Neuroanatomy for Medical Students - 2nd Edition - ISBN: 9780750614474, 9781483183916

Neuroanatomy for Medical Students

2nd Edition

Authors: J. L. Wilkinson
eBook ISBN: 9781483183916
Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
Published Date: 6th March 1992
Page Count: 322
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Description

Neuroanatomy for Medical Students, Second Edition provides a fundamental knowledge base that is essential to a proper understanding of the clinical neurosciences. This edition includes additional topics on neurophysiology, neuropharmacology, and applied anatomy. The areas on cell membrane structure and function, motor control, muscle spindles, spinocerebellar tracts, reticular formation, striatal transmitters, and retinal neurons are updated. This book also expands the topics on pineal gland, pituitary tumors, split brain effect, visual cortex, neural plasticity, and barrel fields. The topography of ventricles and summary table of cranial nerve are likewise revised. Other materials covered include nerve growth factor, neural transplantation, dorsal column transection, cerebellar memory, and perivascular spaces. The neurotransmitters and neuromodulators, nuclear magnetic resonance, and position emission tomography are also discussed. This publication is a good reference for medical students intending to acquire knowledge of basic neurobiology.

Table of Contents


Contents

Page Nos

Foreword

Preface

Introduction

Chapter 1 Development and Topography of the Nervous System

Development

The Spinal Cord

The Brain

General Topography In The Adult

Peripheral Nervous System

Central Nervous System

Chapter 2 Neurons and Neuroglia

The Neuron

Neurocytological Investigation

Cytology

Neuroglia

Chapter 3 Peripheral Nervous System

Structure of Peripheral Nerves

Classification of Nerve Fibres

Myelinated and Non-Myelinated Nerve Fibres

Ganglia

Degeneration and Regeneration After Injury

Peripheral Receptors and Effectors

Receptors

Effectors

Autonomic Nervous System

Visceral Afférents

Visceral Efferents

Enteric Innervation

Research: Nerve Growth Factor

Applied Anatomy

Regional Anatomy

Chapter 4 Spinal Cord

Gross Anatomy

Grey Matter and Nuclei

Dorsal Horn (Somatic and Visceral Afferent)

Lateral Horn (Visceral Efferent)

Ventral Horn (Somatic Efferent)

The Laminar Architecture of Rexed

Intrinsic Spinal Mechanisms and Motor Control

White Matter and Tracts

Ascending Tracts

Descending Tracts

Applied Anatomy

Chapter 5 Brainstem

Transition From Spinal Cord To Medulla Oblongata

White Matter

Grey Matter

General Topography of the Brainstem

Medulla

Pons

Fourth Ventricle

Midbrain

Internal Structure of the Brainstem

Medulla

Pons

Midbrain

The Reticular Formation

Applied Anatomy

Chapter 6 Cranial Nerves

Components

General Comparison of Cranial and Spinal Nerves

The Hypoglossal (Xii) Nerve

Applied Anatomy

The Accessory (Xi) Nerve

Applied Anatomy

The Vagus (X) and Glossopharyngeal (IX) Nerves

Motor Components

Sensory Components

Distribution of the Glossopharyngeal Nerve

Distribution of the Vagus Nerve

Applied Anatomy

The Vestibulocochlear (VIII) Nerve

The Vestibular Nerve

Applied Anatomy

The Cochlear Nerve

Applied Anatomy

The Facial (VII) Nerve

Motor Components

Sensory Components

Course and Distribution of the Facial Nerve

Applied Anatomy

The Abducent (VI), Trochlear (IV) and Oculomotor (III) Nerves

The Abducent Nerve

The Trochlear Nerve

The Oculomotor Nerve

Applied Anatomy

The Trigeminal (V) Nerve

Sensory Components

Motor Component

Course and Distribution of the Trigeminal Nerve

Applied Anatomy

Cranial Nerve Summary

Chapter 7 Cerebellum

General Structure

Cerebellar Cortex

Research: Learning, Memory and Motor Control

Cerebellar Peduncles

Afferent Connexions

Efferent Connexions

Applied Anatomy

Chapter 8 Diencephalon and Internal Capsule

Thalamus

Thalamic Nuclei

Summary of Thalamic Functions

Applied Anatomy

Thalamic Radiations and The Internal Capsule

Applied Anatomy

Subthalamus

Applied Anatomy

Epithalamus

Applied Anatomy

Hypothalamus

Topography and Structure

Afferent Connexions

Efferent Connexions

Summary of Hypothalamic Functions

Applied Anatomy

Pituitary Tumours

Chapter 9 Corpus Striatum

Topography

Striatal Connexions

Striatal Afferent Fibres

Striatal Efferent Fibres

Pallidal Connexions

Pallidal Efferents

Functions of the Basal Ganglia

Applied Anatomy

Research: Neural Transplantation

Chapter 10 Olfactory and Limbic Systems

Olfactory Pathways

Applied Anatomy

The Limbic System

Hippocampal Formation

Amygdaloid Nucleus

Limbic Projections To The Brainstem

Functions of the Limbic System

Applied Anatomy

Chapter 11 Visual System

The Retina

Visual Pathway

Image Projection and Processing

Research: Cortical Columnar Organization, Callosal Connexions

Applied Anatomy

Chapter 12 Cerebral Cortex

Cytology and Cytoarchitecture

Cortical Neurons

Laminar Structure of the Neocortex

Cortical Classification

Functional Columnar Organization

Cerebral White Matter

Association Fibres

Commissural Fibres

Projection Fibres

Functional Localization

Parietal Lobe

Occipital Lobe

Temporal Lobe

Frontal Lobe

General Considerations

Cerebral Dominance

Sleep

Memory

Applied Anatomy

Research

Chapter 13 Méninges, Cerebrospinal Fluid and Cerebral Ventricles

Intracranial Méninges

Dura Mater

Durai Venous Sinuses

Arachnoid Mater and Pia Mater

Spinal Méninges

Cerebrospinal Fluid

Blood-Brain Barrier

Topography of Cerebral Ventricles

Lateral Ventricles

The Third Ventricle

Applied Anatomy

Radiological Investigations

Research: Position Emission Tomography

Chapter 14 Blood Supply of the Central Nervous System

Arteries of the Brain

Cerebral Cortical Blood Supply

Central Arteries

Posterior Cranial Fossa

Venous Drainage of the Brain

External Cerebral Veins

Internal Cerebral Veins

Blood Vessels of the Spinal Cord

Applied Anatomy

Neurotransmitters

Chapter 15 Neurotransmitter Pathways of the Central Nervous System

Monoamine Systems

Noradrenaline Neurons and Pathways

Dopamine Neurons and Pathways

Adrenaline Neurons and Pathways

Serotonin (5-HT) Neurons and Pathways

Cholinergic Systems

Cholinergic Pathways

Amino Acid Systems

y-Aminobutyric Acid (GABA)

Glycine

Glutamate

Peptide Systems

Glossary: Neuroanatomical and Clinical Terminology

Bibliography

Index


Details

No. of pages:
322
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Butterworth-Heinemann 1992
Published:
Imprint:
Butterworth-Heinemann
eBook ISBN:
9781483183916

About the Author

J. L. Wilkinson