Neural and Brain Modeling

Neural and Brain Modeling

1st Edition - December 9, 1987

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  • Author: Ronald MacGregor
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323143844

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Neural and Brain Modeling reviews models used to study neural interactions. The book also discusses 54 computer programs that simulate the dynamics of neurons and neuronal networks to illustrate between unit and systemic levels of nervous system functions. The models of neural and brain operations are composed of three sections: models of generic mechanisms; models of specific neuronal systems; and models of generic operations, networks, and systems. The text discusses the computational problems related to galvanizing a neuronal population though an activity in the multifiber input system. The investigator can use a computer technique to simulate multiple interacting neuronal populations. For example, he can investigate the case of a single local region that contains two populations of neurons: namely, a parent population of excitatory cells, and a second set of inhibitory neurons. Computer simulation models predict the various dynamic activity occurring in the complicated structure and physiology of neuronal systems. Computer models can be used in "top-down" brain/mind research where the systemic, global, and emergent properties of nervous systems are generated. The book is recommended for behavioral scientists, psychiatrists, psychologists, computer programmers, students, and professors in human behavior.

Table of Contents

  • Preface

    Part I. Models of the Nervous System: A Review of the Literature

    1. Introduction

    Generic Mechanisms

    2. Single Neurons: Spike Generation

    3. Single Neurons: Dendritic Trees

    4. Biophysical and Chemical Levels of Control and Intercellular Communication

    Models of Specific Neuronal Systems and Networks

    5. "Simpler Systems" and Invertebrate Systems

    6. Early and Lower-Level Vertebrate Systems

    7. Limbic Systems

    8. Neocortical and Thalamocortical Systems

    Generic Operations, Systems, and Networks

    9. Neural Networks

    10. Cognitive Operations and Structures

    11. Clinical Models

    12. Outer Limits


    Part II. Computer Simulation of Neuronal Systems

    13. Introduction

    14. Simplified Models of Single Neurons

    15. Synaptic Bombardment in Model Neurons

    16. Small Pools of Neurons

    17. Junctions of Neuronal Populations

    18. Local Networks, Feed-Forward, and Recurrent Connections: Lateral Inhibition and Internally Sustained Activity

    19. Systems of Interacting Neuronal Populations

    20. Embedding of Memory Traces in Neuronal Junctions and Systems by Hebbian Learning

    21. More Accurate Models of Neurons with Dendritic Trees

    22. Propagation of Action Potentials in Axons and Axon Termination Fields

    23. Systems of Neuronal Populations with Dendritic Trees

    24. The Place of Computer Modeling in Neuroscience

    Appendix 1. Symbols Used in FORTRAN Programs

    Appendix 2. Computer Programs

    Appendix 3. Programs for Multiple Embedding of Memory Traces (MLSYS41, LDS4541, DSPLAY2, CMPTP1)


Product details

  • No. of pages: 656
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1987
  • Published: December 9, 1987
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323143844

About the Author

Ronald MacGregor

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