Nanostructured Polymer Blends - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9781455731596, 9781455731602

Nanostructured Polymer Blends

1st Edition

Editors: Sabu Thomas Robert Shanks Sarath Chandran
eBook ISBN: 9781455731602
Hardcover ISBN: 9781455731596
Imprint: William Andrew
Published Date: 13th December 2013
Page Count: 576
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Table of Contents


List of Contributors

Chapter 1. Polymer Blends

1.1 Introduction

1.2 Polymer–Polymer Miscibility Theory

1.3 Incompatible Polymer Blends

1.4 Miscible Polymer Blends

1.5 Cross-Linking of Miscible Polymer Blends

1.6 Compatible Polymer Blends

1.7 Nanophase Blends

1.8 Conclusion


Chapter 2. Characterization of Nanostructured Materials

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Microscopies

2.3 Laser Scanning Confocal Microscopy

2.4 Optical Ultramicroscopy

2.5 Transmission Electron Microscopy

2.6 Scanning Electron Microscopy

2.7 Atomic Force Microscopy

2.8 Image Analysis

2.9 Molecular Modeling

2.10 Small Angle X-ray Scattering

2.11 Wide Angle X-ray Scattering

2.12 X-Ray Tomography

2.13 Nuclear Magnetic Resonance

2.14 Surface Area Analysis

2.15 Indirect Methods that do not Allow Visualization

2.16 Conclusion


Chapter 3. Theoretical Modeling of Nanostructured Formation in Polymer Blends

3.1 Introduction

3.2 The Freely Jointed Chain

3.3 Solubility and Interaction Parameters in Nanostructured Polymer Blends

3.4 Prediction of Mechanical, Electrical, and Thermal Properties of Semicrystalline Polymer and Nanostructured Polymer Blends

3.5 Modeling of Polymers in Solution and the Morphological Control of Nanostructured Polymer Blends

3.6 Multiscale Modeling for Nanostructured Polymer Blend Material Design

3.7 Volume Fraction Modules for Nanostructured Polymer Blends

3.8 Recent Advances

3.9 Conclusion

3.10 Recommendations


Further Reading

Chapter 4. Compatibilization as a Tool for Nanostructure Formation

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Theoretical Background of Compatibilization of Polymer Blends

4.3 Types of Polymer Blend Compatibilization

4.4 Types of Compatibilizers Suitable for Different Polymer Pairs

4.5 Morphology Property Consideration

4.6 Use of Nanofiller as a Compatibilizer for Immiscible Polymer Blends

4.7 Recent Advances in Compatibilized Nanostructured Polymer Blends

4.8 Thermodynamic Considerations of Polymer Blends

4.9 Morphology Evolution of a Polymer Blend

4.10 Compatibilized Nanostructured Polymer Blends

4.11 Applications of Compatibilized Nanostructured Polymer Blends

4.12 Conclusion

4.13 Recommendations


Chapter 5. Nanofilled Thermoplastic–Thermoplastic Polymer Blends

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Interactions in Nanofilled Thermoplastic Polymer Blends

5.3 Kinetic Effects on the Morphology of Nanofilled Thermoplastic Polymer Blends

5.4 Compatibilizing Effect of Nanoparticles in Thermoplastic Polymer Blends

5.5 Mechanical Properties

5.6 Conclusion


Chapter 6. Nanostructure Formation in Thermoset/Block Copolymer and Thermoset/Hyperbranched Polymer Blends

6.1 Introduction

6.2 Nanostructure Formation in Thermoset/Block Copolymer Blends

6.3 Microstructure Formation in Thermoset/Hyperbranched Polymer Blends

6.4 Mechanical and Thermal Properties

6.5 Conclusion


Chapter 7. Nanostructure Formation in Block Copolymers

7.1 Synthesis of Block Copolymers

7.2 Synthesis of Nonlinear Block Copolymers

7.3 Nanostructures Based on Block Copolymer Self-Assembly

7.4 Nanostructure Formation in Segmented Polyurethanes

7.5 Crystallization Assisted Self-Assembly of Semicrystalline Block Copolymers: Morphology in the Bulk

7.6 Stabilization of Self-Assembled Morphologies

7.7 Self-Assembled Monolayers

7.8 Characterization Methods

7.9 Applications


Chapter 8. Significances of Nanostructured Hydrogels for Valuable Applications

8.1 Nanostructured Hydrogels: A Brief Overview

8.2 Preparation Techniques for Nanostructured Hydrogels

8.3 Synthesis and Preparation of Hydrogels

8.4 Characterizations of Hydrogels

8.5 Applications

8.6 Recent Advances

8.7 Conclusion



Chapter 9. Nanostructured Liquid Crystals

9.1 Introduction

9.2 Nanostructured Liquid Crystals

9.3 Preparation of Nanostructured Liquid Crystals

9.4 Applications

9.5 Conclusion


Chapter 10. Nanostructured Hydrogels

10.1 Introduction

10.2 Preparation Techniques

10.3 Characterization

10.4 Applications of Hydrogels as Biomaterials

10.5 Recent Advances

10.6 Conclusion



Chapter 11. Nano/Micro and Hierarchical Structured Surfaces in Polymer Blends

11.1 Introduction

11.2 Some Considerations on Polymer Blend Thin Films and Surfaces

11.3 Phase Separation and Formation of Structured Surfaces in Blends

11.4 Pattern formation

11.5 Stimuli-Responsive Nanostructured Interfaces

11.6 Hierarchically Structured Polymer Blend Interfaces

11.7 Applications of Blends with Nanostructured Surfaces

11.8 Conclusion



Chapter 12. Degradation Behavior of Nanocomposite Polymer Blends

12.1 Introduction

12.2 Thermal Degradation of Polymer Blend Nanocomposites

12.3 Photodegradation of Polymer Blend Nanocomposites

12.4 Conclusion


Chapter 13. New Applications of Nanoheterogeneous Systems

13.1 Introduction

13.2 Nanocomposite Thin Film Fabrication Methods

13.3 Electrospinning: One-Dimensional Composite Nanomaterials Creation

13.4 Characterization

13.5 Recent Trends and Applications in Sensors

13.6 Conclusion


Chapter 14. Blend of Silicon Nanostructures and Conducting Polymers for Solar Cells

14.1 Introduction

14.2 Material and Methodology

14.3 Applications in Hybrid Solar Cells

14.4 Recent Trends

14.5 Conclusion


Chapter 15. Conductive Polymer Composites and Blends: Recent Trends

15.1 Introduction

15.2 Chemical and Electrochemical Synthesis of ICPs

15.3 Blending Techniques of ICPs

15.4 Blends of Some Common ICPs

15.5 Recent Trends

15.6 Advance Applications of Nanoconductive Polymer Blends and Composites

15.7 Conclusion




Over 30% of commercial polymers are blends or alloys or one kind or another. Nanostructured blends offer the scientist or plastics engineer a new range of possibilities with characteristics including thermodynamic stablility; the potential to improve material transparency, creep and solvent resistance; the potential to simultaneously increase tensile strength and ductility; superior rheological properties; and relatively low cost.

Nanostructured Polymer Blends opens up immense structural possibilities via chemical and mechanical modifications that generate novel properties and functions and high-performance characteristics at a low cost. The emerging applications of these new materials cover a wide range of industry sectors, encompassing the coatings and adhesives industry, electronics, energy (photovoltaics), aerospace and medical devices (where polymer blends provide innovations in biocompatible materials).

This book explains the science of nanostructure formation and the nature of interphase formations, demystifies the design of nanostructured blends to achieve specific properties, and introduces the applications for this important new class of nanomaterial. All the key topics related to recent advances in blends are covered: IPNs, phase morphologies, composites and nanocomposites, nanostructure formation, the chemistry and structure of additives, etc.

Key Features

  • Introduces the science and technology of nanostructured polymer blends – and the procedures involved in melt blending and chemical blending to produce new materials with specific performance characteristics
  • Unlocks the potential of nanostructured polymer blends for applications across sectors, including electronics, energy/photovoltaics, aerospace/automotive, and medical devices (biocompatible polymers)
  • Explains the performance benefits in areas including rheological properties, thermodynamic stablility, material transparency, solvent resistance, etc.


Scientists and Engineers involved in polymer materials design, Design Engineers/Plastics Engineers using Nanostructured Polymer Blends in key sectors: electronics, energy (esp.photovoltaics), aerospace/automotive, medical devices (biocompatible polymers).


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© William Andrew 2014
William Andrew
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About the Editors

Sabu Thomas Editor

Professor Thomas is the Director of the International and Interuniversity Centre for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology and full professor of Polymer Science and Engineering at the School of Chemical Sciences of Mahatma Gandhi University, Kottayam, Kerala, India. He is an outstanding leader with sustained international acclaims for his work in Polymer Science and Engineering, Polymer Nanocomposites, Elastomers, Polymer Blends, Interpenetrating Polymer Networks, Polymer Membranes, Green Composites and Nanocomposites, Nanomedicine and Green Nanotechnology. Dr. Thomas’s ground breaking inventions in polymer nanocomposites, polymer blends, green bionanotechnological and nano-biomedical sciences, have made transformative differences in the development of new materials for automotive, space, housing and biomedical fields. Professor Thomas has received a number of national and international awards which include: Fellowship of the Royal Society of Chemistry, Distinguished Professorship from Josef Stefan Institute, Slovenia, MRSI medal, CRSI medal and Sukumar Maithy award. He is in the list of most productive researchers in India and holds a position of No.5. Professor Thomas has published over 720 peer reviewed research papers, reviews and book chapters. He has co-edited 54 books published by Royal Society, Wiley, Wood head, Elsevier, CRC Press, Springer, Nova etc. He is the inventor of 4 patents. The h index of Prof. Thomas is 78 and has more than 26811 citations.Prof. Thomas has delivered over 300 Plenary/Inaugural and Invited lectures in national/international meetings over 30 countries. He has already supervised 74 Ph.D theses.

Affiliations and Expertise

Mahatma Gandhi University, Kerala, India

Robert Shanks Editor

Affiliations and Expertise

RMIT University, Melbourne, Australia

Sarath Chandran Editor

Affiliations and Expertise

Mahatma Gandhi University, Kerala, India