Nanotechnology in Fuel Cells

Nanotechnology in Fuel Cells

1st Edition - February 23, 2022

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  • Editors: Huaihe Song, Tuan Anh Nguyen, Ghulam Yasin
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323897914
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323857277

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Description

Nanotechnology in Fuel Cells focuses on the use of nanotechnology in macroscopic and nanosized fuel cells to enhance their performance and lifespan. The book covers the fundamental design concepts and promising applications of nanotechnology-enhanced fuel cells and their advantages over traditional fuel cells in portable devices, including longer shelf life and lower cost. In the case of proton-exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs), nano-membranes could provide 100 times higher conductivity of hydrogen ions in low humidity conditions than traditional membranes. For hydrogen fuel cell, nanocatalysts (Pt hybrid nanoparticles) could provide 12 times higher catalytic activity. This is an important reference source for materials scientists and engineers who are looking to understand how nanotechnology is being used to create more efficient macro- and nanosized fuel cells.

Key Features

  • Outlines how fuel cells can be nanoengineered to enhance their performance and lifespan
  • Covers a variety of fuel cell types, including proton-exchange membrane fuel cells and hydrogen-based fuel cells
  • Assesses the major challenges of nanoengineering fuel cells at an industrial scale

Readership

Materials Scientists and Engineers

Table of Contents

  • Cover image
  • Title page
  • Table of Contents
  • Copyright
  • List of contributors
  • Foreword
  • Section 1: Basic principles
  • Chapter 1. Nanotechnology-based fuel cells: an introduction
  • Abstract
  • 1.1 Introduction
  • 1.2 Fuel cells
  • 1.3 Nanotechnology and fuel cells
  • 1.4 Current research on nanofuel cells
  • 1.5 Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 2. Microfluidic concept-based fuel cells
  • Abstract
  • 2.1 Introduction
  • 2.2 Theory
  • 2.3 Fabrication and design of microfluidic fuel cells
  • 2.4 Performance evaluation of microfluidic fuel cells
  • 2.5 Perspective and conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 3. Alcohol fuel cell on-a-chip
  • Abstract
  • 3.1 Introduction
  • 3.2 Fuel cell on-a-chip
  • 3.3 General view of direct alcohol microfluidic fuel cells
  • 3.4 Testing direct alcohol microfluidic fuel cells
  • 3.5 Nanotechnology in direct alcohol microfluidic fuel cells
  • 3.6 Perspectives and future engagements
  • Acknowledgments
  • Appendix
  • References
  • Chapter 4. General aspects in the modeling of fuel cells: from conventional fuel cells to nano fuel cells
  • Abstract
  • 4.1 Introduction
  • 4.2 Numerical modeling
  • 4.3 PEMFC macroscopic modeling
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Chapter 5. Mathematical modeling for fuel cells
  • Abstract
  • 5.1 Introduction
  • 5.2 Fuel cells simulation and modeling
  • 5.3 Process design and mathematical formulation
  • 5.4 Key challenges of mathematical modeling
  • 5.5 Conclusion
  • References
  • Section 2: Nanostructures and nanomaterials for fuel cells
  • Chapter 6. Nanostructures and nanomaterials in microbial fuel cells
  • Abstract
  • 6.1 Introduction
  • 6.2 Nanostructured materials in microbial fuel cells
  • 6.3 Nanocomposite materials
  • 6.4 Conclusion
  • Acknowledgment
  • References
  • Chapter 7. Metal-organic frameworks for fuel cell technologies
  • Abstract
  • 7.1 Introduction
  • 7.2 Structure of metal-organic frameworks
  • 7.3 Metal-organic frameworks for fuel cells applications
  • 7.4 Metal-organic frameworks as oxygen reduction reaction catalyst
  • 7.5 Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 8. Advanced carbon-based nanostructured materials for fuel cells
  • Abstract
  • 8.1 Introduction
  • 8.2 Important oxygen reduction reaction characterization notions
  • 8.3 Approaches to synthesize nanocarbons
  • 8.4 Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 9. Covalent organic framework-based materials as electrocatalysts for fuel cells
  • Abstract
  • 9.1 Introduction
  • 9.2 Recent advancements in COF-based electrocatalysts for ORR
  • 9.3 Designing approaches of COF-based electrocatalysts
  • 9.4 Concluding remarks
  • References
  • Chapter 10. Nano-inks for fuel cells
  • Abstract
  • 10.1 Introduction
  • 10.2 Ink rheological parameters and influencing factors
  • 10.3 Recent progress in nano-ink preparation and utilization in fuel cell application
  • 10.4 Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 11. Nanomaterial and nanocatalysts in microbial fuel cells
  • Abstract
  • 11.1 Introduction
  • 11.2 Application of nanomaterial structures in anodes
  • 11.3 Application of nanomaterial structures in cathodes
  • 11.4 Ion-exchange membranes
  • 11.5 Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 12. Nanomembranes in fuel cells
  • Abstract
  • 12.1 The introduction of nanomembranes in fuel cells
  • 12.2 Polymer-based nanomembranes
  • 12.3 Hybrid membranes containing nanofillers
  • References
  • Chapter 13. Shape-controlled metal nanoparticles for fuel cells applications
  • Abstract
  • 13.1 Introduction
  • 13.2 What is shape-controlled catalyst
  • 13.3 Platinum catalyst
  • 13.4 Fe, Co, and Ni catalysts
  • 13.5 Various functionality of shape-selected nanoparticles
  • 13.6 Summary
  • References
  • Chapter 14. Fuel cells recycling
  • Abstract
  • 14.1 Introduction to fuel cells and recycling
  • 14.2 Nanomaterials used in fuel cells
  • 14.3 Recycling processes
  • 14.4 Microbial fuel cell recycling mechanism
  • 14.5 Summary
  • References
  • Chapter 15. Micro/nanostructures for biofilm establishment in microbial fuel cells
  • Abstract
  • 15.1 Introduction
  • 15.2 Nanostructure for promoting electrochemical active bacteria/electrode interaction
  • 15.3 Microstructure for increasing specific surface area
  • 15.4 Outlook
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Chapter 16. Nanomaterials in biofuel cells
  • Abstract
  • 16.1 Introduction
  • 16.2 Types of biofuel cell
  • 16.3 Application of nanomaterials in biofuel cells
  • 16.4 Conclusion
  • References
  • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 480
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2022
  • Published: February 23, 2022
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323897914
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323857277

About the Editors

Huaihe Song

Huaihe Song is a Professor at the State Key Laboratory of Chemical Resource Engineering, College of Materials and Engineering, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, China. He has 28 years of experience in the field of carbon materials research. His research area is in the preparation of advanced carbon materials and their applications, including pitch-based carbon materials (mesophase pitch and mesocarbon microbeads), carbon nanomaterials (carbon nanotubes, graphene, carbon-encapsulated metal nanomaterials, and onion-like carbons), carbon-based materials for energy storage (lithium-ion batteries and supercapacitors), and mesoporous carbons (ordered mesoporous carbons and carbon aerogels).

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor, State Key Laboratory of Chemical Resource Engineering, College of Materials and Engineering, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing, China

Tuan Anh Nguyen

Tuan Anh Nguyen is Principal Research Scientist at the Institute for Tropical Technology, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology, Hanoi, Vietnam. His research focuses on advanced nanomaterials and applied nanotechnology. His research activities include smart coatings, conducting polymers, corrosion and protection of metals/concrete, antibacterial materials, and smart sensors/devices. He is Editor-In-Chief of Kenkyu Journal of Nanotechnology & Nanoscience and Founding Co-Editor-In-Chief of Current Nanotoxicity & Prevention.

Affiliations and Expertise

Principal Research Scientist, Institute for Tropical Technology, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology, Hanoi, Vietnam

Ghulam Yasin

Dr Ghulam Yasin is an Academic Researcher at the Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Soft Matter Science and Engineering, at the State Key Laboratory of Organic-Inorganic Composites, College of Energy, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, China. His research area is in low-dimensional, nano and 2D materials, preparation of carbon materials, including graphene, carbon nanotubes and heteroatoms doped carbon nanoarchitectures for energy storage and conversion devices/technologies, and designing and preparation of multifunctional nanocomposites for various engineering applications.

Affiliations and Expertise

Academic Researcher, Institute for Advanced Study, College of Physics and Optoelectronic Engineering, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen, Guangdong, China

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