Natural Phenomena - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780444415073, 9780444596420

Natural Phenomena, Volume 14A

1st Edition

Serial Editors: Barry Voight
eBook ISBN: 9780444596420
Imprint: Elsevier Science
Published Date: 1st January 1982
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Table of Contents


Preface

List of Contributors

Selected SI Conversion Factors

Rockslides and Avalanches: An Introduction

Classic Rockslides and Avalanches

Prehistoric Mass Movements

Rock Creep, Scale Effects and Related Questions

Mass Movement of Snow and Ice

References

Dedication

Chapter 1. Albert Heim: Observations on Landslides and Relevance to Modern Interpretations

Introduction

The Elm Event

Geometry of the Elm Sturzstrom Deposit

Travel Distance of Sturzstrom Deposits

Flow of Cohesionless Grains

Speed of the Elm Sturzstrom

Presentation of Alternative Views

Sliding and Flowing?

Sturzstroms on the Moon?

Conclusions

References

Classic Rockslides and Avalanches

Chapter 2. Frank Rockslide, Alberta, Canada

Abstract

Introduction

History of Investigation

Geology of Turtle Mountain

Stability Analysis

Discussion

Acknowledgements

References

Chapter 3. Lower Gros Ventre Slide, Wyoming, U.S.A

Abstract

Introduction

Geologic Environment

Geotechnical Property Investigations

Chronicle of Slide Events

Description of Slide Mass and Zone of Detachment

Events Triggered by Rise and Fall of Slide Lake Level

On Kinematic Models, Rheology, and Boundary Conditions

Acknowledgements

References

Chapter 4. Madison Canyon Rockslide, Montana, U.S.A

Abstract

Introduction

Geologic and Climatic Setting

Surface Features of the Slide Area

Composition of the Slide Mass

Movement of the Slide

Airmass Entrapment

Causes and Mechanics of Slide Movement

References

Chapter 5. Little Tahoma Peak Rockfalls and Avalanches, Mount Rainier, Washington, U.S.A

Abstract

Introduction

Geographic and Geologic Setting

Rockfalls and Debris Avalanches

Description of Avalanche Deposits

Movement and Velocity of Avalanches

References

Chapter 6. Sherman Glacier Rock Avalanche, Alaska, U.S.A

Abstract

Introduction

The Sherman Glacier Rock Avalanche

Mode of Emplacement of Other Alaskan Rock Avalanches

Applicability of Mechanical Fluidization to Other Rock Avalanches

Summary

Acknowledgements

Appendix

References

Chapter 7. Hope Rockslides, British Columbia, Canada

Abstract

Introduction

Geological Description

Meteorological and Hydrological Conditions

Associated Seismic Activity

Description of the 1965 Slide

Rockslide Kinematics

Energy Dissipation

Discussion

Acknowledgements

References

Chapter 8. Nevados Huascaran Avalanches, Peru

Abstract

Introduction

The 1970 Avalanche

The 1962 Avalanche

The Pre-Columbian Avalanche

Discussion

Acknowledgements

References

Chapter 9. Mayunmarca Rockslide and Debris Flow, Peru

Abstract

Introduction

General Setting

The Catastrophe of 25 April 1974

Consequential Events

Acknowledgements

References

Large-Scale Prehistoric Mass Movements

Chapter 10. Downie Slide, Columbia River, British Columbia, Canada

Abstract

Introduction

Physical Features of the Slide

Geological Conditions of the Slide

Hydrology

Slope Indicator Surveys

Seismic Surveys

Rock Noise Surveys

Field Surveys to Monitor Surface Movement

Earth Tremors and Seismoscope Measurements

Origin and Kinematics of the Slide

Acknowledgements

References

Chapter 11. Bearpaw Mountains Rockslide, Montana, U.S.A

Abstract

Introduction

Analytical Methods, Geometry and Model Data

Stability Analysis

Conclusions

Acknowledgements

References

Chapter 12. Heart Mountain Fault and Absaroka Volcanism, Wyoming and Montana, U.S.A

Abstract

Introduction

The Rocks

General Structural Relations

Intrusive Rocks and Contact Metamorphism

Post-Slide Volcanism

Mechanism of Heart Mountain Deformation

References

Chapter 13. Dakota Group Rockslides, Northern Front Range, Colorado, U.S.A.

Abstract

Introduction

Description of Landslides

Age of Landslides

Mechanics of Landslides

Discussion

Appendix

References

Chapter 14. Blackhawk Landslide, California, U.S.A

Abstract

Introduction

Geology

Mechanics of Runout

Closing Comments

Acknowledgements

References

Chapter 15. Transported Rocks of the Taconide Zone, Eastern North America

Abstract

Introduction

Regional Relationships

Mechanics of Emplacement

Discussion

Acknowledgements

References

Chapter 16. Submarine Slides

Abstract

Introduction

The Seismic Profiling Method: Advantages and Limitations

Classification and Scale of Slides

The Environment of Submarine Slides

Submarine Slides in the Literature

Characteristics of Large Submarine Slides: Classification and Geological Significance

Conclusions

Acknowledgements

References

Rock Creep, Scale Effects and Related Questions

Chapter 17. Gravitational Creep of Rock Masses on Slopes

Abstract

Introduction

Examples

Discussion

Economic Significance

Acknowledgements

References

Chapter 18. Incremental Movement of a Rockslide

Abstract

Introduction

Rainbow Avenue Slide, Highland Park

Mechanism of Movement

Acknowledgements

References

Chapter 19. Simulation of Slope Creep

Abstract

Introduction

Constitutive Relationships and Material Behavior

Solution Methods

Application of the Finite Element Method to Slope Creep

Conclusions

Acknowledgements

References

Chapter 20. Scale-Dependent Rockslide Mechanisms, with Emphasis on the Role of Pore Fluid Vaporization

Abstract

Introduction

Similitude in Some Rotational Slides

Mechanical Problems Involving Large Landslides

The Scale Effect in Avalanches

Discussion

Appendix

References

Chapter 21. Role of Gravity in Plate Tectonics

Abstract

Introduction

Plate Tectonics and Sea-Floor Spreading

The Gravitational Mechanism of Plate Tectonics

Mechanisms of Plate Tectonics and Rockslides: A Comparison

Acknowledgements

References

Mass Movement of Snow and Ice

Chapter 22. Failure of Snow Slopes

Abstract

Introduction

The Mountain Snowpack

Stress and Failure Analysis of Snow

Slab Avalanche Observations

Release Mechanisms

References

Chapter 23. Dynamics of Snow Avalanches

Abstract

Introduction

Avalanche Types

Slide Initiation

Types of Motion

Analysis of Avalanche Motion

Dynamic Forces Imposed by Avalanches and Associated Winds

Conclusions

References

Chapter 24. Mechanics of Glacier Movement

Abstract

Introduction

General Behavior of Glaciers

Behavior of Ice

Internal Deformation in Glaciers

Sliding of Glaciers

Large-Scale Behavior

Acknowledgements

References

Description

Developments in Geotechnical Engineering, Vol. 14A: Rockslides and Avalanches, 1: Natural Phenomena focuses on attempts to provide a foundation for studies of mass movement phenomena in the Western Hemisphere.

The selection first elaborates on Albert Heim's observations on landslides and relevance to modern interpretations, Frank rockslide in Alberta, Canada, and Lower Gros Ventre slide in Wyoming, U.S.A. Discussions focus on geologic environment, events triggered by rise and fall of slide lake level, description of slide mass and zone of detachment, stability analysis, travel distance of sturzstrom deposits, and geometry of the Elm sturzstrom deposits. The publication then takes a look at Madison Canyon rockslide in Montana, U.S.A., Little Tahoma Peak rockfalls and avalanches in Mount Rainier, Washington, U.S.A., Sherman Glacier rock avalanche in Alaska, U.S.A., and Nevados Huascaran avalanches in Peru. Topics include rockslide kinematics, associated seismic activity, meteorological and hydrological conditions, mode of emplacement of other Alaskan rock avalanches, and applicability of mechanical fluidization to other rock avalanches. The text examines the mechanics of glacier movement, dynamics of snow avalanches, failure of snow slopes, and role of gravity in plate tectonics.

The selection is a valuables reference for researchers wanting to study further rockslides and avalanches.


Details

Language:
English
Copyright:
© Elsevier Science 1978
Published:
Imprint:
Elsevier Science
eBook ISBN:
9780444596420

Reviews

@qu:...a classic. @source: Australian Mining


About the Serial Editors

Barry Voight Serial Editor

Affiliations and Expertise

College of Earth and Mineral Sciences, Pennsylvania State University