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A Primer with MATLAB® and Python™ present important information on the emergence of the use of Python, a more general purpose option to MATLAB, the preferred computation language for scientific computing and analysis in neuroscience.
This book addresses the snake in the room by providing a beginner’s introduction to the principles of computation and data analysis in neuroscience, using both Python and MATLAB, giving readers the ability to transcend platform tribalism and enable coding versatility.
- Includes discussions of both MATLAB and Python in parallel
- Introduces the canonical data analysis cascade, standardizing the data analysis flow
- Presents tactics that strategically, tactically, and algorithmically help improve the organization of code
Students, researchers and instructors in Systems, Cognitive and Behavioral Neuroscience, and Cognitive Psychology
Part I: Foundations
Chapter 1. Philosophy
- What Is Data Science?
- What Is Neural Data Science?
- How Is Neural Data Science Different From Computational Neuroscience?
- Data as Seen by Data Scientists Versus Data Seen by Neural Data Scientists
- What Is a Neural Data Scientist?
- Why Do I Need to be Able to Write Computer Code?
- What Is Neural Data?
- Can We Just Add “Neuro” to the Front of Anything?
- Why Python?
- Why MATLAB?
- What Is Industrial Data Science? How Is It Different From Engineering?
Chapter 2. From 0 to 0.01
- What Is the Goal of This Chapter?
- How Do I Get Started Coding?
- What’s the Command Line? What’s the Environment?
- How Are Python and MATLAB Different?
- How Do I Display Something on the Screen?
- How Do I Do Arithmetic in Python or MATLAB?
- How Do I Input Exponents in Python and MATLAB?
- What Is the Role of Blank Space in Writing Code, If Any?
- What Is the Order of Operations in Python and MATLAB?
- What Are Functions?
- What Are Python Packages? What Are MATLAB Toolboxes? Are These Different From Libraries?
- How Do I Get Help?
- What Are Variables?
- How Can I Access or Display What Is Contained in a Given Variable?
- What Is “ans” in MATLAB?
- What Can We Call Our Variables?
- What Is a Vector? How Do I Store a Vector in POM?
- How Do I Calculate the Sum and Mean of All Values in a Vector?
- We Need to Talk About the Echo
- How Do I Calculate the Length of a Vector?
- What Are Matrices, What Are Arrays?
- Back to Vectors: How to Vectorize a Matrix?
- What Can We Do With All of This?
- The Find Function
- Adding Matrices and Dealing With Holes in Arrays
- What Is a Normal Distribution? How Do We Draw From One, How Do We Plot One With POM?
- How Do I Plot Something More Meaningful?
- How Do I Save What I’m Working On so That I Can Load It Again Later?
Part II: Neural Data Analysis
Chapter 3. Wrangling Spike Trains
- Questions We Did Not Address
Chapter 4. Correlating Spike Trains
Chapter 5. Analog Signals
Chapter 6. Biophysical Modeling
- Biophysical Properties of Neurons
- Why Use Simulations?
- Why Object-Oriented Programming?
- Python Is Inherently Object-Oriented: How Does MATLAB Implement These Things?
- Creating theclass Neuron
- Modeling the Response Properties of This Neuron
Part III: Going Beyond the Data
Chapter 7. Regression
- Describing the Relation Between Synaptic Potentials and Spikes
Chapter 8. Dimensionality Reduction
- Calculating the Covariance Matrix Between Variables
- Factor Extraction as an Axis Rotation
- Determining the Number of Factors
- Interpreting the Meaning of Factors
- Determining the Factor Values of the Original Variables
Chapter 9. Classification and Clustering
- Predictions, Validation, and Crossvalidation
Chapter 10. Web Scraping
- What Lies Beyond 1?
Appendix A. MATLAB to Python (Table of Equivalences)
- Lists and Cells
- Importing Packages Versus Default Packages
- Random Number Generation
- Numerical Types
Appendix B. Frequently Made Mistakes
Appendix C. Practical Considerations, Technical Issues, Tips and Tricks
- Package Installation
- Python List Comprehensions
- Python Lists Versus Numpy Arrays
- Text Editors, The Command Line, How to Go between Sublime and the Terminal
- Python on Windows
- Jupyter: Using It and Its Great Functions
- The Biggest Differences Between Python 2 and 3
- Conventions in Python
- MATLAB Tips and Tricks
- Practical Considerations
Glossary (Including Additional Python and MATLAB Packages and Examples)
- No. of pages:
- © Academic Press 2017
- 24th February 2017
- Academic Press
- Paperback ISBN:
- eBook ISBN:
Erik Lee Nylen received his PhD from the Center for Neural Science at New York University, and his BSE and MS in Biomedical Engineering at the University of Iowa. He did a fellowship at Insight Data Science, and has taught at the Neural Data Science summer course at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory. He is a patented inventor and has performed with numerous musical groups. He is currently a data scientist in New York, where he also is Executive Co-Director of The Stand, the New York City Dance Marathon.
New York University, New York, NY, USA
Pascal Wallisch serves as a professor in the Department of Psychology at New York University where he currently teaches statistics, programming and the use of mathematical tools in neuroscience and psychology. He received his PhD in Psychology from the University of Chicago and worked as a postdoctoral fellow at the Center for Neural Science at New York University. He has a long-term commitment and is dedicated to educational excellence, which was recognized by the “Wayne C. Booth Graduate Student Prize for Excellence in teaching” at the University of Chicago and the “Golden Dozen Award” at New York University. He co-founded and co-organizes the “Neural Data Science” summer course at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory and co-authored “Matlab for Neuroscientists”.
New York University, New York, NY, USA
"Making sense of data is emerging as the limiting factor of progress in neuroscience. This book is the accessible way to learn how to do that." --Konrad Koerding, Professor, Northwestern University
"This is a fun, hands-on introduction to the important emerging field of neural data science. It's at the intersection of programming, data analysis, and neuroscience -- perfect for aspiring researchers looking to learn these three in parallel. This book will help inspire a new generation to join us in finding out how the brain works with modern computational tools." --Nikolaus Kriegeskorte, Programme leader, Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, University of Cambridge
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