known diagnostic and treatment practices. The collection will be a valuable and trusted resource for clinical neurologists, research neurologists and neuroscientists and general medical professionals as a first stop for a comprehensive and focused review of the state of the art for understanding the neurologic impact of each covered disease.

Key Features

  • A comprehensive introduction and overview of the neurologic aspects of systemic disease
  • Part 3 covers of oncologic disorders, organ transplantation, infectious diseases, tropical neurology, pregnancy, neuroanesthesia and other diseases and disorders
  • Each chapter focuses on the neurologic aspects related to a specific disease presentation

Table of Contents

  • Handbook of Clinical Neurology 3rd Series
    Foreword
    Preface
    Contributors
    SECTION 11: Neurologic aspects of oncologic disorders
    Chapter 77: Brain metastases
    Abstract

    Introduction

    Incidence and primary tumors

    Clinical findings

    Pathophysiology and pathology

    Diagnostic procedures

    Differential diagnosis

    Treatment

    Conclusions

    Chapter 78: Paraneoplastic disorders of the central and peripheral nervous systems
    Abstract

    Introduction

    General considerations

    Specific paraneoplastic neurologic syndromes

    Clinical management and principles of treatment

    Chapter 79: Radiation therapy in neurologic disease
    Abstract

    Introduction

    Process of irradiation

    Biology

    Physics

    The use of radiotherapy in the treatment of neurologic disease

    Normal tissue effects of radiation therapy seen in neurologic practice

    Conclusion

    Chapter 80: Neurologic complications of chemotherapy and other newer and experimental approaches
    Abstract

    Introduction

    Neurologic complications in the peripheral nervous system

    Complications of chemotherapy in the central nervous system

    Chemobrain

    Chapter 81: Neurologic aspects of palliative care: the end of life setting
    Abstract

    Introduction

    Neurologic signs and symptoms in the end of life phase

    Supportive treatment of neurologic symptoms

    Impaired motor functioning and immobility

    End of life decisions

    Decision making and advance care planning

    Bereavement care

    Conclusion

    SECTION 12: Neurologic aspects of organ transplantation
    Chapter 82: Neurologic aspects of heart transplantation
    Abstract

    Introduction

    Preoperative evaluation of neurologic disease

    Postoperative neurologic complications

    Long-term neurologic aspects of heart transplantation

    Chapter 83: Clinical neurology in lung transplantation
    Abstract

    Introduction

    Background

    Lung transplant candidate evaluation

    Lung allograft procurement

    Lung transplant procedure

    Expected outcomes and complications after lung transplantation

    Neurologic complications after lung transplantation

    Neuropsychological effects of organ transplantation

    Summary

    Chapter 84: Neurologic complications in renal transplantation
    Abstract

    Introduction

    Drug-related neurotoxicity

    Infectious causes

    Neoplastic diseases

    Cerebrovascular disease

    Peripheral neuropathy

    Metabolic causes

    Diagnostic approach

    Treatment

    Summary

    Chapter 85: Neurologic complications of liver transplantation
    Abstract

    Introduction

    Liver transplantion: Past and present

    Clinical features

    Abnormal conscious state

    Seizures

    Brain edema

    Central nervous system infections

    Central nervous system malignant tumors

    Neuromuscular complications

    Conclusions

    Chapter 86: Neurologic complications of intestinal transplantation
    Abstract

    Introduction

    General remarks

    Neurologic complications

    Conclusions

    Chapter 87: Neurologic complications of pancreas and small bowel transplantation
    Abstract

    Introduction

    Period preceding transplantation

    Perioperative neurologic complications

    First postoperative month

    First 6 months after transplantation

    Pancreas Transplantation

    Small bowel transplantation

    Conclusions

    Chapter 88: Neurologic complications of bone marrow transplantation
    Abstract

    Historical background

    Neurologic complications in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation

    Encephalopathies and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation

    Immunosuppressive drugs associated with neurotoxicity in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation

    Infections associated with neurotoxicity in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation

    Neurologic complications associated with chronic graft-versus-host disease

    Conclusion

    Chapter 89: Neurologic aspects of multiple organ transplantation
    Abstract

    Introduction

    Multivisceral transplantation

    Neurologic complications of multivisceral and intestinal transplantation

    Heart–lung transplantation

    Kidney–pancreas transplantation

    Combined solid organ and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation

    Acknowledgements

    SECTION 13: Neurologic aspects of infectious diseases/tropical neurology
    Chapter 90: Neurologic diseases in HIV-infected patients
    Abstract

    Introduction

    Etiology and diagnostic approach

    Pathogenesis of neurologic complications of HIV

    Opportunistic infections

    Spinal cord disorders in HIV patients/vacuolar myelopathy

    Neuromuscular disorders

    Neurosyphilis

    Tuberculosis of the central nervous system

    HIV-associated neurocognitive disorder

    Chapter 91: Measles, mumps, rubella, and human parvovirus B19 infections and neurologic disease
    Abstract

    Measles and mumps viruses

    Rubella

    Human parvovirus B19

    Chapter 92: Neurologic manifestations of diphtheria and pertussis
    Abstract

    Diphtheria

    Pertussis

    Immunization against diphtheria and pertussis

    Chapter 93: Bacterial meningitis
    Abstract

    Introduction

    Epidemiology

    Genetics

    Pathophysiology and pathology

    Clinical presentation

    Management

    Outcome

    Chapter 94: Encephalitis
    Abstract

    Introduction

    Etiology

    Clinical presentation

    Diagnosis

    Treatment

    Chapter 95: Fungal infections of the central nervous system
    Abstract

    Introduction

    Epidemiology

    Fungal pathogens

    Predisposing factors

    Pathogenesis

    Clinical syndromes

    Laboratory diagnosis

    Imaging

    Therapy

    Specific central nervous system fungal infections

    Conclusion

    Chapter 96: Rickettsiae, protozoa, and opisthokonta/metazoa
    Abstract

    Rickettsiae (infection with rhizobiales)

    Protozoa and metazoa (opisthokonta) of the nervous system

    Helminthic infections and infestations of the central nervous system

    Metazoa

    Chapter 97: Neurocysticercosis
    Abstract

    History

    Epidemiology

    Etiopathogenesis

    Clinical manifestations

    Diagnosis

    Treatment

    Control measures

    Chapter 98: Neurosyphilis
    Abstract

    Historical note and nomenclature

    Epidemiology

    Pathogenesis

    Clinical manifestations of syphilis

    Neurosyphilis

    Diagnosis

    Treatment

    Chapter 99: Nervous system Lyme disease
    Abstract

    History

    Clinical findings

    Laboratory investigations

    Neuroimaging

    Pathology and pathogenesis

    Differential diagnosis

    Management

    Conclusion

    Chapter 100: Tuberculosis
    Abstract

    Introduction

    The etiologic agent

    Pathogenesis of central nervous system tuberculosis

    Clinical findings

    Chapter 101: Rabies, tetanus, leprosy, and malaria
    Abstract

    Rabies

    Tetanus

    Leprosy

    Malaria: neurologic complications

    Acknowledgements

    Chapter 102: Tropical myelopathies
    Abstract

    Introduction

    Historical aspects

    Clinical aspects

    Causes of acute myelopathy in the tropics

    Infectious myelopathies

    Immune-inflammatory disorders

    Nutritional myeloneuropathies

    Toxic myeloneuropathies

    Chapter 103: Neurologic complications of vaccinations
    Abstract

    Introduction

    Viral vaccines

    Bacterial vaccines

    Conclusion

    SECTION 14: Miscellaneous
    Chapter 104: Neurodermatology
    Abstract

    Neurocutaneous disorders associated with stroke

    Neurocutaneous disorders associated with cutaneous angioma

    Neurocutaneous disorders associated with peripheral neuropathy

    Cutaneous disorders associated with brain or peripheral nerve tumors

    Neurocutaneous disorders associated with epilepsy

    Conclusions

    Chapter 105: Neurology of pregnancy
    Abstract

    Stroke during pregnancy and the puerperium

    Pregnancy and epilepsy

    Multiple sclerosis during pregnancy

    Neuromuscular diseases in pregnancy

    Headache during pregnancy and puerperium

    Brain tumors in pregnancy

    Conclusion and future directions

    Chapter 106: Neuroanesthesia
    Abstract

    History

    Neuroanesthesia fundamentals

    Induction agents

    Inhalational agents

    Opioids and muscle relaxants

    Disease states affecting the delivery of neuroanesthesia

    Peripheral neuropathies and positioning injuries

    Postoperative cognitive dysfunction

    Neuroprotection

    Anesthetics and neurophysiologic monitoring

    Conclusions

    Chapter 107: Iatrogenic neurology
    Abstract

    Introduction

    Neurologic adverse effects of cardiovascular and antithrombotic drugs

    Neurologic adverse effects of antiepileptic and antispastic drugs

    Neurologic adverse effects of antiparkinsonian, antidepressant, and cognition drugs

    Neurologic adverse effects of antipsychotics, sedatives, and hypnotics

    Neurologic adverse effects of psychostimulants and related drugs

    Neurologic adverse effects of antibacterial, antiviral, antifungal, antiparasitic drugs, and vaccines

    Neurologic adverse effects of antineoplastic and immunomodulatory drugs

    Neurologic adverse effects of anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and antiallergic drugs

    Neurologic adverse effects of hormones, hormone-related and metabolism drugs

    Neurologic adverse effects of respiratory tract drugs

    Neurologic adverse effects of genitourinary and digestive tract drugs

    Conclusion

    Chapter 108: Neuromuscular complications in intensive care patients
    Abstract

    Introduction and definitions

    Intensive care unit-acquired generalized weakness

    Intensive care unit-acquired focal weakness

    Summary

    Chapter 109: Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome
    Abstract

    Introduction

    Clinical features

    Neuroradiologic features

    Causes

    Pathophysiology

    Pathologic features

    Treatment

    Conclusion

    Chapter 110: Neuro-Behçet syndrome
    Abstract

    Introduction

    Epidemiology

    Diagnosis and systemic manifestations of behçet syndrome

    Pathology and pathogenesis of behçet syndrome

    Nervous system involvement in Behçet syndrome: “Neuro-Behçet syndrome”

    Diagnostic studies in neuro-Behçet syndrome

    Differential diagnosis

    Prognosis

    Treatment

    Chapter 111: Reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome
    Abstract

    History and terminology

    Associated conditions

    Clinical findings

    Natural history

    Laboratory investigations

    Neuroimaging investigations

    Differential diagnosis

    Etiology and pathophysiology

    Management

    Conclusions and future directions

    Chapter 112: Complications of neuroimaging
    Abstract

    Introduction

    Conventional catheter angiography

    Complications related to computed tomography scans

    Complications related to magnetic resonance imaging examinations

    Myelography and lumbar puncture

    Vertebroplasty

    Chapter 113: Neurotraumatology
    Abstract

    Introduction

    History

    Traumatic brain injury

    Spinal cord injury

    Conclusion

    Chapter 114: Neurology in the developing world
    Abstract

    Introduction

    Healthcare systems in the developing world and their impact on neurologic care

    Human resources, training, and education

    Common neurologic diseases in the developing world

    Conclusion

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 816
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2014
  • Published: January 9, 2014
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780702040887
  • eBook ISBN: 9780702044342
  • About the Editors

    José Biller

    José Biller, M.D., FACP, FAAN, FANA, FAHA

    Loyola University Chicago, Maywood, IL, USA

    Dr. José Biller is Professor of Neurology and Neurological Surgery and Chairperson of the Department of Neurology at Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine. Dr. Biller served as Director of the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology (ABPN) from 1994 to 2001, and President of the ABPN in 2001. He is Chief Editor of the Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases , and an editorial board member and reviewer for an array of other national and international journals and publications. He is a Fellow of the American Academy of Neurology, American Neurological Association, American College of Physicians, and the Stroke Council of the American Heart Association. He has published more than 370 peer-reviewed articles, more than 150 book chapters, and numerous books.

    Affiliations and Expertise

    Neurology, Professor and Chairman, Department of Neurology, Loyola University Chicago, Stritch School of Medicine, Maywood, IL, USA

    José Ferro

    Affiliations and Expertise

    Professor and Chairman, Serviço de Neurologia, Hospital de Santa Maria, University of Lisboa, Portugal