Neonatal Physiological Measurements - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780407004511, 9781483162355

Neonatal Physiological Measurements

1st Edition

Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Fetal and Neonatal Physiological Measurements

Editors: Peter Rolfe
eBook ISBN: 9781483162355
Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
Published Date: 24th November 1986
Page Count: 486
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Description

Neonatal Physiological Measurements documents the proceedings of the Second International Conference on Fetal and Neonatal Physiological Measurements. The book is organized into eight parts. The papers in Part I deal with general topics on the monitoring of newborn infants. Part II presents studies on cerebral hemodynamics. Part III focuses on blood gas analysis. Part IV examines respiratory measurements while Part V presents investigations into sudden infant death syndrome. Part VII covers applications of nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Part VIII takes up neonatal monitoring technologies for developing countries. Part VIII, the Appendix, contains two keynote speeches. The first discusses the measurement of human umbilical venous blood flow in utero. The second paper discusses the measurement of fetal heart rate variation.

Table of Contents


Newborn General

1 The Influence of Vernix Caseosa in Water Transport through Semipermeable Membranes and the Skin of Full-Term Infants

2 Small Size Zero-Heat-Flux Probe for Neonatal Body Temperature Monitoring

3 Temperature Variability of Very Low Birthweight Infants Nursed in Infant Servo Controlled Incubators

4 Clicks and Clunks in Congenital Dislocation of the Hip

5 A Comparison of Direct Arterial Pressure and Non-Invasive Arterial Pressure Measurement by Oscillometry in Preterm Infants

6 Doppler Blood Velocity Measurements in the Great Vessels of Newborn Infants

7 The Use of a Computer-Linked Monitoring System for the Continuous Collection of Physiological and Environmental Data from Neonates Undergoing Intensive Care

8 The Use of a Microcomputer for On-line Analysis of Heart Rate Variability in Newborn Infants

9 Tetrahydrobiopterin Deficiency in the Neonate: Detection, Origin and Timing

10 Design of Glucose Analysis Suitable for Incorporation into a Microprocessor Controlled Regulator of Blood Glucose in the Newborn

11 Non-Invasive Blood Pressure Measurements in the Neonate

Cerebral Haemodynamics

12 Positron Emission Tomography in the Newborn: Regional CBF in the Preterm Infant with Intraventricular Haemorrhage and Haemorrhagic Intracerebral Involvement and in the Asphyxiated Term Infant

13 The Effects of Interruption to the Cranial Venous Drainage on Cerebral Haemodynamics in the Newborn Infant Frances Cowan and Marianne Thoresen

14 The Interpretation of Cerebral Doppler Ultrasound Signals in the Newborn

15 Cerebral Blood Flow Velocity: Cerebrovascular Monitoring in Neonatal Critical Care

16 The Effect of Some Physiological Variables on the Doppler Ultrasound Waveforms in Cerebral Vessels of Healthy Newborn Infants

17 Doppler Spectral Analysis of Cerebral Blood Flow in the Preterm Infants and the Relationship to Intraventricular Haemorrhage

18 Cerebral Haemodynamics in the Human Newborn Studied by Electrical Impedance - Methodology

19 Low CBF in the Preterm Neonate

20 Cerebral Haemodynamics in the Human Newborn Studied by an Electrical Impedance Method - Clinical Considerations

21 Perinatal Cerebral Ischaemia and Cognitive Dysfunctions in Childhood

22 Towards Non-Invasive Monitoring of Cerebral Metabolism

23 Ultrasound Appearance of the Brain in Very Preterm Infants and Probability of Neurodevelopmental Disorders at 18 Months of Age

24 Can Ultrasound Predict Developmental Outcome of Infants with Grade III and Grade IV Intraventricular Haemorrhage?

25 An Evaluation of Fontanelle Pressure Measurements

26 Direct Measurement of Intracranial Pressure in the Newborn

27 Measurement of Cerebral Ventricular Areas in the Newborn - A More Sensitive Technique for the Diagnosis of Early Hydrocephalus

28 Prediction by Brainstem Auditory Evoked Potentials in Very Preterm Infants of Hearing Status at 1 Year of Age

Blood Gas

Keynote:

29 Skin Surface Gas Pressures and Transcutaneous Blood Gas Analysis

30 The Development of a Disposable Skin-Surface Oxygen Transduce

31 The Pulsed Membrane Gas Electrode

32 Transcutaneous Oxygen and Carbon Dioxide Monitoring in Sick Neonates Using a Simple Combined Sensor

33 The Effect of Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibition on the tcPCO2

34 Percutaneous Monitoring of Tissue pH with a Polymer Membrane pH Transducer

35 Tissue pH Monitoring in Critically Ill Neonates: Experience with a Disposable Wire Electrode

36 A Microcomputer Based Monitoring System for the Measurement of Transcutaneous Oxygen Tension

Respiratory

37 Lung Compliance Measurements in Convalescent and Sick Intubated Infants

38 Reliability of Dynamic and Static Compliance Measurement in Preterm Babies

39 Is the Measurement of Compliance Useful for Clinical Management in Preterm Infants?

40 Single Breath Lung Mechanics during Mechanical Ventilation of Very Low Birthweight Infants

41 Lung Volumes in Full-Term Neonates during Active and Quiet Sleep

42 A Simple Method to Determine Functional Residual Capacity in the Newborn by N2 Washout

43 Clinical Use of a Microcomputer-Assisted System for Measuring Transcutaneous Oxygen Tension in Infants with Bronchopulmary Dysplasia and Lung Hypoplasia

44 Cardiorespirography in Differential Diagnosis of Neonatal Apnoea

45 Computer-Assisted Evaluation of Respiration in Newborns and Infants during Sleep

46 The Synchronometer: A Prototype Device to Measure Infant Respiratory Synchrony

47 Continuous Recording and Analysis of Cardiorespiratory Variables in Ill Preterm Infants

48 Cord Blood Hormonal Relationship of Thyroid and Cortisol

49 Pathogenesis of Pneumothorax in Mechanically Ventilated Newborn Infants: A Theoretical Model

Sudden Infant Death Syndrome

50 Investigations of Respiratory Control in Infants to Assess Possible Risk for Sids

51 Comparative Analysis of Pneumograms and Ventilatory Response to Carbon Dioxide in Infantile Apnoea

52 Pneumocardiography in High Risk Newborns: Experience and Reason

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance

53 NMR Proton Relaxation Times in the Study of the Neonate

54 Tissue Localization in Surface Coil Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) Spectroscopy

55 Estimation of Cerebral Intracellular pH by 31P and 1H Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy

56 Cerebral Metabolism in Newborn Infants Studied by Phosphorus Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy

57 Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Imaging in the Clinical Evaluation of Neurological Problems of the Newborn and Their Subsequent Evolution

58 Visual Evoked Responses to Led Photostimulation in Newborn Infants

59 A Transport and Life Support System for Newborn Infants during NMR Spectroscopy

Developing Countries

60 The Water-Filled Mattress. An Alternative to Incubator Care in Developed and Developing Countries?

61 The Design and Manufacture of Perinatal Equipment for the Developing Countries

62 a Simple and Sturdy New Incubator with Modular Storage Heater Intended for Transport of High Risk Newborns in Developing and Industrialized Countries

63 Birthweight: New and Available Technologies for Primary Health Care

Appendix

Keynote:

64 Measurement of Human Umbilical Venous Blood Flow In Utero

Keynote:

65 Measurement of Heart Rate Variation in the Human Fetus

Contributors

Index


Details

No. of pages:
486
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Butterworth-Heinemann 1986
Published:
Imprint:
Butterworth-Heinemann
eBook ISBN:
9781483162355

About the Editor

Peter Rolfe

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