Nanotube Superfiber Materials

Nanotube Superfiber Materials

Changing Engineering Design

1st Edition - September 16, 2013

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  • Editors: Mark J. Schulz, Vesselin Shanov, Zhangzhang Yin
  • eBook ISBN: 9781455778645
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9781455778638

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Nanotube Superfiber Materials refers to different forms of macroscale materials with unique properties constructed from carbon nanotubes. These materials include nanotube arrays, ribbons, scrolls, yarn, braid, and sheets. Nanotube materials are in the early stage of development and this is the first dedicated book on the subject. Transitioning from molecules to materials is a breakthrough that will positively impact almost all industries and areas of society. Key properties of superfiber materials are high flexibility and fatigue resistance, high energy absorption, high strength, good electrical conductivity, high maximum current density, reduced skin and proximity effects, high thermal conductivity, lightweight, good field emission, piezoresistive, magnetoresistive, thermoelectric, and other properties. These properties will open up the door to dozens of applications including replacing copper wire for power conduction, EMI shielding, coax cable, carbon biofiber, bullet-proof vests, impact resistant glass, wearable antennas, biomedical microdevices, biosensors, self-sensing composites, supercapacitors, superinductors, hybrid superconductor, reinforced elastomers, nerve scaffolding, energy storage, and many others. The scope of the book covers three main areas: Part I: Processing; Part II: Properties; and Part III: Applications. Processing involves nanotube synthesis and macro scale material formation methods. Properties covers the mechanical, electrical, chemical and other properties of nanotubes and macroscale materials. Different approaches to growing high quality long nanotubes and spinning the nanotubes into yarn are explained in detail. The best ideas are collected from all around the world including commercial approaches. Applications of nanotube superfiber cover a huge field and provides a broad survey of uses. The book gives a broad overview starting from bioelectronics to carbon industrial machines.

Key Features

  • First book to explore the production and applications of macro-scale materials made from nano-scale particles
  • Sets out the processes for producing macro-scale materials from carbon nanotubes, and describes the unique properties of these materials
  • Potential applications for CNT fiber/yarn include replacing copper wire for power conduction, EMI shielding, coax cable, carbon biofiber, bullet-proof vests, impact resistant glass, wearable antennas, biomedical microdevices, biosensors, self-sensing composites, supercapacitors, superinductors, hybrid superconductor, reinforced elastomers, nerve scaffolding, energy storage, and many others


Nanomaterials scientists and nanoengineers (i.e. mechanical , chemical and electrical) researchers and developers, particular in aerospace, defence and medical device industries engineers and technologists .

Professors in academia, grad students, researchers, and materials engineering programs

Table of Contents

  • Preface

    Introduction to Nanotube Materials

    Goals of Superfiber Research

    Future Prospects

    Major Areas of Nanotube Research

    Background Needed for Studying Nanotube Materials


    Editor Biographies

    Chapter 1. Introduction to Fiber Materials


    1.1 Fibers and Nanofibers

    1.2 The Challenge of CNT Yarn Fiber Fabrication

    1.3 Conclusion


    Chapter 2. New Applications and Techniques for Nanotube Superfiber Development



    2.1 New Applications for Nanotube Superfiber Development

    2.2 New Techniques for Nanotube Superfiber Development

    2.3 Conclusions


    Chapter 3. Tailoring the Mechanical Properties of Carbon Nanotube Fibers



    3.1 Introduction

    3.2 Irradiation Cross-Linking: Strong and Stiff CNTs and CNT Bundles

    3.3 Reformable Bonding: Strong and Tough CNT Bundles and Fibers

    3.4 Materials Design: Optimized Geometry and Structure

    3.5 Summary


    Chapter 4. Synthesis and Properties of Ultralong Carbon Nanotubes


    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 Synthesis of Ultralong CNTs by CVD

    4.3 Tuning the Structure of Ultralong CNTs

    4.4 Conclusions


    Chapter 5. Alloy Hybrid Carbon Nanotube Yarn for Multifunctionality


    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 Electrical Conductivity of CNT Yarns

    5.3 Metal Deposition on CNT Macrostructures

    5.4 Gas Sensing Applications

    5.5 Summary


    Chapter 6. Wet Spinning of CNT-based Fibers


    6.1 Introduction to Wet Spinning

    6.2 Fibers Obtained from the Coagulation of Carbon Nanotubes

    6.3 Fibers Obtained from the Coagulation of CNT–Polymer Mixtures

    6.4 Conclusions


    Chapter 7. Dry Spinning Carbon Nanotubes into Continuous Yarn: Progress, Processing and Applications



    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 Basis of CNT Assembly in Macroscopic Structures

    7.3 From Textile Spinning Technology to Dry CNT Spinning

    7.4 Multistep Spinning Process Using a Drafting System

    7.5 Several Treatments for CNT Yarn Improvement

    7.6 CNT-Based Composite Yarns

    7.7 Applications of CNT Yarns

    7.8 Conclusion


    Chapter 8. Synthesis and Properties of Boron Nitride Nanotubes



    8.1 Introduction

    8.2 Nanotubes: Basic Structure

    8.3 Synthesis of BNNTs

    8.4 Properties of Boron Nitride Nanotubes

    8.5 Comparison of BNNTs and CNTs

    8.6 Summary


    Chapter 9. Boron Nitride Nanotubes, Silicon Carbide Nanotubes, and Carbon Nanotubes—A Comparison of Properties and Applications


    9.1 Introduction

    9.2 BNNT and SiCNT Structure and Synthesis

    9.3 Composites Reinforced with High-Temperature Nanotubes

    9.4 Applications of High-Temperature Nanotubes

    9.5 Concluding Remarks


    Chapter 10. Carbon Nanotube Fiber Doping



    10.1 Introduction

    10.2 Doping

    10.3 Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube Doping

    10.4 Multiwalled Carbon Nanotube Doping

    10.5 Characterization of Doped CNTs

    10.6 Experimental Challenges in Characterization

    10.7 Summary


    Chapter 11. Carbon Nanofiber Multifunctional Mat



    11.1 Introduction

    11.2 Development of Carbon Nanofiber Mat

    11.3 Conclusion


    Chapter 12. Direct Synthesis of Long Nanotube Yarns for Commercial Fiber Products



    12.1 Introduction

    12.2 Direct Synthesis of Long CNT Yarns

    12.3 Growth of High-Quality CNTs

    12.4 Applications of CNT Yarns/Fibers

    12.5 Conclusions


    Chapter 13. Carbon Nanotube Sheet: Processing, Characterization and Applications



    13.1 Introduction

    13.2 Two-Dimensional Films, “Buckypapers” and Sheets of Carbon Nanotubes

    13.3 Functionalization and Characterization of CNT Sheets

    13.4 CNT Sheet Products Manufacturing

    13.5 Conclusions and Future Work


    Chapter 14. Direct Dry Spinning of Millimeter-long Carbon Nanotube Arrays for Aligned Sheet and Yarn



    14.1 Introduction

    14.2 Highly Spinnable MWCNT Arrays

    14.3 Unidirectionally Aligned CNT Sheet

    14.4 Mechanical Properties of CNT Yarn

    14.5 Conclusions


    Chapter 15. Transport Mechanisms in Metallic and Semiconducting Single-walled Carbon Nanotubes: Cross-over from Weak Localization to Hopping Conduction


    15.1 Introduction

    15.2 Relationship between MS Ratio and Conductivity of SWCNT Networks

    15.3 Summary


    Chapter 16. Thermal Conductivity of Nanotube Assemblies and Superfiber Materials



    16.1 Introduction

    16.2 Thermal Conductivity and Measurement Issues for CNT Materials

    16.3 Individual Carbon Nanotubes

    16.4 Carbon Nanotube Bundles

    16.5 Carbon Nanotube Composites

    16.6 CNT Buckypaper and Thin Films

    16.7 CNT Superfiber Materials

    16.8 Boron Nitride Nanotubes

    16.9 Challenges and Opportunities


    Chapter 17. Three-dimensional Nanotube Networks and a New Horizon of Applications



    17.1 Introduction

    17.2 Nanotube Network Types

    17.3 Theoretical Studies

    17.4 Synthesis of CNT Networks

    17.5 Applications

    17.6 Perspectives


    Chapter 18. A Review on the Design of Superstrong Carbon Nanotube or Graphene Fibers and Composites


    18.1 Introduction

    18.2 Hierarchical Simulations and Size Effects

    18.3 Brittle Fracture

    18.4 Elastic-Plasticity, Fractal Cracks and Finite Domains

    18.5 Fatigue

    18.6 Elasticity

    18.7 Atomistic Simulations

    18.8 Nanotensile Tests

    18.9 Thermodynamic Limit

    18.10 Sliding Failure

    18.11 Conclusions


    Chapter 19. Transition from Tubes to Sheets—A Comparison of the Properties and Applications of Carbon Nanotubes and Graphene


    19.1 Overview

    19.2 Electronic Band Structures of Monolayer Graphene and Carbon Nanotubes

    19.3 Comparison of Physical Properties and Device Applications between Graphenes and Carbon Nanotubes

    19.4 Summary


    Chapter 20. Multiscale Modeling of CNT Composites using Molecular Dynamics and the Boundary Element Method



    20.1 Introduction

    20.2 Nanoscale Simulations Using Molecular Dynamics

    20.3 Microscale Simulations Using the Boundary Element Method

    20.4 Numerical Examples

    20.5 Discussions


    Chapter 21. Development of Lightweight Sustainable Electric Motors


    21.1 Electromagnetic Devices with Nanoscale Materials

    21.2 Electric Motor Development

    21.3 Conclusions


    Chapter 22. Multiscale Laminated Composite Materials


    22.1 Introduction

    22.2 Fabrication and Characterization of MWCNT Array-Reinforced Laminated Composites

    22.3 Results and Discussion

    22.4 Conclusions


    Chapter 23. Aligned Carbon Nanotube Composite Prepregs


    23.1 Introduction

    23.2 Recent Advances in the Fabrication of Aligned Composite Prepregs

    23.3 Mechanical and Physical Properties of CNT Composite Prepregs

    23.4 Opportunities and Challenges

    23.5 Conclusions and Outlook


    Chapter 24. Embedded Carbon Nanotube Sensor Thread for Structural Health Monitoring and Strain Sensing of Composite Materials



    24.1 Introduction

    24.2 Embedded Sensing Proof of Concept

    24.3 CNT Sensor Thread Performance

    24.4 Carbon Nanotube Thread SHM Architectures

    24.5 Areas of Strong Multifunctional Potential

    24.6 Future Work


    Chapter 25. Tiny Medicine



    25.1 The History of Tiny Machines

    25.2 Nanoscale Materials

    25.3 A Pilot Microfactory for Nanomedicine Devices

    25.4 Tiny Machines Concepts and Prototype Fabrication

    25.5 Summary and Conclusions


    Chapter 26. Carbon Nanotube Yarn and Sheet Antennas


    26.1 Introduction

    26.2 Carbon Nanotube Thread Antennas

    26.3 Carbon Nanotube Sheet Antennas

    26.4 Multifunctional Carbon Nanotube Antenna/Gas Sensor

    26.5 Summary


    Chapter 27. Energy Storage from Dispersion Forces in Nanotubes



    27.1 Introduction

    27.2 Idealized Parallel-Plate System

    27.3 Orders of Magnitude

    27.4 Performance Simulations

    27.5 Conclusions



Product details

  • No. of pages: 848
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © William Andrew 2013
  • Published: September 16, 2013
  • Imprint: William Andrew
  • eBook ISBN: 9781455778645
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9781455778638

About the Editors

Mark J. Schulz

Mark J. Schulz is a Professor of Mechanical and Materials Engineering at the University of Cincinnati, and Co-director of the Nanoworld Laboratories at the University of Cincinnati. The strategic goal of the Nanoworld Labs is to solve societally important and complex problems, to integrate nanotech into university-wide curricula, to interest students to go to graduate school, and to develop new smart and nano materials and devices for engineering and medical use. Mark is a co-founder of two companies based on university technologies.

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Cincinnati, USA

Vesselin Shanov

Vesselin Shanov is a Professor of Chemical and Materials Engineering at the University of Cincinnati. He has received several prestigious awards including the Fulbright Award for Research and Teaching in the USA, and German Academic Foundation (DAAD) Grants. His recent research focuses on synthesis, characterization and processing of carbon nanotubes and graphene, with applications in the areas of energy storage, electronics and aerospace. He is a member of the Materials Research Society and co-founder and co-director of the teaching and research facility NANOWORLD Labs at the University of Cincinnati. Dr. Shanov has more than 300 scientific publications, including 16 patents, 12 provisional patents and 5 books, has been cited in about 3,100 different references.

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Cincinnati, USA

Zhangzhang Yin

Zhangzhang (John) Yin is a Lead Chemist at Ecolab Inc. Previously he worked as the program manager at the NSF Engineering Research Center for Revolutionizing Metallic Biomaterials and Lab Manager in the Nanoworld Lab at the University of Cincinnati. Dr. Yin’s research interest includes corrosion, application of nanotechnology in medicine and water treatment. Dr. Yin received his B.S. from Tongji University and Ph.D. from the University of Cincinnati in Materials Engineering.

Affiliations and Expertise

National Science Foundation’s Engineering Research Center

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