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Neurobehavioral Methods and Effects in Occupational and Environmental Health - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780120597857, 9781483276250

Neurobehavioral Methods and Effects in Occupational and Environmental Health

1st Edition

Editor: Shunichi Araki
eBook ISBN: 9781483276250
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1994
Page Count: 1052
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Neurobehavioral Methods and Effects in Occupational and Environmental Health documents the proceedings of the Fourth International Symposium in Environmental Research held in Tokyo in 1991. This book focuses on the development and application of neuropsychobehavioral methods in occupational and environmental health and advances in the knowledge of the effects on the nervous system and human behavior of occupational and environmental factors. This compilation provides forceful evidence of different manifestations of neurotoxicity and their etiologies. Neurotoxicity is a major adverse effect of chemical exposure and is particularly serious in developing countries. This publication is a good reference for students and practitioners of disciplines such as behavioral science, psychosomatic and occupational medicine, nutrition and food science, public health, and hygiene and preventive medicine.

Table of Contents



Part I Keynote Articles

An International Perspective in Neurobehavioral Toxicology

Assessing the Neurotoxic Potential of Chemicals—A Multidisciplinary Approach

Euronest: A Concerted Action of the European Community for the Study of Organic Solvents Neurotoxicity

Epidemiological and Clinical Features of Minamata Disease

Workplace Strategies for the Control of Work-Related Risks

Review: Occupational Health Issues in Developing Countries

Part II The Hänninen Lecture

Neurobehavioral Toxicology in the 21 st Century: A Future or a Failure?

Part III Neurobehavioral Test Batteries

Comparison of Performance from Three Continents on the WHO-Recommended Neurobehavioral Core Test Battery

Individual-Administered Human Behavioral Test Batteries to Identify Neurotoxic Chemicals

Covariates of Computerized Neurobehavioral Test Performance in Epidemiologic Investigations

Prevalence of Abnormal Neurobehavioral Scores in Populations Exposed to Different Industrial Chemicals

Psychological Effects of Low Exposure to Mercury Vapor: Application of a Computer-Administered Neurobehavioral Evaluation System

Subjective Symptoms and Neurobehavioral Performances of Ex-Mercury Miners at an Average of 18 Years after the Cessation of Chronic Exposure to Mercury Vapor

Neurobehavioral Effects in Occupational Chemical Exposure

Neuropsychological Assessment of Organic Solvent Effects in South Africa: Test Selection, Adaptation, Scoring, and Validation Issues

A Cross-Sectional Survey of Neurobehavioral Effects of Chronic Solvent Exposure on Workers in a Paint Manufacturing Plant

Neurobehavioral Effects of Chronic Occupational Exposure to Organic Solvents among Japanese Industrial Painters

Human Experimental MIBK Exposure: Effects on Heart Rate, Performance, and Symptoms

Carbon Disulfide and the Central Nervous System: A15-Year Neurobehavioral Surveillance of an Exposed Population

Adaptation of the WHO NCTB for Use in Poland for Detection of Effects of Exposure to Neurotoxic Agents

Neuropsychological Effects of Chronic Exposure to Environmental Dioxins and Furans

Part IV Neurophysiology

The Use of Visual and Chemosensory Evoked Potentials in Environmental and Occupational Health

Determination of Evoked Potentials in Occupational and Environmental Medicine: A Review

Nd and P300 in Healthy Volunteers

International Comparison of Odor Threshold Values of Several Odorants in Japan and in The Netherlands

A Reproducible Trigger for the Measurement of Trigeminal Latencies Elicited by a Glabellar Tap

Assessment of Sympathetic Nerve Activity Controlling Blood Pressure in the Elderly Using Head-Up Tilt

Vibrotactile Threshold Testing in Occupational Health: A Review of Current Issues and Limitations

Assessment of the Effects of Occupational and Environmental Factors on All Faster and Slower Large Myelinated Nerve Fibers: A Study of the Distribution of Nerve Conduction Velocities

Assessment of Central, Peripheral, and Autonomic Nervous System Functions in Lead Workers: Neuroelectrophysiological Studies

Effects of Lead Exposure on Neurophysiological Parameters

Relations between Lead Exposure and Peripheral Neuromuscular Functions of Lead-Exposed Workers—Results of Tapping Test

Radial and Median Nerve Conduction Velocities in Workers Exposed to Lead, Copper, and Zinc: A Follow-Up Study for 2 Years

Are Faster or Slower Large Myelinated Nerve Fibers More Sensitive to Chronic Lead Exposure? A Study of the Distribution of Conduction Velocities

Measurement of Vibratory Perception Threshold (VPT) in Workers Exposed to Organic Solvents

Nervous System Effects of Occupational Exposure to Styrene: A Clinical and Neurophysiological Study

Assessment of the Distribution of Nerve Conduction Velocities in Alcoholics

Assessment of Central, Peripheral, and Autonomic Nervous System Functions in Vibrating Tool Operators: Neuroelectrophysiological Studies

Effect of Some Factors on Sleep Polygraphic Parameters and Subjective Evaluations of Sleep

Relationship between Subjective Sleep Rating and Objective Sleep Parameters: A Case Study

Evaluation of the Critical Value of Driving Fatigue Based on the Fuzzy Sets Theory

Part 5 Neuroimaging

Brain Imaging Techniques Applied to Chronically Solvent-Exposed Workers: Current Results and Clinical Evaluation

Three-Dimensional Brain Metabolic Imaging in Patients with Toxic Encephalopathy

Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), Neurobehavioral Testing, and Toxic Encephalopathy: Two Cases

Proton Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Phosphorus-31 NMR Studies on the Rat Brain Intoxicated with Methyl Mercury

Part 6 Biochemical Markers

Neurochemical Approaches to Developing Biochemical Markers of Neurotoxicity: Review of Current Status and Evaluation of Future Prospects

Nerve-Specific Marker Proteins as Indicators of Organic Solvent Neurotoxicity

Part VII Neurotoxic and Neurological Diseases

Neurologic Diseases Associated with Use of Plant Components with Toxic Potential

Significance of Subclinical Entrapment of Nerves in Lead Neuropathy

Neurobehavioral Effects of Intrauterine Mercury Exposure: Potential Sources of Bias

Profile of Subjective Complaints and Activities of Daily Living among Current Patients with Minamata Disease after 3 Decades

Dose-Dependent Increase in Subjective Symptoms among Toluene-Exposed Workers

n-Hexane Polyneuropathy in Japan: A Review of n-Hexane Poisoning and Its Preventive Measures

Neurotoxic Syndromes and Occupational Exposure to Solvents

Neurobehavioral Effects of Solvents: The Role of Alcohol

A Prospective Cohort Study of the Chronic Effects of Solvent Exposure

Occupational Diseases Developed as a Result of Severely Injured Nervous System: Acute and Chronic Neurotic Effects

Part VIII Psychosocial Factors

Occupation and the Prevalence of Major Depression, Alcohol, and Drug Abuse in the United States

Work Stress in Japanese Computer Engineers: Effects of Computer Work or Bioeducational Factors?

Relations of Work Stress to Alcohol Use and Drinking Problems in Male and Female Employees of a Computer Factory in Japan

Depressive States in Workers Using Computers

Relationships between Health Status and Working Conditions and Personalities among VDT Workers

Occupational Influences Relative to the Burnout Phenomenon among Japanese Nursery School Teachers

Multidimensional Assessment of Mental State in Occupational Health Care-Combined Application of Three Questionnaires: Tokyo University Egogram (TEG), Time Structuring Scale (TSS), and Profile of Mood States (POMS)

Part IX Prevention Strategies

Strategies for the Prevention of Environmental Neurotoxic Illness

The Use of Behavioral and Psychophysiological Methods in the Monitoring of Health at the Worksite

Research Program for Neurotoxic Disorders and Other Adverse Health Outcomes at Hazardous Chemical Sites in the United States of America

Database Programs as a Literature Research Tool for the 1990s Scientist: Surveillance of Neurotoxicology Data

Part X Developing Countries

Factors Influencing the Assessment and Control of Occupational Hazards in Developing Countries

A Study on the Neurobehavioral Effects of Occupational Exposure to Organic Solvents in Korean Workers

Evaluation of Brain Function in Acute Carbon Monoxide Poisoning with Multimodality Evoked Potentials

Acute and Chronic Neurological Symptoms among Paint Workers Exposed to Mixtures of Organic Solvents

Review of Air Pollution and Its Health Impact in Indonesia

Studies on Neurolathyrism

Evaluation and Control of Mercury Vapor Exposure in the Cell House of Chlor Alkali Plants

A Clinical, Biochemical, Neurobehavioral, and Sociopsychological Study of 190 Patients Admitted to Hospital as a Result of Acute Organophosphorus Poisoning

Neurobehavioral Changes among Workers in Some Chemical Industries in Egypt

Occupational Exposure to Neurotoxicants: Preliminary Survey in Five Industries of the Camacari Petrochemical Complex, Brazil

Part XI Animal Studies

Comparison of the Neurotoxicity of Several Chemicals Estimated by the Peripheral Nerve Conduction Velocity in Rats

Effects of Methylmercury on Protein Kinase A and Protein Kinase C in the Mouse Brain

Effects of Methyl Mercury in Postnatal Developing Rats

Review: Behavioral Approaches to Toluene Intoxication

Effects of Toluene Administration on Delayed Matching-to-Sample Performance in the Pigeon

Acute Neurobehavioral Effects of Co-inhalation of Toluene and n-Hexane on Schedule-Controlled Behavior in Rats

Neurotoxic Effects of 2,5-Hexanedione on Rapidly Growing Unmyelinated Peripheral Nerve Axons of a Rat Fetus: Dose-Effect Relationship

Effect of Carbon Tetrachloride on Allylnitrile-Induced Head Twitching

Axonal Sprouting of Motor Nerve in Acrylamide-Intoxicated Rats with Progressive Weakness

Comparative Study of Modification and Degradation of Neurofilament Proteins in Rats Subchronically Treated with Allyl Chloride, Acrylamide, or 2,5-Hexanedione

Effect of Ethanol on the Development and Maturation of Synapses in the Rat Hippocampus: A Quantitative Electron-Microscopic Study

The Effects of Ethanol Exposure on Radial Arm Maze Learning and Behavior of Offspring Rats

Change in Hen Sciatic Nerve Calcium after a Single Oral Dose of Tri-o-tolyl Phosphate

Polyneuropathy Due to Ethylene Oxide, Propylene Oxide, and Butylene Oxide

Effects of Neurotoxins on Brain Creatine Kinase Activity

Effects of Ozone and Nitrogen Dioxide on Drinking and Eating Behaviors in Mice

Part XII Workshop Reports

WHO NCTB and Other Neurobehavioral Test Batteries

Computerized Test Batteries

Evoked Potentials

Neuroimaging Methods

Biochemical Methods in Neurobehavioral Toxicology

Neurotoxic Diseases

Neurological Diseases

Psychosocial Factors

Prevention Strategies for Neurotoxicology

Developing Countries


Part XIII Synthesis

Symposium Synthesis: Application of Neurobehavioral Methods in Environmental and Occupational Health



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© Academic Press 1994
1st January 1994
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:

About the Editor

Shunichi Araki

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