Neural Integration and Behavior - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780121064044, 9780323162654

Neural Integration and Behavior

1st Edition

Editors: D.C. Sandeman
eBook ISBN: 9780323162654
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th May 1982
Page Count: 350
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Description

Neural Integration and Behavior examines the best neuroethologically researched systems in crustaceans. Research on these systems varies, with emphasis placed on physiological or behavioral aspects. The book places less emphasis on behavior and more on the interactions between neural elements. It presents information gathered from each system and its contribution to the nervous system. This volume provides a review of the ground won by neuroethologists in their study of crustaceans. It heralds a new and significant step in bridging the gap between the physiologists and the ethologists, namely, the search for neural mechanisms that underlie variability—the essence of animal behavior. The discussion gives different insights on various aspects of crustacean biology. This book is a valuable source for zoologists, paleontologists, ecologists, physiologists, endocrinologists, morphologists, pathologists, and fisheries biologists, and an essential reference work for institutional libraries.

Table of Contents


List of Contributors

General Preface

General Acknowledgments

Preface to Volume 4

Contents of Volumes 1-3

1 Neural Integration in the Optic System

I. Interneurons of the Optic Peduncle in Brachyuran Crabs, Lobsters, and Crayfish

II. Visual Interneurons of the Crayfish Circumesophageal Commissures

III. The Caudal Photoreceptor

IV. Summary and Hypothesis

References

2 Control of Posture

I. Introduction

II. Principles of Postural Control

III. Thoracic Leg Posture

IV. Abdominal Posture

V. Conclusion

List of Abbreviations

References

3 Locomotion and Control of Limb Movements

I. Introduction

II. Limb Movement

III. Intrasegmental Motor Programs

IV. Inter-Limb Coordination and Gaits

V. Segmental Oscillators for Rhythmic Limb Movements

VI. Intersegmental Control Systems

VII. Sensory Modulation of Limb Motor Programs

VIII. Summary and Conclusions

References

4 Autotomy

I. Introduction

II. The Incidence and Consequences of Autotomy

III. Physical Factors in Autotomy

IV. Function of the B-l Levator Muscles in Normal Locomotion and Autotomy

V. Modifying Sensory Influences on Autotomy

VI. The Behavioral Roles of Autotomy

VII. Perspectives

References

5 Compensatory Eye Movements

I. Introduction

II. The Eye as a Motor System

III. Visual Responses

IV. Responses Induced by the Statocysts

V. Responses to Substrate

VI. Multimodal Interaction

References

6 Control of Mouthparts and Gut

I. Control of the Mouthparts

II. Control of the Foregut

III. Control of the Midgut

IV. Movements of the Hindgut and Anus

V. Perspectives and Conclusion

References

7 Small Systems of Neurons: Control of Rhythmic and Reflex Activities

I. Introduction

II. Several Small Systems: Motor Output and Its Mechanisms

III. Principles of Operation

IV. Trends and Prospects

References

8 The Cellular Organization of Crayfish Escape Behavior

I. Introduction

II. Multiple Systems for Escape: The Role of the Giant Axons

III. Organization of the Afferent Pathways

IV. Motor Control: Excitatory Pathways for Flexion

V. Motor Control: The Extensor System

VI. Command-Derived Inhibition

VII. Modulation of Escape Tendencies

VIII. Concluding Remarks

Abbreviations

References

9 Views on the Nervous Control of Complex Behavior

I. Introduction

II. Studying Interneurons

III. Multisegmental Interneurons and Behavior

IV. Perspectives

References

Systematic Index

Subject Index




Details

No. of pages:
350
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1982
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780323162654

About the Editor

D.C. Sandeman