Neural Integration and Behavior

Neural Integration and Behavior

1st Edition - May 28, 1982

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  • Editor: D.C. Sandeman
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323162654

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Neural Integration and Behavior examines the best neuroethologically researched systems in crustaceans. Research on these systems varies, with emphasis placed on physiological or behavioral aspects. The book places less emphasis on behavior and more on the interactions between neural elements. It presents information gathered from each system and its contribution to the nervous system. This volume provides a review of the ground won by neuroethologists in their study of crustaceans. It heralds a new and significant step in bridging the gap between the physiologists and the ethologists, namely, the search for neural mechanisms that underlie variability—the essence of animal behavior. The discussion gives different insights on various aspects of crustacean biology. This book is a valuable source for zoologists, paleontologists, ecologists, physiologists, endocrinologists, morphologists, pathologists, and fisheries biologists, and an essential reference work for institutional libraries.

Table of Contents

  • List of Contributors

    General Preface

    General Acknowledgments

    Preface to Volume 4

    Contents of Volumes 1-3

    1 Neural Integration in the Optic System

    I. Interneurons of the Optic Peduncle in Brachyuran Crabs, Lobsters, and Crayfish

    II. Visual Interneurons of the Crayfish Circumesophageal Commissures

    III. The Caudal Photoreceptor

    IV. Summary and Hypothesis


    2 Control of Posture

    I. Introduction

    II. Principles of Postural Control

    III. Thoracic Leg Posture

    IV. Abdominal Posture

    V. Conclusion

    List of Abbreviations


    3 Locomotion and Control of Limb Movements

    I. Introduction

    II. Limb Movement

    III. Intrasegmental Motor Programs

    IV. Inter-Limb Coordination and Gaits

    V. Segmental Oscillators for Rhythmic Limb Movements

    VI. Intersegmental Control Systems

    VII. Sensory Modulation of Limb Motor Programs

    VIII. Summary and Conclusions


    4 Autotomy

    I. Introduction

    II. The Incidence and Consequences of Autotomy

    III. Physical Factors in Autotomy

    IV. Function of the B-l Levator Muscles in Normal Locomotion and Autotomy

    V. Modifying Sensory Influences on Autotomy

    VI. The Behavioral Roles of Autotomy

    VII. Perspectives


    5 Compensatory Eye Movements

    I. Introduction

    II. The Eye as a Motor System

    III. Visual Responses

    IV. Responses Induced by the Statocysts

    V. Responses to Substrate

    VI. Multimodal Interaction


    6 Control of Mouthparts and Gut

    I. Control of the Mouthparts

    II. Control of the Foregut

    III. Control of the Midgut

    IV. Movements of the Hindgut and Anus

    V. Perspectives and Conclusion


    7 Small Systems of Neurons: Control of Rhythmic and Reflex Activities

    I. Introduction

    II. Several Small Systems: Motor Output and Its Mechanisms

    III. Principles of Operation

    IV. Trends and Prospects


    8 The Cellular Organization of Crayfish Escape Behavior

    I. Introduction

    II. Multiple Systems for Escape: The Role of the Giant Axons

    III. Organization of the Afferent Pathways

    IV. Motor Control: Excitatory Pathways for Flexion

    V. Motor Control: The Extensor System

    VI. Command-Derived Inhibition

    VII. Modulation of Escape Tendencies

    VIII. Concluding Remarks



    9 Views on the Nervous Control of Complex Behavior

    I. Introduction

    II. Studying Interneurons

    III. Multisegmental Interneurons and Behavior

    IV. Perspectives


    Systematic Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 350
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1982
  • Published: May 28, 1982
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323162654

About the Editor

D.C. Sandeman

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