Natural Fibre Composites - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780857095244, 9780857099228

Natural Fibre Composites

1st Edition

Materials, Processes and Properties

Editors: Alma Hodzic Robert Shanks
eBook ISBN: 9780857099228
Hardcover ISBN: 9780857095244
Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
Published Date: 13th December 2013
Page Count: 408
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Table of Contents

  • Contributor contact details
  • Woodhead Publishing Series in Composites Science and Engineering
  • Part I: Natural fibre reinforcements
    • Chapter 1: Wood fibres as reinforcements in natural fibre composites: structure, properties, processing and applications
      • Abstract:
      • 1.1 Introduction
      • 1.2 Wood fibres: nature and behaviour
      • 1.3 Modification of wood fibres for composites
      • 1.4 Matrices (binders) of wood fibre composites
      • 1.5 Process techniques of wood fibre composites
      • 1.6 Properties of wood fibre composites
      • 1.7 Applications of wood fibre composites
      • 1.8 Future trends
    • Chapter 2: Chemistry and structure of cellulosic fibres as reinforcements in natural fibre composites
      • Abstract:
      • 2.1 Introduction
      • 2.2 Glucose monomer
      • 2.3 Glucose biopolymerization
      • 2.4 Cellulose structure
      • 2.5 Chemical and solubility properties of cellulose
      • 2.6 Sources of cellulose
      • 2.7 Separation of cellulose
      • 2.8 Purification of cellulose
      • 2.9 Cellulose polymorphism
      • 2.10 Chemical modification of cellulose
      • 2.11 Preparation of nano-cellulose
      • 2.12 Processing of cellulose
      • 2.13 Applications of cellulose fibres
      • 2.14 Conclusions
      • 2.16 Appendix: abbreviations
    • Chapter 3: Creating hierarchical structures in cellulosic fibre reinforced polymer composites for advanced performance
      • Abstract:
      • 3.1 Introduction
      • 3.2 Creating hierarchical structures in (ligno)cellulosic fibre reinforced composite materials
      • 3.3 Surface microfibrillation of (ligno)cellulosic fibres
      • 3.4 Creating hierarchical structures in renewable composites by incorporating microfibrillated cellulose (MFC) into the matrix
      • 3.5 Coating of (ligno)cellulosic fibres with bacterial cellulose
      • 3.6 Conclusions and future trends
      • 3.7 Acknowledgements
    • Chapter 4: Recycled polymers in natural fibre-reinforced polymer composites
      • Abstract:
      • 4.1 Introduction
      • 4.2 Fibre reinforcements in recycled composites
      • 4.3 Processes for adding natural fibre reinforcements to composites
      • 4.4 Improving the mechanical properties of recycled composites using natural fibre reinforcements
      • 4.5 Applications of recycled polymer composites with natural fibre reinforcements
      • 4.6 Conclusions and future trends
      • 4.8 Appendix: abbreviations
    • Chapter 5: Electrospun cellulosic fibre-reinforced composite materials
      • Abstract:
      • 5.1 Introduction
      • 5.2 Electrospinning of non-derivatised and derivatised cellulosic fibres
      • 5.3 Electrospun cellulosic fibres via polymer blends
      • 5.4 Electrospun nanocomposite fibres
      • 5.5 Mechanical properties of electrospun fibres and mats
      • 5.6 Cellulose nanofibre-reinforced polymer composites
      • 5.7 Future trends
  • Part II: Processing of natural fibre composites
    • Chapter 6: Ethical practices in the processing of green composites
      • Abstract:
      • 6.1 Introduction
      • 6.2 Social impact and ethical practice
      • 6.3 Case study: Waste for Life waste management model
      • 6.4 Conclusions
    • Chapter 7: Manufacturing methods for natural fibre composites
      • Abstract:
      • 7.1 Introduction
      • 7.2 Fibre reinforcements
      • 7.3 Reinforcement forms
      • 7.4 Bio-based polymer matrices
      • 7.5 Composites manufacturing processes
      • 7.6 Key parameters for successful processing of natural fibre composites
      • 7.7 Manufacturing techniques for natural fibre-reinforced polymer matrix composites
      • 7.8 Case studies: automotive, building and construction, and marine applications
      • 7.9 Conclusions
    • Chapter 8: Compression and injection molding techniques for natural fiber composites
      • Abstract:
      • 8.1 Introduction
      • 8.2 Emerging compression and injection molding technologies in the production of natural fiber composites
      • 8.3 Processing natural fiber composites at high temperatures
      • 8.4 Conclusions
    • Chapter 9: Thermoset matrix natural fibre-reinforced composites
      • Abstract:
      • 9.1 Introduction
      • 9.2 Natural fibres used in thermoset matrix composites
      • 9.3 Thermoset matrix types
      • 9.4 Fabrication of thermoset matrix composites
      • 9.5 Mechanical properties of synthetic resin composites
      • 9.6 Bioderived resin composites
      • 9.7 Applications of thermoset matrix natural fibre composites
      • 9.8 Future trends
  • Part III: Testing and properties
    • Chapter 10: Non-destructive testing (NDT) of natural fibre composites: acoustic emission technique
      • Abstract:
      • 10.1 Introduction
      • 10.2 Using the acoustic emission (AE) technique in practice
      • 10.3 Assessing results
      • 10.4 Applications of AE
      • 10.5 Future trends
      • 10.6 Conclusions
      • 10.7 Sources of further information and advice
    • Chapter 11: High strain rate testing of natural fiber composites
      • Abstract:
      • 11.1 Introduction
      • 11.2 Materials
      • 11.3 Test methods
      • 11.4 Results and discussion
      • 11.5 Applications and future trends
      • 11.6 Acknowledgments
    • Chapter 12: Performance of natural fiber composites under dynamic loading
      • Abstract:
      • 12.1 Introduction
      • 12.2 Natural fibers and natural fiber composites
      • 12.3 Dynamic properties of natural fiber composites
      • 12.4 Dynamic mechanical testing of natural fiber composites
      • 12.5 Testing in practice: the example of pultruded natural fiber reinforced composites
      • 12.6 Dynamic testing of composites
      • 12.7 Performance of natural fiber reinforced composites under dynamic loading
      • 12.8 Future trends
      • 12.9 Acknowledgments
    • Chapter 13: The response of natural fibre composites to impact damage: a case study
      • Abstract:
      • 13.1 Introduction
      • 13.2 Mechanical characterization
      • 13.3 Specimen preparation
      • 13.4 Charpy impact test
      • 13.5 Experimental results
      • 13.6 Conclusion
    • Chapter 14: Natural fibre composites in a marine environment
      • Abstract:
      • 14.1 Introduction
      • 14.2 Properties and environmental impact of natural versus synthetic fibres
      • 14.3 Natural fibre composites (NFCs) and moisture uptake
      • 14.4 Geometrical considerations for plant fibres in NFCs
      • 14.5 Marine applications of plant fibre composites
      • 14.6 Conclusions and future trends
      • 14.7 Sources of further information and advice
  • Index

Description

The use of natural fibres as reinforcements in composites has grown in importance in recent years. Natural Fibre Composites summarises the wealth of significant recent research in this area.

Chapters in part one introduce and explore the structure, properties, processing, and applications of natural fibre reinforcements, including those made from wood and cellulosic fibres. Part two describes and illustrates the processing of natural fibre composites. Chapters discuss ethical practices in the processing of green composites, manufacturing methods and compression and injection molding techniques for natural fibre composites, and thermoset matrix natural fibre-reinforced composites. Part three highlights and interprets the testing and properties of natural fibre composites including, non-destructive and high strain rate testing. The performance of natural fibre composites is examined under dynamic loading, the response of natural fibre composites to impact damage is appraised, and the response of natural fibre composites in a marine environment is assessed.

Natural Fibre Composites is a technical guide for professionals requiring an understanding of natural fibre composite materials. It offers reviews, applications and evaluations of the subject for researchers and engineers.

Key Features

  • Introduces and explores the structure, properties, processing, and applications of natural fibre reinforcements, including those made from wood and cellulosic fibres
  • Highlights and interprets the testing and properties of natural fibre composites, including non-destructive and high strain rate testing
  • Examines performance of natural fibre composites under dynamic loading, the response of natural fibre composites to impact damage, and the response of natural fibre composites in a marine environment

Readership

Professionals, researchers, and engineers requiring understanding of natural fiber composite materials


Details

No. of pages:
408
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Woodhead Publishing 2014
Published:
Imprint:
Woodhead Publishing
eBook ISBN:
9780857099228
Hardcover ISBN:
9780857095244

Reviews

"This text lives up to its name. It incorporates a broad base of chapter topics from international authors…I was pleasantly surprised to see coverage of ethical concerns associated with composite products…I have a handful of well-worn reference books…I anticipate that this book will achieve that status in the collection of many scientists."--Wood and Fiber Science 46(3), 2014
"…compilation on natural fiber composites, divided into three parts discussing reinforcement use, processing, and assessment of technical properties. Contributions regarding reinforcement use cover applications of wood fibers, chemistry of cellulosic fibers in general, hierarchical (ligno)cellulosic structures, recycled polymers…"--ProtoView.com, April 2014

Ratings and Reviews


About the Editors

Alma Hodzic Editor

Alma Hodzic is Professor of Advanced Materials Technologies and Research Director of Advanced Manufacturing Institute at The University of Sheffield, UK.

Affiliations and Expertise

Sheffield University, UK

Robert Shanks Editor

Robert Shanks is Emeritus Professor of Polymer Science, School of Applied Sciences, RMIT University, Melbourne, Australia.

Affiliations and Expertise

RMIT University, Australia