Description

Over 30% of commercial polymers are blends or alloys or one kind or another. Nanostructured blends offer the scientist or plastics engineer a new range of possibilities with characteristics including thermodynamic stablility; the potential to improve material transparency, creep and solvent resistance; the potential to simultaneously increase tensile strength and ductility; superior rheological properties; and relatively low cost.

Nanostructured Polymer Blends opens up immense structural possibilities via chemical and mechanical modifications that generate novel properties and functions and high-performance characteristics at a low cost. The emerging applications of these new materials cover a wide range of industry sectors, encompassing the coatings and adhesives industry, electronics, energy (photovoltaics), aerospace and medical devices (where polymer blends provide innovations in biocompatible materials).

This book explains the science of nanostructure formation and the nature of interphase formations, demystifies the design of nanostructured blends to achieve specific properties, and introduces the applications for this important new class of nanomaterial. All the key topics related to recent advances in blends are covered: IPNs, phase morphologies, composites and nanocomposites, nanostructure formation, the chemistry and structure of additives, etc.

Key Features

  • Introduces the science and technology of nanostructured polymer blends – and the procedures involved in melt blending and chemical blending to produce new materials with specific performance characteristics
  • Unlocks the potential of nanostructured polymer blends for applications across sectors, including electronics, energy/photovoltaics, aerospace/automotive, and medical devices (biocompatible polymers)
  • Explains the performance benefits in areas including rheological properties, thermodynamic stablility, material transparency, solvent resistance, etc.

Readership

Scientists and Engineers involved in polymer materials design, Design Engineers/Plastics Engineers using Nanostructured Polymer Blends in key sectors: electronics, energy (esp.photovoltaics), aerospace/automotive, medical devices (biocompatible polymers).

Table of Contents

Preface

List of Contributors

Chapter 1. Polymer Blends

1.1 Introduction

1.2 Polymer–Polymer Miscibility Theory

1.3 Incompatible Polymer Blends

1.4 Miscible Polymer Blends

1.5 Cross-Linking of Miscible Polymer Blends

1.6 Compatible Polymer Blends

1.7 Nanophase Blends

1.8 Conclusion

References

Chapter 2. Characterization of Nanostructured Materials

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Microscopies

2.3 Laser Scanning Confocal Microscopy

2.4 Optical Ultramicroscopy

2.5 Transmission Electron Microscopy

2.6 Scanning Electron Microscopy

2.7 Atomic Force Microscopy

2.8 Image Analysis

2.9 Molecular Modeling

2.10 Small Angle X-ray Scattering

2.11 Wide Angle X-ray Scattering

2.12 X-Ray Tomography

2.13 Nuclear Magnetic Resonance

2.14 Surface Area Analysis

2.15 Indirect Methods that do not Allow Visualization

2.16 Conclusion

References

Chapter 3. Theoretical Modeling of Nanostructured Formation in Polymer Blends

3.1 Introduction

3.2 The Freely Jointed Chain

3.3 Solubility and Interaction Parameters in Nanostructured Polymer Blends

3.4 Prediction of Mechanical, Electrical, and Thermal Properties of Semicrystalline Polymer and Nanostructured Polymer Blends

3.5 Modeling of Polymers in Solution and the Morphological Control of Nanostructured Polymer Blends

3.6 Multiscale Modeling for Nanostructured Polymer Blend Material Design

3.7 Volume Fraction Modules for Nanostructured Polymer Blends

3.8 Recent Advances

3.9 Conclusion

3.10 Recommendations

References

Further Reading

Chapter 4. Compatibilization as a Tool for Nanostructure Formation

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Theoretical Background of Compatibilization of Polymer Blends

4.3 Types o

Details

No. of pages:
576
Language:
English
Copyright:
© 2014
Published:
Imprint:
William Andrew
Print ISBN:
9781455731596
Electronic ISBN:
9781455731602