Neurobiology of Feeding and Nutrition

Neurobiology of Feeding and Nutrition

1st Edition - December 17, 1991

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  • Author: Jacques Magnen
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323152389

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Description

Neurobiology of Feeding and Nutrition focuses on feeding as the behavior of primal survival. This book discusses the sensory, brain, and endocrine involvement in the behavioral and nutritional regulatory processes. Organized into 12 chapters, this book starts with an overview of the initial survey of works on the normal feeding of an animal model with emphasis on the basic periodicity of the behavior and the significance of this behavior. This text then explores the overall stimulation to eat, which results from the combination of sensory and systematic stimuli. Other chapters examine the other compounds of the stimulation to eat and discuss the targets of the systematic stimulus to eat or not to eat. This book describes as well the general organization of sensory projection in the central nervous system. The final chapter deals with the ontogeny of feeding behavior from birth to adulthood. This book is a valuable resource for scientists and technologists interested in feeding and nutrition.

Table of Contents


  • Preface

    Introduction

    Chapter One Normal Feeding

    I. Basic Concepts: Methods of Observation and of Measurement

    II. Ad Libitum Feeding Patterns in an Animal Model: The Rat

    III. Food Deprivation-Induced Feeding

    IV. Feeding Schedules

    V. Changes in Feeding Patterns as a Function of Altered Meal Size, Food Utilization, and Food Demand

    VI. Human Feeding Patterns

    VII. Feeding-Drinking Relationships

    VIII. Sleep and Food Intake

    References

    Chapter Two The Stimulus to Eat

    I. Meal Initiation in Undeprived Animals

    II. The Systemic Stimulus of Food Deprivation-Induced Feeding

    III. Metabolic and Neuroendocrine Bases for the Diurnal Periodicity of Feeding

    IV. Initiation of Scheduled Meals

    V. A Behavioral Self-Regulation of Blood Glucose Level by Rats

    VI. Metabolic and Feeding Effects of Alteration in Glucoregulation and Glucose Utilization

    VII. Metabolic Bases for Hunger and Eating in Humans

    References

    Chapter Three Brain Mechanisms of Feeding: The Hunger-Satiety System

    I. Intracranial Administration

    II. Electrical and Self-Stimulation of the Lateral Hypothalamus

    III. The Lateral Hypothalamus and Other Brain Lesions

    IV. Brain Glucosensitive Neurons and Feeding

    References

    Chapter Four The Sensory Stimulation to Eat and Not to Eat

    I. Alimentary Stimuli

    II. Synergistic Combination of Systemic and Sensory Stimuli in the Initial Stimulation of Eating

    III. Unlearned and Learned Palatability

    IV. Unconditioned and Conditioned Aversions

    V. The Palatability of Foods in Human Feeding

    VI. Odors, Aromas, and Perfumes

    References

    Chapter Five Brain Mechanisms of Palatability

    I. Central Orosensory Projections and Responses

    II. Brain Mechanisms of Spontaneous and Learned Aversions

    III. Brain Opiates and Palatability

    References

    Chapter Six Determinants of Meal Size

    I. Oral Determinants of Meal Size in Rats

    II. Gastrointestinal and Systemic Factors as Determinants of Meal Size

    III. Determinants of Meal Size in Humans

    IV. The Cephalic Phase of Insulin Release

    References

    Chapter Seven Brain Mechanisms of Meal Eating

    I. Brain Mechanisms of Satiation

    II. Central Mechanisms of Mastication and Swallowing

    References

    Chapter Eight Regulation of Body Energy Balance and Body Weight

    I. Regulation of Body Energy Content and Body Composition in the Animal Model

    II. Reversibility of Induced Overweight and Underweight

    III. Regulation of Body Weight by the Energy Output

    IV. Regulation of Body Energy Balance and of Body Weight in Humans

    V. Feeding in Extra Expenditures and Energy Retention

    References

    Chapter Nine Peripheral and Central Mechanisms of the Regulation of Body Energy and Body Weight

    I. Cellular Self-Regulation of Adipocyte Size and Number

    II. Central Nervous System Control of Metabolism

    III. Ventromedial Hypothalamic Lesion

    IV. Ventromedial Hypothalamic Glucoreceptors

    V. Insulin Responsiveness of the Ventromedial Hypothalamus as a Putative Lipostatic Mechanism

    References

    Chapter Ten Obesity

    I. Animal Obesities

    II. Overfeeding and Obesity in Humans

    References

    Chapter Eleven Selective Nutrient Appetites

    I. Selective Appetites for Macronutrients: Protein Appetite

    II. Self-Selection of Vitamins and Minerals

    References

    Chapter Twelve Development of Feeding

    I. Development of Feeding in the Rat Model

    II. Feeding in Children

    References

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 396
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1991
  • Published: December 17, 1991
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323152389

About the Author

Jacques Magnen

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