Neurobehavioral Methods and Effects in Occupational and Environmental Health

Neurobehavioral Methods and Effects in Occupational and Environmental Health

1st Edition - January 1, 1994

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  • Editor: Shunichi Araki
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483276250

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Neurobehavioral Methods and Effects in Occupational and Environmental Health documents the proceedings of the Fourth International Symposium in Environmental Research held in Tokyo in 1991. This book focuses on the development and application of neuropsychobehavioral methods in occupational and environmental health and advances in the knowledge of the effects on the nervous system and human behavior of occupational and environmental factors. This compilation provides forceful evidence of different manifestations of neurotoxicity and their etiologies. Neurotoxicity is a major adverse effect of chemical exposure and is particularly serious in developing countries. This publication is a good reference for students and practitioners of disciplines such as behavioral science, psychosomatic and occupational medicine, nutrition and food science, public health, and hygiene and preventive medicine.

Table of Contents

  • Contributors


    Part I Keynote Articles

    An International Perspective in Neurobehavioral Toxicology

    Assessing the Neurotoxic Potential of Chemicals—A Multidisciplinary Approach

    Euronest: A Concerted Action of the European Community for the Study of Organic Solvents Neurotoxicity

    Epidemiological and Clinical Features of Minamata Disease

    Workplace Strategies for the Control of Work-Related Risks

    Review: Occupational Health Issues in Developing Countries

    Part II The Hänninen Lecture

    Neurobehavioral Toxicology in the 21 st Century: A Future or a Failure?

    Part III Neurobehavioral Test Batteries

    Comparison of Performance from Three Continents on the WHO-Recommended Neurobehavioral Core Test Battery

    Individual-Administered Human Behavioral Test Batteries to Identify Neurotoxic Chemicals

    Covariates of Computerized Neurobehavioral Test Performance in Epidemiologic Investigations

    Prevalence of Abnormal Neurobehavioral Scores in Populations Exposed to Different Industrial Chemicals

    Psychological Effects of Low Exposure to Mercury Vapor: Application of a Computer-Administered Neurobehavioral Evaluation System

    Subjective Symptoms and Neurobehavioral Performances of Ex-Mercury Miners at an Average of 18 Years after the Cessation of Chronic Exposure to Mercury Vapor

    Neurobehavioral Effects in Occupational Chemical Exposure

    Neuropsychological Assessment of Organic Solvent Effects in South Africa: Test Selection, Adaptation, Scoring, and Validation Issues

    A Cross-Sectional Survey of Neurobehavioral Effects of Chronic Solvent Exposure on Workers in a Paint Manufacturing Plant

    Neurobehavioral Effects of Chronic Occupational Exposure to Organic Solvents among Japanese Industrial Painters

    Human Experimental MIBK Exposure: Effects on Heart Rate, Performance, and Symptoms

    Carbon Disulfide and the Central Nervous System: A15-Year Neurobehavioral Surveillance of an Exposed Population

    Adaptation of the WHO NCTB for Use in Poland for Detection of Effects of Exposure to Neurotoxic Agents

    Neuropsychological Effects of Chronic Exposure to Environmental Dioxins and Furans

    Part IV Neurophysiology

    The Use of Visual and Chemosensory Evoked Potentials in Environmental and Occupational Health

    Determination of Evoked Potentials in Occupational and Environmental Medicine: A Review

    Nd and P300 in Healthy Volunteers

    International Comparison of Odor Threshold Values of Several Odorants in Japan and in The Netherlands

    A Reproducible Trigger for the Measurement of Trigeminal Latencies Elicited by a Glabellar Tap

    Assessment of Sympathetic Nerve Activity Controlling Blood Pressure in the Elderly Using Head-Up Tilt

    Vibrotactile Threshold Testing in Occupational Health: A Review of Current Issues and Limitations

    Assessment of the Effects of Occupational and Environmental Factors on All Faster and Slower Large Myelinated Nerve Fibers: A Study of the Distribution of Nerve Conduction Velocities

    Assessment of Central, Peripheral, and Autonomic Nervous System Functions in Lead Workers: Neuroelectrophysiological Studies

    Effects of Lead Exposure on Neurophysiological Parameters

    Relations between Lead Exposure and Peripheral Neuromuscular Functions of Lead-Exposed Workers—Results of Tapping Test

    Radial and Median Nerve Conduction Velocities in Workers Exposed to Lead, Copper, and Zinc: A Follow-Up Study for 2 Years

    Are Faster or Slower Large Myelinated Nerve Fibers More Sensitive to Chronic Lead Exposure? A Study of the Distribution of Conduction Velocities

    Measurement of Vibratory Perception Threshold (VPT) in Workers Exposed to Organic Solvents

    Nervous System Effects of Occupational Exposure to Styrene: A Clinical and Neurophysiological Study

    Assessment of the Distribution of Nerve Conduction Velocities in Alcoholics

    Assessment of Central, Peripheral, and Autonomic Nervous System Functions in Vibrating Tool Operators: Neuroelectrophysiological Studies

    Effect of Some Factors on Sleep Polygraphic Parameters and Subjective Evaluations of Sleep

    Relationship between Subjective Sleep Rating and Objective Sleep Parameters: A Case Study

    Evaluation of the Critical Value of Driving Fatigue Based on the Fuzzy Sets Theory

    Part 5 Neuroimaging

    Brain Imaging Techniques Applied to Chronically Solvent-Exposed Workers: Current Results and Clinical Evaluation

    Three-Dimensional Brain Metabolic Imaging in Patients with Toxic Encephalopathy

    Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), Neurobehavioral Testing, and Toxic Encephalopathy: Two Cases

    Proton Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Phosphorus-31 NMR Studies on the Rat Brain Intoxicated with Methyl Mercury

    Part 6 Biochemical Markers

    Neurochemical Approaches to Developing Biochemical Markers of Neurotoxicity: Review of Current Status and Evaluation of Future Prospects

    Nerve-Specific Marker Proteins as Indicators of Organic Solvent Neurotoxicity

    Part VII Neurotoxic and Neurological Diseases

    Neurologic Diseases Associated with Use of Plant Components with Toxic Potential

    Significance of Subclinical Entrapment of Nerves in Lead Neuropathy

    Neurobehavioral Effects of Intrauterine Mercury Exposure: Potential Sources of Bias

    Profile of Subjective Complaints and Activities of Daily Living among Current Patients with Minamata Disease after 3 Decades

    Dose-Dependent Increase in Subjective Symptoms among Toluene-Exposed Workers

    n-Hexane Polyneuropathy in Japan: A Review of n-Hexane Poisoning and Its Preventive Measures

    Neurotoxic Syndromes and Occupational Exposure to Solvents

    Neurobehavioral Effects of Solvents: The Role of Alcohol

    A Prospective Cohort Study of the Chronic Effects of Solvent Exposure

    Occupational Diseases Developed as a Result of Severely Injured Nervous System: Acute and Chronic Neurotic Effects

    Part VIII Psychosocial Factors

    Occupation and the Prevalence of Major Depression, Alcohol, and Drug Abuse in the United States

    Work Stress in Japanese Computer Engineers: Effects of Computer Work or Bioeducational Factors?

    Relations of Work Stress to Alcohol Use and Drinking Problems in Male and Female Employees of a Computer Factory in Japan

    Depressive States in Workers Using Computers

    Relationships between Health Status and Working Conditions and Personalities among VDT Workers

    Occupational Influences Relative to the Burnout Phenomenon among Japanese Nursery School Teachers

    Multidimensional Assessment of Mental State in Occupational Health Care-Combined Application of Three Questionnaires: Tokyo University Egogram (TEG), Time Structuring Scale (TSS), and Profile of Mood States (POMS)

    Part IX Prevention Strategies

    Strategies for the Prevention of Environmental Neurotoxic Illness

    The Use of Behavioral and Psychophysiological Methods in the Monitoring of Health at the Worksite

    Research Program for Neurotoxic Disorders and Other Adverse Health Outcomes at Hazardous Chemical Sites in the United States of America

    Database Programs as a Literature Research Tool for the 1990s Scientist: Surveillance of Neurotoxicology Data

    Part X Developing Countries

    Factors Influencing the Assessment and Control of Occupational Hazards in Developing Countries

    A Study on the Neurobehavioral Effects of Occupational Exposure to Organic Solvents in Korean Workers

    Evaluation of Brain Function in Acute Carbon Monoxide Poisoning with Multimodality Evoked Potentials

    Acute and Chronic Neurological Symptoms among Paint Workers Exposed to Mixtures of Organic Solvents

    Review of Air Pollution and Its Health Impact in Indonesia

    Studies on Neurolathyrism

    Evaluation and Control of Mercury Vapor Exposure in the Cell House of Chlor Alkali Plants

    A Clinical, Biochemical, Neurobehavioral, and Sociopsychological Study of 190 Patients Admitted to Hospital as a Result of Acute Organophosphorus Poisoning

    Neurobehavioral Changes among Workers in Some Chemical Industries in Egypt

    Occupational Exposure to Neurotoxicants: Preliminary Survey in Five Industries of the Camacari Petrochemical Complex, Brazil

    Part XI Animal Studies

    Comparison of the Neurotoxicity of Several Chemicals Estimated by the Peripheral Nerve Conduction Velocity in Rats

    Effects of Methylmercury on Protein Kinase A and Protein Kinase C in the Mouse Brain

    Effects of Methyl Mercury in Postnatal Developing Rats

    Review: Behavioral Approaches to Toluene Intoxication

    Effects of Toluene Administration on Delayed Matching-to-Sample Performance in the Pigeon

    Acute Neurobehavioral Effects of Co-inhalation of Toluene and n-Hexane on Schedule-Controlled Behavior in Rats

    Neurotoxic Effects of 2,5-Hexanedione on Rapidly Growing Unmyelinated Peripheral Nerve Axons of a Rat Fetus: Dose-Effect Relationship

    Effect of Carbon Tetrachloride on Allylnitrile-Induced Head Twitching

    Axonal Sprouting of Motor Nerve in Acrylamide-Intoxicated Rats with Progressive Weakness

    Comparative Study of Modification and Degradation of Neurofilament Proteins in Rats Subchronically Treated with Allyl Chloride, Acrylamide, or 2,5-Hexanedione

    Effect of Ethanol on the Development and Maturation of Synapses in the Rat Hippocampus: A Quantitative Electron-Microscopic Study

    The Effects of Ethanol Exposure on Radial Arm Maze Learning and Behavior of Offspring Rats

    Change in Hen Sciatic Nerve Calcium after a Single Oral Dose of Tri-o-tolyl Phosphate

    Polyneuropathy Due to Ethylene Oxide, Propylene Oxide, and Butylene Oxide

    Effects of Neurotoxins on Brain Creatine Kinase Activity

    Effects of Ozone and Nitrogen Dioxide on Drinking and Eating Behaviors in Mice

    Part XII Workshop Reports

    WHO NCTB and Other Neurobehavioral Test Batteries

    Computerized Test Batteries

    Evoked Potentials

    Neuroimaging Methods

    Biochemical Methods in Neurobehavioral Toxicology

    Neurotoxic Diseases

    Neurological Diseases

    Psychosocial Factors

    Prevention Strategies for Neurotoxicology

    Developing Countries


    Part XIII Synthesis

    Symposium Synthesis: Application of Neurobehavioral Methods in Environmental and Occupational Health


Product details

  • No. of pages: 1052
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1994
  • Published: January 1, 1994
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483276250

About the Editor

Shunichi Araki

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