Neurologic Aspects of Systemic Disease, Part I

Neurologic Aspects of Systemic Disease, Part I

1st Edition - January 9, 2014

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  • Editors: José Biller, José Ferro
  • eBook ISBN: 9780702044328
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780702040863

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Description

Systemic disease involves several parts of the body or the complete system. Neurologic Aspects of Systemic Disease, a three-part volume in the Handbook of Clinical Neurology series, focuses on the specific neurologic aspects of systemic disease. Part 1 includes detailed coverage of cardiovascular disease, pulmonary diseases, renal diseases, and rheumatologic and musculoskeletal disease. Each chapter provides a complete introduction to the neurologic aspect and provides best known diagnostic and treatment practices. The collection is a valuable and trusted resource for clinical neurologists, research neurologists, neuroscientists, and general medical professionals; a first stop for a focused review of the state of the art for understanding the neurologic impact of each covered disease.

Key Features

  • A comprehensive introduction and overview of the neurologic aspects of systemic disease
  • Part 1 covers cardiovascular disease, pulmonary diseases, renal diseases and rheumatologic/musculoskeletal disease
  • Each chapter focuses on the neurologic aspects related to a specific disease presentation

Readership

Clinical Neurology, Neuroscience

Table of Contents

  • Handbook of Clinical Neurology 3rd Series
    Foreword
    Preface
    Contributors
    SECTION 1: Neurologic aspects of cardiovascular disease
    Chapter 1: Cardiovascular manifestations of neurologic disease
    Abstract

    Cardiology in vascular and intensive care neurology

    Cardiology of paroxysmal neurologic events

    Cardiology of movement disorders and neurodegenerative diseases

    Neuromuscular disorders with cardiac manifestations

    Conclusion

    Chapter 2: Sudden cardiac death
    Abstract

    Introduction

    History

    Definition

    Pathophysiology and histopathology

    Precipitants

    Clinical manifestations

    Specific clinical scenarios

    Potential preventive strategies

    Chapter 3: Neurologic complications of cardiac arrest
    Abstract

    Neurologic complications of cardiac arrest

    Epidemiology of cardiac arrest

    Treatment of cardiac arrest

    Prognosis

    Long-term complications of cardiac arrest

    Conclusion

    Chapter 4: Neurologic complications of cardiac tests and procedures
    Abstract

    History

    Clinical manifestations of neurologic complications of cardiac tests and procedures

    Laboratory investigations

    Management of acute stroke in the cardiac intensive care unit

    Conclusions, future directions

    Chapter 5: Neurologic complications of congenital heart disease and its treatment
    Abstract

    History of congenital heart disease

    Incidence of congenital heart disease

    Signs and symptoms of congenital heart disease

    Cerebrovascular complications of congenital heart disease

    Infective embolism from congenital heart disease

    Cognitive disturbances with congenital cardiac disease

    Brain anomalies with congenital heart disease

    Cerebral aneurysm and aortic coarctation

    Complications of management

    Laboratory investigations

    Management

    Conclusion

    Chapter 6: Neurologic complications of valvular heart disease
    Abstract

    Introduction

    Rheumatic valvular heart disease

    Calcific valve disease

    Mitral valve prolapse

    Prosthetic heart valves

    Anticoagulation and its complications

    Infective endocarditis

    Noninfective endocarditis

    Chapter 7: Infective endocarditis
    Abstract

    Definition

    Classification

    Historical aspects

    Epidemiology

    Pathophysiology

    Clinical aspects

    Diagnosis

    Prognosis

    Prevention

    Treatment

    Conclusions

    Chapter 8: Neurologic complications of myocardial infarction
    Abstract

    History

    Epidemiology

    Risk factors

    Etiology

    Clinical findings, clinical presentation, and diagnostic criteria

    Laboratory investigations

    Neuroimaging investigations

    Pathology

    Management

    Prevention

    Prognosis

    Conclusion and future directions

    Chapter 9: Neurologic complications of cardiomyopathies and other myocardial disorders
    Abstract

    Introduction

    Patent foramen ovale

    Left ventricular dysfunction

    Takotsubo stress cardiomyopathy

    Atrial fibrillation

    Risk stratification schemes

    Bleeding risk: warfarin usage in patients with atrial fibrillation

    Genetics

    Mitochondrial dysfunction

    Summary

    Chapter 10: Neurologic complications of arrhythmia treatment
    Abstract

    Direct neurologic complications of arrhythmia

    Neurologic complications of arrhythmia treatment: cardiopulmonary resuscitation

    Neurologic complications of arrhythmia treatment: drugs

    Neurologic complications of arrhythmia treatment: cardiology procedures

    Neurologic complications of arrhythmia treatment: cardiovascular surgery

    Conclusion

    Chapter 11: Neurologic complications of catheter ablation/defibrillators/pacemakers
    Abstract

    Introduction

    History

    Clinical history

    Natural history

    Laboratory investigations

    Neuroimaging investigations

    Genetics

    Pathology

    Management

    Neurologic complications associated with pacemakers and defibrillators

    Conclusion

    Chapter 12: Hypertension and hypertensive encephalopathy
    Abstract

    History and terminology

    Clinical findings

    Natural history

    Laboratory investigations

    Neuroimaging investigations

    Genetics

    Pathology

    Management

    Conclusions

    Chapter 13: Transient loss of consciousness and syncope
    Abstract

    Introduction: definitions, nomenclature, and classification

    Epidemiology of transient loss of consciousness/syncope

    Causes of transient loss of consciousness

    Differential diagnosis of transient loss of consciousness

    Diagnostic workup of transient loss of consciousness

    Treatment of transient loss of consciousness

    Acknowledgments

    Chapter 14: Neurologic complications of cardiac surgery and interventional cardiology
    Abstract

    Introduction

    History

    Clinical findings

    Pathology

    Natural history

    Laboratory and neuroimaging investigations

    Management

    Conclusions

    Chapter 15: Neurologic complications of cardiac tumors
    Abstract

    Introduction

    The clinical triad

    Specific cardiac tumors

    Diagnosis

    Treatment and prognosis

    Chapter 16: Neurologic complications of aortic diseases and aortic surgery
    Abstract

    Introduction

    Spinal cord blood supply

    Neurologic complications of aortic diseases

    Neurologic complications with aortic surgery

    Conclusion

    SECTION 2: Neurologic aspects of pulmonary diseases
    Chapter 17: Breathing and the nervous system
    Abstract

    Introduction

    Neuroanatomy of respiratory control

    Physiologic control of breathing and rhythm generation

    Neurochemical control of breathing

    Neurologic conditions affecting breathing

    Clinical manifestations of central and peripheral nervous system conditions

    Chapter 18: Obstructive sleep apnea and other sleep-related syndromes
    Abstract

    Obstructive sleep apnea

    Central sleep apnea and hypoventilation syndromes

    Acknowledgements

    Chapter 19: Acute and chronic respiratory failure
    Abstract

    Introduction

    General approach to diagnosis

    Specific diseases

    General principles of management in respiratory failure

    Management of oropharyngeal and tracheobronchial secretions

    Management of respiratory failure in patients with neuromuscular disease

    Conclusions

    Chapter 20: Venous thromboembolism in neurologic disease
    Abstract

    Introduction

    Epidemiology (with specific focus on neurologic disease)

    General principles

    Conclusions

    Abbreviations

    Chapter 21: Neurologic manifestations of sarcoidosis
    Abstract

    History

    Clinical Findings

    Clinical Course

    Investigations

    Epidemiology, Pathophysiology, and Genetics

    Pathology

    Management

    Conclusions

    Chapter 22: Neurologic complications of lung cancer
    Abstract

    Introduction

    Lung Cancer Metastases

    Paraneoplastic Disorders

    SECTION 3: Neurologic aspects of renal diseases
    Chapter 23: Neurologic complications of electrolyte disturbances and acid–base balance
    Abstract

    Introduction

    Hyponatremia

    Hypernatremia

    Hypokalemia

    Hyperkalemia

    Acid–Base Disorders

    Other Electrolytic Disturbances

    Chapter 24: Neurologic complications of acute and chronic renal disease
    Abstract

    Introduction

    Central nervous system complications

    Central nervous system syndromes associated with renal replacement therapy

    Peripheral nervous system disorders

    Chapter 25: Nervous system disorders in dialysis patients
    Abstract

    Introduction

    Central nervous system complications

    Peripheral nervous system complications

    Conclusion

    Chapter 26: Nephrotic syndrome
    Abstract

    Background

    Pathophysiology of neurologic sequelae

    Neurologic manifestations

    Diagnosis, therapy, and prognosis of neurologic aspects

    Conclusion

    Chapter 27: Use of antiepileptic drugs in hepatic and renal disease
    Abstract

    Introduction

    Individual antiepileptic drugs

    Conclusions

    SECTION 4: Neurologic aspects of rheumatologic/musculoskeletal diseases
    Chapter 28: Neurologic complications of craniovertebral dislocation
    Abstract

    Introduction

    Historical background

    Anatomic concepts

    Clinical features of craniovertebral subluxation

    Neuroimaging

    Craniovertebral subluxations associated with neurologic complications

    Acknowledgments

    Chapter 29: Rheumatoid arthritis, spondyloarthropathies, and relapsing polychondritis
    Abstract

    Rheumatoid arthritis

    Inflammatory spondyloarthropathies

    Relapsing polychondritis

    Chapter 30: Connective tissue disorders: systemic lupus erythematosus, Sjögren’s syndrome, and scleroderma
    Abstract

    Introduction

    Systemic lupus erythematosus

    Scleroderma (systemic sclerosis)

    Sjögren's syndrome

    Chapter 31: Cerebral vasculitis
    Abstract

    Introduction and general comments

    Cerebral vasculitis of infectious origin

    Noninfectious, inlammatory, giant cell, or nectrotizing vasculitis

    Chapter 32: Idiopathic inflammatory myopathies
    Abstract

    History (including classification)

    Epidemiology

    Etiopathogenesis

    Clinical features

    Natural history

    Laboratory investigations

    Neuroimaging investigations

    Management

    Future therapeutic prospects

    Chapter 33: Fibromyalgia
    Abstract

    History

    Clinical findings

    Natural history

    Laboratory investigations

    Neuroimaging investigations

    Genetic influences

    Pathophysiology

    Management

    Conclusions

    Chapter 34: Paget’s disease of bone
    Abstract

    History

    Clinical findings

    Natural history

    Laboratory investigations

    Neuroimaging investigations

    Genetics

    Pathology

    Management

    Conclusions

    Chapter 35: Spinal stenosis
    Abstract

    Definition of spinal stenosis

    History

    Classification

    Epidemiology

    Pathophysiology

    Diagnosis

    Management

    Outcome

    Conclusions

    Chapter 36: Neurologic manifestations of achondroplasia
    Abstract

    Introduction

    Complications associated with achondroplasia

    Homozygous achondroplasia

    Management of achondroplasia

    Acknowledgments

    Chapter 37: Neurologic manifestations of inherited disorders of connective tissue
    Abstract

    Introduction

    Neurologic manifestations of the most common inherited disorders of connective tissue

    Conclusions

    Chapter 38: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs exposure and the central nervous system
    Abstract

    Introduction

    Aseptic meningitis

    NSAIDs and the risk of stroke

    NSAIDs and neuronal degeneration

    Medication overuse headache

    Reye's syndrome

    Other NSAID adverse effects

    Overdose and intoxication

    Summary

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 760
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2014
  • Published: January 9, 2014
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • eBook ISBN: 9780702044328
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780702040863

About the Editors

José Biller

José Biller, M.D., FACP, FAAN, FANA, FAHA

Loyola University Chicago, Maywood, IL, USA

Dr. José Biller is Professor of Neurology and Neurological Surgery and Chairperson of the Department of Neurology at Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine. Dr. Biller served as Director of the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology (ABPN) from 1994 to 2001, and President of the ABPN in 2001. He is Chief Editor of the Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases , and an editorial board member and reviewer for an array of other national and international journals and publications. He is a Fellow of the American Academy of Neurology, American Neurological Association, American College of Physicians, and the Stroke Council of the American Heart Association. He has published more than 370 peer-reviewed articles, more than 150 book chapters, and numerous books.

Affiliations and Expertise

Neurology, Professor and Chairman, Department of Neurology, Loyola University Chicago, Stritch School of Medicine, Maywood, IL, USA

José Ferro

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor and Chairman, Serviço de Neurologia, Hospital de Santa Maria, University of Lisboa, Portugal

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