Neural Control of Circulation

Neural Control of Circulation

1st Edition - January 1, 1980

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  • Editor: Maysie Hurnes
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323160506

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Neural Control of Circulation presents an in-depth view of specialized areas in the neural regulation of the circulatory system that have been the subject of intensive research, the historical basis and theory from which those investigations evolved, and directions for future studies. Special emphasis is placed on critical evaluation of the experimental data in each field of research. This volume is comprised of seven chapters and begins with a synthesis of a large number of studies undertaken using conscious animals, particularly those that focuses on the behavioral and cerebral control of cardiovascular function. The second chapter explores the role of the brain stem and cerebellum in cardiovascular control. Next, specific research areas concerning bulbospinal control of sympathetic nerve discharge are discussed. This is followed by a chapter devoted to the nucleus tractus solitarii and experimental neurogenic hypertension. A concept in potential hypertensive mechanisms involving long-term transsynaptic regulation of adrenal medullary function is also described, and the neural control of the circulation during hypoxia is considered. Finally, aspects of central nervous system pharmacology and regulation of circulation are examined. This book is designed for individuals who are interested in the cardiovascular system and its function, and should also prove useful to students and researchers in physiology and individuals in other ancillary areas of bioscience.

Table of Contents

  • List of Contributors


    1. Behavioral and Cerebral Control of Cardiovascular Function

    I. Introduction

    II. The Awake, Behaviorally Controlled Primate Preparation

    III. Results

    IV. Discussion


    2. Brain Stem and Cerebellar Mechanisms of Cardiovascular Control

    I. Introduction

    II. The Brain as a Governing Force in Cardiovascular Control

    III. Functional Anatomy and General Organization of the Lower Brain Stem

    IV. Functional Anatomy and General Organization of the Cerebellum

    V. Cerebellar Influences on Central Cardiovascular Control

    VI. Neurotransmitters Potentially Involved in Central Cardiovascular Regulation

    VII. Summary


    3. Bulbospinal Control of Sympathetic Nerve Discharge

    I. Introduction

    II. Historical Overview

    III. Current Research Topics

    IV. Perspective for the Future


    4. The Nucleus Tractus Solitarii (NTS) and Experimental Neurogenic Hypertension

    I. The Brain and Hypertension

    II. NTS Hypertension

    III. Liability of Arterial Pressure Produced by Impairment of the Adrenergic Innervation of NTS

    IV. Summary and Conclusions


    5. The Molecular Mechanisms for the Long-term Transsynaptic Regulation of Adrenal Medullary Function

    I. Introduction

    II. Mechanisms for Long-term Transsynaptic Regulation

    III. Conclusions


    6. Neural Control of the Circulation during Hypoxia

    I. Introduction

    II. Background

    III. Initiating Factors

    IV. Cardiovascular Adjustments

    V. Summary and Conclusions


    7. Pharmacological Aspects of Neural Control of the Circulation

    I. Introduction

    II. Sympathetic Vasodilation in the Defense Reaction

    III. Depressor Pathway Involving the Anterior Hypothalamus

    IV. Neuropharmacology

    V. Conclusions



Product details

  • No. of pages: 188
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1980
  • Published: January 1, 1980
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323160506

About the Editor

Maysie Hurnes

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