Natural Fiber-Reinforced Biodegradable and Bioresorbable Polymer Composites - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780081006566, 9780081006696

Natural Fiber-Reinforced Biodegradable and Bioresorbable Polymer Composites

1st Edition

Editors: Alan Lau Ada Pui Yan Hung
eBook ISBN: 9780081006696
Hardcover ISBN: 9780081006566
Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
Published Date: 1st March 2017
Page Count: 208
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Natural Fiber-Reinforced Biodegradable and Bioresorbable Polymer Composites focuses on key areas of fundamental research and applications of biocomposites. Several key elements that affect the usage of these composites in real-life applications are discussed. There will be a comprehensive review on the different kinds of biocomposites at the beginning of the book, then the different types of natural fibers, bio-polymers, and green nanoparticle biocomposites are discussed as well as their potential for future development and use in engineering biomedical and domestic products.

Recently mankind has realized that unless the environment is protected, he himself will be threatened by the over consumption of natural resources as well as a substantial reduction in the amount of fresh air produced in the world. Conservation of forests and the optimal utilization of agricultural and other renewable resources like solar, wind, and tidal energy, have become important topics worldwide. With such concern, the use of renewable resources—such as plant and animal-based, fiber-reinforced polymeric composites—are now becoming an important design criterion for designing and manufacturing components for a broad range of different industrial products.

Research on biodegradable polymeric composites can contribute, to some extent, to a much greener and safer environment. For example, in the biomedical and bioengineering fields, the use of natural fiber mixed with biodegradable and bioresorbable polymers can produce joint and bone fixtures to alleviate pain in patients.

Key Features

  • Includes comprehensive information about the sources, properties, and biodegradability of natural fibers
  • Discusses failure mechanisms and modeling of natural fibers composites
  • Analyzes the effectiveness of using natural materials for enhancing mechanical, thermal, and biodegradable properties


R&D managers in the textile industry; postgraduate students and academic researchers in textile science

Table of Contents

1. Natural fiber-reinforced polymer-based composites

  • Abstract
  • 1.1 Introduction
  • 1.2 Silkworm silk fiber
  • 1.3 Chicken feather fiber
  • 1.4 Conclusion
  • References

2. Particleboards from agricultural lignocellulosics and biodegradable polymers prepared with raw materials from natural resources

  • Abstract
  • 2.1 Introduction
  • 2.2 Composites: Types, production, and advantages over raw wood
  • 2.3 Biodegradable and Bioresourceable polymeric materials
  • 2.4 Agricultural materials used in composites
  • 2.5 Review of particleboards manufactured with agricultural materials and biodegradeable/bioresourceable polymers in the last decade
  • 2.6 Applications—Market
  • 2.7 Conclusions
  • References

3. Green composites made from cellulose nanofibers and bio-based epoxy: Processing, performance, and applications

  • Abstract
  • 3.1 Introduction
  • 3.2 How to prepare the cellulose-based aerogel preform
  • 3.3 Making cellulose nanocomposite
  • 3.4 Mechanical, microstructural, and tribological characterization
  • 3.5 Sample results obtained from mechanical, microstructural, and tribological tests
  • References

4. Biodegradable fiber-reinforced polymer composites for construction applications

  • Abstract
  • 4.1 Introduction
  • 4.2 Polymer composites for construction applications
  • 4.3 Polymer stabilized earth blocks
  • 4.4 Analysis of the influence of the fiber type
  • 4.5 Life cycle assessment of polymer composite blocks
  • 4.6 Future trends
  • Acknowledgments
  • References

5. Bleached kraft softwood fibers reinforced polylactic acid composites, tensile and flexural strengths

  • Abstract
  • 5.1 Introduction
  • 5.2 Materials and methods
  • 5.3 Results and discussion
  • 5.4 Conclusions
  • References

6. Silk for sustainable composites

  • Abstract
  • 6.1 Introduction
  • 6.2 Silk as a particulate reinforcement in biofoams
  • 6.3 Nonwoven and woven silk laminate composites
  • 6.4 Evaluating the sustainability of silk and it composites
  • Acknowledgments
  • References

7. Effects of cellulose nanowhiskers preparation methods on the properties of hybrid montmorillonite/cellulose nanowhiskers reinforced polylactic acid nanocomposites

  • Abstract
  • 7.1 Introduction
  • 7.2 Materials and methods
  • 7.3 Testing and characterization
  • 7.4 Results and discussion
  • 7.5 Conclusion
  • Acknowledgments
  • References

8. Bio-based resins for fiber-reinforced polymer composites

  • Abstract
  • 8.1 Introduction
  • 8.2 Biophenolic resins
  • 8.3 Bio-based epoxy resins
  • 8.4 Bio-based polyurethane (BPU)
  • 8.5 Cellulose acetate
  • 8.6 Biopolyesters
  • 8.7 Biopolyolefins
  • 8.8 Summary and future perspectives of bioresins
  • Acknowledgments
  • References

9. Processing of lignocellulosic fiber-reinforced biodegradable composites

  • Abstract
  • 9.1 Introduction
  • 9.2 Challenges in primary processing of LFBC
  • 9.3 Processing of biocomposites
  • 9.4 Conclusions
  • References


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About the Editor

Alan Lau

Dr Lau originally joined the Hong Kong Aircraft Engineering Company Ltd as a craft apprentice for 4 years and then went on to receive his BEng and MEng in Aerospace Engineering from RMIT University, Australia in 1996 and 1997. Within that same period, he also worked for General Aviation Maintenance Pty Ltd, Australia, as a Trainee Engineer, and for the Cooperative Research Centre for Advanced Composite Structures, Australia, as a Research Assistant designing a repair scheme for the composite performance of aircraft structures. He received his PhD from the Hong Kong Polytechnic University in 2001and was later appointed Assistant Professor, Associate Professor and Full Professor. Currently, he is also an Adjunct Professor and Advisor at the Centre of Excellence in Engineered Fibre Composites, Australia. Based on his outstanding performance in the fields of materials science and engineering, Dr Lau has received numerous awards in both research and teaching areas including the Best Paper Award on Materials (1998), Sir Edward Youde Memorial Fellowship Award (2000), Young Scientist Award (2002), Young Engineer of the Year Award (2004), Award for Outstanding Research in Nanocomposites for Space Applications (2006), Chemical Physics Letters, Most Cited Paper 2003-2007, Award for Innovative Excellence in Teaching, Learning and Technology (2009), USA, The most cited paper award in Composites Part B: Engineering issued by Elsevier Sciences (2011) and the Outstanding International Research Leader Award (2011). He has been invited by many professional bodies to give keynote lectures in the areas of smart composites, green and bio-composites and nanocomposites over the past 10 years and he currently serves as an editorial board member for many international journals. His papers have been cited over 2200 times with the h-index and citations per paper of 24 and 18, respectively.

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Mechanical Engineering, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong

Ada Pui Yan Hung

Dr. Ada Pui Yan Hung is a Professor in the Faculty of Science at Swinburne University of Technology, Australia.

Affiliations and Expertise

Engineering and Technology, Swinburne University of Technology, Australia.